- A-Z Publications
- Journal of Development Perspectives
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 2, Issue 2, 2006
Journal of Development Perspectives - Volume 2, Issue 2, 2006
Volume 2, Issue 2, 2006
Source: Journal of Development Perspectives 2, pp 121 –140 (2006)More Less
A primary justification for the implementation of quotas on Chinese imports of clothing and textiles from 2007 is the claim that over 60 000 jobs have been lost over the past three and a alf years and that these losses are directly related to the significant growth in imports from China over this period. Further, it is argued that the imposition of quotas, will not only reverse this decline, but will raise employment in clothing and textiles by 50 000 to 60 000. In this paper, we critically evaluate these claims through careful interrogation of the data. We find that estimates of job losses are exaggerated by inappropriate comparisons across different employment surveys. Alternative data suggest lower job losses. Estimates of employment increases are also unfounded requiring output growth in the quota protected sectors of up to 98 percent.
The institutional context for industrial policy: the Western Cape microeconomic development strategyAuthor David KaplanSource: Journal of Development Perspectives 2, pp 141 –162 (2006)More Less
South Africa's industrial policies since 1994 have had a very limited reach and impact. Policy changes on the part of a number of governmental departments are required in order to address constraints on manufacturing firm level investment and performance. The capacity of government to develop and implement more effective industrial policies and to ensure a coordinated policy approach across the different departments is currently very weak. As government commits to more adventurous industrial policies, the risks of fiirther ineffectiveness and wastage of public resources are substantial. Industrial policy developed recently in the Western Cape provides a number of concrete pointers as to how effectiveness might be enhanced and wastage minimised.
Author Ronald MearsSource: Journal of Development Perspectives 2, pp 163 –191 (2006)More Less
This paper investigates the effectiveness of the management and control of the NEPAD strategy. Mere cooperation has been replaced by mutually binding commitments or partnerships. This and the global agenda are used to establish a mutually beneficial partnership with the developed world to identify a niche and to achieve its aims. This article concludes that the disadvantages of NEPAD outweigh the advantages. The SMME example shows that the NEPAD policy is too general to address specific problems. Africa faces capacity constraints in many fields and no real effort has been made to prioritise the challenges. It is also not clear what NEPAD can do independently of the AU.
Source: Journal of Development Perspectives 2, pp 192 –207 (2006)More Less
Insect resistant (Bt) white maize and minimum tillage are being adopted by smallholders in Hlabisa, KwaZulu-Natal. Bt cotton contains the genes controlling the production of a natural insecticide, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which acts specifically on Lepidoptera, including bollworm in cotton and stem borers in maize, and is harmless to all other insects. A survey of 135 farms in 2003/4 is used in a stochastic frontier model to show that Bt seed did not increase yields per kg of seed and, because of its cost, made farmers 12 percent less efficient. This is due to unusually dry conditions, in which the stalk borer is not prevalent. Minimum tillage is being introduced to reduce erosion, but has more of an effect on production than Bt, increasing yields by 12 percent and efficiency by 11 percent. However, it displaces labour, which may have adverse effects on poverty.
Challenges of water quality management in populations with high prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency VirusAuthor Thuthula BalfourSource: Journal of Development Perspectives 2, pp 208 –220 (2006)More Less
Water quality is not adequately managed and monitored in some parts of South Africa, especially the non-metropolitan areas. Poor water quality can lead to excess morbidity and mortality and in a country with a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and consequently a large number of immunocompromised individuals the impact of poor water quality is compounded. This paper reviews the regulatory environment regarding water quality management in South Africa, the state of water quality monitoring in some municipalities and highlights the health consequences of poor water quality for HIV infected people. The paper concludes that South Africa cannot be complacent around maintenance of high standards of water quality, due to the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the country.
Author Vishnu PadayacheeSource: Journal of Development Perspectives 2, pp 221 –224 (2006)More Less