oa Journal of Development Perspectives - Challenges of water quality management in populations with high prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus
|Article Title||Challenges of water quality management in populations with high prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus|
|© Publisher:||Economic Society of South Africa|
|Journal||Journal of Development Perspectives|
|Affiliations||1 Health Policy Analyst, Development Bank of Southem Africa|
|Publication Date||Dec 2006|
|Pages||208 - 220|
|Keyword(s)||Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, drinking water, HIV/AIDS, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, immunocompromised individuals, mortality, non-metropolitan areas, quality standards, sanitation, water quality and water supply|
Water quality is not adequately managed and monitored in some parts of South Africa, especially the non-metropolitan areas. Poor water quality can lead to excess morbidity and mortality and in a country with a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and consequently a large number of immunocompromised individuals the impact of poor water quality is compounded. This paper reviews the regulatory environment regarding water quality management in South Africa, the state of water quality monitoring in some municipalities and highlights the health consequences of poor water quality for HIV infected people. The paper concludes that South Africa cannot be complacent around maintenance of high standards of water quality, due to the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the country.
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