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- Journal of Psychology in Africa
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 9, Issue 2, 1999
Journal of Psychology in Africa - Volume 9, Issue 2, 1999
Volumes & issues
Volume 9, Issue 2, 1999
Author Esther N. NzewiSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 9, pp 101 –114 (1999)More Less
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 9, pp 115 –138 (1999)More Less
This article presents the findings of research undertaken to explore and descriptionbe the experience of the Black South African adolescent terminating her pregnancy. Data were collected during individual interviews with adolescents who presented themselves for termination of their pregnancy at two hospitals in the Port Elizabeth-Uitenhage area. The transcribed interviews were analysed through descriptionptive analysis. Guba's measures to ensure trustworthiness were applied. Four central themes were identified from the results, namely: divergent reasons for terminating the pregnancy, termination of pregnancy is not talked about, relationships (parent-child and adolescent-partner) are problematic and reflections on the experience of terminating the pregnancy. For each theme categories were also descriptionbed. Recommendations were made to facilitate improving the experience of the Black adolescent tenninating her pregnancy.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 9, pp 139 –147 (1999)More Less
Until the middle of the 20th century European colonialism determined all developments in Africa. During the post-colonial period, and under predominantly authoritarian or dictatorial governments psychoanalysis developed only sporadically, except in South Africa. There is no detailed account of the history and current status of psychoanalysis on the continent. Traces, however, can be found within the context of colonial history and its effects. Ethnopsychoanalysis can be seen as a major contribution to psychoanalytic research in Africa. And in the last decade of this century we find several encouraging indications of relevance for future of psychoanalysis in Africa: (1) A number of clinical psychologists and psychiatrists who trained in Euro-North America and have now been practicing psychotherapy in Africa for years have adopted psychoanalysis in theory and practice; (2) the rapid societal change and urbanization witnessed in African societies seems to create a need for western forms of psychotherapy including psychoanalysis; (3) psychoanalysis is recognized and taught in several university departments of psychology, clinical psychology, and psychiatry; and (4) the re-foundation of psychoanalytic study in South Africa. Psychoanalysts and their professional associations have shown little interested in psychoanalytic research and training in Africa, a continent containing perhaps the most culturally diverse societies and types of human relations on the globe.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 9, pp 148 –160 (1999)More Less
This is a review of health promotion and HIV / AIDS prevention intervention projects in Africa. It deals with health promotion intervention approaches, socioculturally informed health promotion interventions, an overview of health promotion intervention activities in regard to risk populations and behaviour effected changes, and the evaluation of intervention activities. Drama, theartre and photocomics and multifaceted intervention activities were found to be particularly effective in African contexts.
A healer may yet emerge from behind the mask: revisiting the tarnished image of psychology in Africa (a South African perspective)Author Terry M. BakkerSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 9, pp 161 –185 (1999)More Less
Psychology in Africa has been criticised for its irrelevance and Eurocentrism. This criticism has shown how a modernist view of the person as a self-contained individual is deeply embedded in psychology. Such a view contrasts with folk-psychological African concepts of the person as coextensive with community and spirituality. Many fruitful suggestions have been put forward to rectify the limitations of psychology in Africa. However, only a few of the criticisms of psychology and the suggestions for transformation of psychology take cognisance of post-modem thought. The aim of this paper is to revisit the tarnished image of psychology in Africa from certain postmodem perspectives. It is proposed that both the criticisms of the ills of psychology in African contexts as well as the medicine prescribed may benefit from a loosening of the constraints of modernist thought.
Author Karl PeltzerSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 9, pp 186 –199 (1999)More Less
For health promotion to be effective it is important that it be informed by the subjective perceptions of those at risk from illness. Subjective beliefs about illness are at the centre of psychological theories of illness behaviour. One hundred and twenty-two secondary school pupils and 147 undergraduate students in South Africa were asked to the estimate the risks and consequences of 40 illnesses or problems which constitute risks to health in their Province. The four problems judged to have the highest incidence were HIV/AlDS (69.5percent), Road Traffic Accidents (61.5percent), Sexually Transmitted Diseases (61.5percent) and abortion (48.5percent). Secondary school students perceived health risks as significantly higher than that of university students. Generally, students were able to identify those illnesses, which pose the greatest problems for hospital services, and which pose the greatest threats to life. However, the risks were overestimated. The major expressed health education needs were mv I AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases, which reflect the highest perceived health risks in this sample. Implications of the research findings for health promotion are discussed.