African Journal on Conflict Resolution - latest Issue
Volumes & issues
Volume 16, Issue 1, 2016
Author Jannie MalanSource: African Journal on Conflict Resolution 16, pp 5 –8 (2016)More Less
To introduce an issue containing an article devoted to a leadership theme and four articles with between-the-lines leadership issues, some editorial thoughts on leadership seem to be appropriate. In the article discussing 'Great Heart Leadership', 'emotional and spiritual/normative leadership' is emphasised, and a case study of leadership in a particular community is given. These aspects may prompt us to engage in some thinking about ethical leadership and ethnical leadership. First, of course, we may easily agree that ethical values and principles as well as ethnical ties and loyalties do influence conflict and conflict resolution.
Transitional justice and democratisation nexus : challenges of confronting legacies of past injustices and promoting reconciliation within weak institutions in KenyaAuthor Ibrahim MagaraSource: African Journal on Conflict Resolution 16, pp 9 –34 (2016)More Less
Following the post-election violence (PEV) of 2007-08, which almost jettisoned the country into civil war, Kenya put in place a number of transitional justice mechanisms, such as truth telling, as a peace-building strategy. One of the major recommendations of Kenya's Truth, Justice, and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC) is the creation of institutions and mechanisms for peace-building, reconciliation, and early warning with a view towards harmonising their activities and adopting a coordinated approach. This article explicates the centrality of democratic institutional reforms in the process of reconciliation, peace-building, and long-term stability. In tackling the notion of national reconciliation as a central pillar in post-conflict recovery and peace-building, this paper proposes that reconciliation happens within strong and properly functioning institutions of governance that are supportive of transitional justice mechanisms. Based on the transitional justice process in Kenya and building upon a view of reconciliation as a process, rather than an end, this paper argues that strengthening institutions that function within governance structures will go a long way towards placing Kenya on the path to reconciliation, national cohesion, and long term stability.
Source: African Journal on Conflict Resolution 16, pp 35 –59 (2016)More Less
The focus of research on the Niger Delta has shifted considerably from the large-scale violence affecting the region, to the effects of the post-amnesty era which followed the introduction of the Presidential Amnesty Programme (PAP) by the government in 2009. Unfortunately, the emergent literature on the amnesty topic has been pessimistic in its reductionist assessment of the whole programme as a mere 'cash-for-peace' or 'settlement' exercise which can only lead to a fragile peace in the Niger Delta. This paper, being a product of an in-depth investigation of the programme through direct observations and field interviews, presents a different perspective. The paper demonstrates the capacity of the amnesty programme to facilitate and sustain peace in the troubled Niger Delta, with specific focus on the reintegration aspect of the PAP. The paper shows that the reintegration programme has recorded some positive progress which has not been well captured in the literature. Indeed, these achievements are a clear sign of the potential of the PAP to bring about a lasting peace in the Niger Delta. Furthermore, the paper analyses the current challenges bedevilling the programme. Following the highlighted challenges, the paper offers recommendations on how the reintegration programme can be properly utilised to sustain peace in the Niger Delta.
The quest for Great Heart Leadership to activate and promote the ending of violent conflict in AfricaAuthor Andreas VelthuizenSource: African Journal on Conflict Resolution 16, pp 61 –86 (2016)More Less
Inspired by the never-ending quest for the end of violence in some African communities, the author asks what kind of leadership is required to lead a community from violent conflict to peaceful coexistence. The aim of the article is to propose some principles for leadership in situations characterised by violent conflict. By departing from a conceptual framework to explain holistic leadership, conflict leadership and peace leadership, the author explains what Great Heart Leadership is, citing several examples to illustrate these concepts. The author argues that a leader with a 'great heart' is a leader who is able to apply analytical, intellectual, emotional and spiritual/normative leadership to activate peaceful change. This argument is applied to the challenge of leading people towards lasting peace in Africa,offering the specific case of a San community in South Africa to illustrate Great Heart Leadership.
Source: African Journal on Conflict Resolution 16, pp 87 –110 (2016)More Less
Today, Africa is laced with some of the most obstinate conflicts, most of them constructed from differences in religious and ethnic identities. Religious and ethnic nationalism has led to conflicts about control of state power, unequal allocation of resources, citizenship issues, state collapse, economic decline and ethno-religious clashes. Nigeria has been pushed hither and thither by recurrent crises of regional or state illegitimacy, often impairing efforts at economic transformation, democratisation, national cohesion and stability (Osaghae and Suberu 2005:4). With this continental background in mind, this research paper seeks to examine the relationship between religion, ethnicity and conflict in Nigeria, focusing mainly on issues in the North of the country. The question is: To what extent are conflicts emerging from ethnic or religious sources? This paper also looks at the notion of Identity and how it explains the crisis of development and complexities in modern Nigeria.
The role of civil society in conflict resolution in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1998-2006 : an appraisalAuthor Sadiki KokoSource: African Journal on Conflict Resolution 16, pp 111 –137 (2016)More Less
The second Congo war (1998-2003) was a very complex conflict that involved a vast array of actors, interests and issues. After a stalemate was reached on the battlefield with none of the warring parties able to achieve military victory, peace negotiations became the only viable option to end the war. Civil society organisations were directly involved in both the peace process and the subsequent transitional dispensation designed to resolve the conflict, providing some sort of popular legitimacy to these two processes clearly dominated by politico-military forces. The central argument of this article is that while civil society involvement in the peace and transitional processes was instrumental in resolving the conflict underpinning the second Congo war, it entrenched a legacy: the politicisation of the civil society movement as inaugurated in the early 1990s. Indeed, although ground-breaking, the direct involvement of civil society in the management of transitional institutions contributed to weakening its member organisations as many of their leaders were either directly recruited into existing political platforms or simply decided to establish their own political organisations and join active politics.
Africa uprising : Popular protest and political change, Branch, Adam and Zachariah Mampilly (Eds.) : book reviewAuthor Senzwesihle NgubaneSource: African Journal on Conflict Resolution 16, pp 139 –142 (2016)More Less
This is arguably one of the most penetrating and insightful books on the variety of protests that have engulfed a number of African countries in recent times. It is my interpretation, that among other things, this book sets out to provide answers to some of the following simple but vexing questions. What are the drivers of the recent protests in Africa, and what is their nature? To what extent are these protests providing a meaningful account of socio-economic and political challenges faced by ordinary peoples in the continent? Who and what are behind these protests? And what meaningful political changes, if any, have they brought, subsequent to their 'uprising'? In instances where some of the protests appear to have not brought about any meaningful changes or substantive reforms, what are the reasons that account for such limited outcomes?