1887

n South African Journal of Industrial Engineering - The use of macro-ergonomic work system designs to reduce musculoskeletal disorders and injury risk in training

Volume 28 Number 1
  • ISSN : 1012-277X
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Abstract

Training based on competency is a government effort to improve employee candidates’ job competence. The Technical Implementation Unit of the Technopark Ganesha Sukowati Sragen is a training centre in the Sragen Regency. Ergonomic issues have still not received attention in some training programmes. The work system design is constructed to support the achievement of the agency’s vision and mission, using the macro-ergonomic analysis and design approach (MEAD). Research results show that the key variance is the installation of embroidery hoops, which is difficult and time-consuming. Integration of the work system with ergonomic designs is necessary to create a pleasant training environment and to improve job competence. The new designs include adjustable seats, embroidery hoops tables with a foot rest, improved lighting, facemasks, earplugs, and a drinking water facility. The workshop layout is designed to follow the work process. The trainees also participated in stretching exercises before training began. A t-test was conducted with the same research design and the same subject, and the results showed a reduction of up to 60.39 per cent in musculoskeletal disorders and a reduction of up to 22.2 per cent in the risk of injury

Opleiding met bevoegdheid as basis is ʼn regeringspoging om die werknemer kandidate se werksvertoning te verbeter. Die Tegniese Implementeringseenheid van die Technopark Ganesha Sukowati Sragen is ʼn opleidingsentrum in die Sragen regentskap in Indonesië. Ergonomiese kwessies het nog nie aandag in sommige opleidings-programme gekry nie. Die werkstelsel is ontwerp om die sukses van die agentskap se visie en missie te ondersteun deur gebruik te maak van die makro-ergonomiese analise- en ontwerpbenadering. Navorsingresultate toon dat die sleutel variansie die installasie van borduurhoepels is, omdat dit moeilik en tydrowend is. Integrasie van die werksisteem met ergonomiese ontwerpe is nodig om ʼn aangename opleidingsomgewing te skep en sodoende werkbevoegdheid te skep. Die nuwe ontwerp sluit verstelbare sitplekke, tafels met ʼn voetrus, verbeterde beligting, gesigmaskers, oorpluisies en drinkwater in. Die werkswinkel uitleg is ontwerp om die werkproses te volg. Die vakleerlinge het ook in strekoefeninge deelgeneem voor opleiding ʼn aanvang geneem het. ʼn T-toets is uitgevoer met dieselfde navorsingsontwerp en dieselfde proefpersoon. Die resultate toon ʼn vermindering van tot 60.39 persent in spier-skelet afwykings en ʼn vermindering van tot 22.2 persent in die risiko dat ʼn besering gaan plaasvind.

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/content/journal/10520/EJC-793176e2f
2017-05-01
2017-12-14

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