n Journal of Strategic Studies : A Journal of the Southern Bureau of Strategic Studies Trust - Cost of power outages in the Zimbabwean agriculture sector
|Article Title||Cost of power outages in the Zimbabwean agriculture sector|
|© Publisher:||Southern Bureau of Strategic Studies Trust|
|Journal||Journal of Strategic Studies : A Journal of the Southern Bureau of Strategic Studies Trust|
|Affiliations||1 Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University and 2 Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University|
|Publication Date||Jan 2011|
|Pages||1 - 31|
|Keyword(s)||Agriculture sector, Captive generation method, Direct cost, Power outages and ZESA|
Zimbabwe's agriculture sector has been hit hard by power outages. The country has rich fertile soils and favourable climatic conditions. Agriculture is the back-borne of the Zimbabwean economy. Agriculture is the number contributor of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 23%; major export earner and employer. It supports the industry through supply of 60% of the raw materials. The cost associated with outages is either direct or indirect. The research used two approaches, the direct assessment and indirect assessment in estimating the total outage cost. The direct cost method result in more outage cost as compared to captive generation method applied. The sample was selected using stratified sampling and the questionnaire was the main research instrument used. From the study it is clear that, power outages resulted in significant cost to the agriculture sector in Zimbabwe.
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