Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa (JGIDA) - latest Issue
Volume 5, Issue 1-2, 2016
Source: Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa (JGIDA) 5, pp v –vi (2016)More Less
The Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa (JGIDA) strives towards excellence and relevance in African scholarship. JGIDA promotes freedom of inquiry and research with a view to stimulating and entrenching a culture and tradition of independent African research issues. To this end, JGIDA foregrounds the following: African responses to regional challenges; African world views; knowledge bases that are intrinsically and inherently African; indigenous ways of thinking; knowledge systems based on African realities; implication of information and communications technologies (ICTs) in information societies, research reflecting the social, economic and developmental constructs of African scholarship. JGIDA strives to engender high quality international scholarly excellence focusing on the research needs of the knowledge economy, technology innovation and transfer predicated on diverse cross disciplinary subjects in the social sciences, humanities and the arts.
Utilizing cultural competency and translational research in scaling up care for Sub-Sahara African children impacted by HIV/AIDS : a conceptual reviewSource: Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa (JGIDA) 5, pp 9 –31 (2016)More Less
The HIV/AIDS pandemic has had a devastating impact on families and communities in Sub-Saharan Africa. For several decades now, HIV/AIDS affected communities have been grappling with the best ways of providing care to children impacted by AIDS, after losing their parents to the disease. Given the scope and gravity of AIDS, many social health problems impact the welfare of AIDS affected children. These problems require solutions that are congruent with the cultural contexts of children affected by HIV/AIDS. In many instances, and as a result of social problems, children do not receive the best care they deserve. In recent years, there have been efforts to improve the quality of interventions for orphaned children. However, the impact of most interventions has been dismal because these interventions are often out of touch with the context and reality of children. Consequently, the interventions tend only to make minimal improvement in the children's welfare.
Infection mode, deliberate infection, stigma and risky sexual behaviour of people living with Hiv/Aids.Source: Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa (JGIDA) 5, pp 33 –51 (2016)More Less
This study focuses on infection modes, deliberate infection, stigma and risky sexual behavior of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). The purpose was to examine whether PLWHA who contracted HIV/AIDS through sexual intercourse, blood transfusion, injection, and while caring for sero-positives differ in risky sexual behavior; whether PLWHA who perceived to be deliberately infected and those who perceived otherwise differ in risky sexual behavior; and whether experience of stigma relate with risky sexual behavior of PLWHA. The study design was cross sectional and the data was collected through a questionniare. The participants consist of 93 HIV/AIDS patients taking treatments in antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinics. The sample comprises 30 male and 63 female with a mean age of 35 years. The results revealed that the impact modes of infection and perception of deliberate and non-deliberate infection on risky sexual behavior of PLWHA do not differ significantly, and experience of stigma was not significantly related to risky sexual behavior of PLWHA. Effect size statistics revealed that the independent variables have very small impact on the dependent variable, and therefore the findings disconfirmed the theory of reciprocity that the hypotheses were based upon. Though the independent variables have very small impact on the dependent variable; they should not be ignored in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Future studies should adopt a mixed method research approach.
Source: Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa (JGIDA) 5, pp 53 –75 (2016)More Less
Women's organizations have played critical roles in promoting inter-ethnic dialogue, providing innovative local solutions and ensuring that there are voices of reason and even protest when heightened pressure has been necessary. In the peace building arena, women are often more active through informal community structures that aim to ensure that women's rights and gender perspectives are incorporated into local programs. The minimal representation of women within political structures and leadership positions (at local, regional, state, and national levels) has led women's organizations to rely on extensive networks, strong advocacy skills and resourceful means of achieving their objectives. Yet, there are issues that have hindered the efforts of South Sudanese women in peace building, especially at the grassroots. Hence, using Molyneux's women's organizing theory, this study examines patriarchy and some aspects of customary laws which could mount road blocks in the way of sustainable peace building which women's organizations in South Sudan are clamouring for.
Author Charnetta Gadling-ColeSource: Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa (JGIDA) 5, pp 77 –108 (2016)More Less
The Kenya National AIDS Control Council (NACC) requested "the development of innovative responses to reduce the impact of the epidemic on communities, social services, and economic productivity," targeting vulnerable groups including caregivers (NACC, 2005, pg. 29). In response to the call of the NACC and the funding opportunities for services provided by PEPFAR, Higher Ground Outreach, Inc. responded to the appeal by reaching out to partner with Faith and Community Based Organizations in Kenya to provide services to HIV/AIDS patients and their caregivers. Building upon this commitment, HGO commissioned a series of HIV/AIDS caregiver focus groups to gain a better understanding of the challenges associated with HIV/AIDS care giving and to develop a plan of action to implement appropriate programs and services.
Author Pamela Q. PlummerSource: Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa (JGIDA) 5, pp 109 –124 (2016)More Less
The research is a secondary data analysis of focus group responses from a small number of HIV positive women in Kenya. The study examined the women's perceptions of Gender Based Violence (GBV). The qualitative data was analyzed for themes, coded, then examined using one-way analysis of variance. There were no statistically significant differences between categories describing women's perceptions of gender violence and abuse, (p= 0.904). Sexual violence was the most frequent response, followed by emotional violence. It is important to understand how women perceive GBV, when developing multi-sectoral approaches to address gender violence.