oa Modern Medicine - Thyroid lumps: which ones need the surgeon's knife?

Volume 20, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0259-9333



Thyroid nodules are very common, but only a small percentage require the surgeon's knife. Indications for surgery include the risk of malignancy, the presence of local obstructive symptoms, retrosternal nodules, thyrotoxicosis, cosmetic considerations and a history of previous head and neck irradiation.

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