Africa Conflict Monitor - latest Issue
Author James HallSource: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016 (2016)More Less
The African people were left more defenceless against conflict onslaughts on their lives and the predations of criminal leaders during the month covered by this latest Africa Conflict Monitor (ACM). Burundi's ruling party sought to save the country's president, Pierre Nkurunziza, and security force heads from criminal prosecution by being the world's first country to drop out of the International Criminal Court (ICC).
African autocrats decree a parting with the International Criminal Court : Africa-wide - continental overviewSource: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016, pp 4 –9 (2016)More Less
The only international tribunal capable of holding governments and rogue rulers accountable for their crimes, the International Criminal Court (ICC) is being rejected by the very despots whose victims can only find justice through this court. How necessary the ICC's jurisdiction is was made evident through crimes against humanity perpetrated throughout the continent during October.
African governance improves, lessening social conflicts and cross-border wars : Africa-wide - featured analysisSource: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016, pp 11 –17 (2016)More Less
After a decade of surveying the performances of Africa's governments, the Ibrahim Index of African Governance can now quantify ten-year trends and finds cause for optimism that good leadership will reduce conflict on the continent. However, despots and terror groups continue to ruin countries and pose threats to peace and stability.
Reducing the risk to Africa's banks of victimisation by terrorist organisations : Africa-wide - monitoring economiesSource: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016, pp 18 –23 (2016)More Less
Ending the slaughter of wildlife conservationists in Africa's oldest 'war'
ACM Interview with Dr Colman O'Criodain : Africa-wide - informed insights - interviews with expertsSource: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016, pp 24 –28 (2016)More Less
Africa's longest running 'war' is between game conservationists and poachers, the armed bandits who are eradicating African wildlife to satisfy customers in the Middle and Far East. Since the 1980s, when smugglers began using weaponry abundant from Africa's civil wars and militant uprisings, the life of a game ranger became akin to that of a soldier in order to protect Africa's animal heritage. For insight into the continuing inducements that fuel the continent's deadly conservation wars, ACM spoke with Dr Colman O'Criodain, the World Wildlife Fund's (WWF) Global Wildlife Policy Manager.
Libya's victory against ISIS is a milestone but not an end to the terror group's threat : North Africa - regional analysisSource: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016, pp 29 –36 (2016)More Less
As a staging ground for terror attacks in Europe, the Islamic State's (ISIS) African capital in Sirte, Libya, had significant strategic value. The coastal city was also the crossroads for terrorists and recruits from Tunisia, the rest of North Africa and the countries of the Sahel. Now, as ISIS is pushed out, a new base of operations has likely moved south.
Ethiopia's State of Emergency is a repressive response that will worsen ethnic conflict : East Africa - regional analysisSource: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016, pp 38 –44 (2016)More Less
Protests by the Oromo ethnic group against government discrimination increased in October 2016, exasperating a central government whose only crisis management skill is military force. The international community is growing nervous about the handling of an uprising of people against governance that seems to rule through human rights violations.
Another autocrat seeks to change his nation's constitution to extend his hold on power : West Africa - regional analysisSource: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016, pp 45 –51 (2016)More Less
President Alassane Ouattara of Côte d'Ivoire seeks to drop the age limit for a president and establish a national senate that would ensure his party rules long after he is gone. Opposition parties and civil society object to a ploy that would undermine the nation's democracy.
Burundi's leadership defies international law in a bid to avoid prosecution : Central Africa - regional analysisSource: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016, pp 52 –58 (2016)More Less
The illegal regime of President Pierre Nkurunziza has removed itself further from the Rule of Law by seeking to sever ties with the International Criminal Court (ICC), the only international judicial body that can hold rogue governments accountable. The move ensures that the regime will lose allies and sink into dangerous isolationism.
Source: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016, pp 59 –65 (2016)More Less
As campuses burn and protestors march in Africa's most advanced country, the reality emerges that historically marginalised people will not wait much longer for the better lives promised them with democracy. Democratic institutions do have the means to bring about social change, if the key requirement of good governance is in place.
ACM country in focus : Somalia
Assessing the political, business and economic impacts of conflict : back pages - country in focusSource: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016, pp 67 –68 (2016)More Less
Despite concerns about security and lack of organisational capacity that call into question the feasibility of democratic elections, Somalia is moving ahead with a scheduled national leadership change that will be conducted through an experimental selection process. Drought and warfare have taken a toll on the economy, but moves in 2016 to formalise and regulate Somalia's money transfer industry has secured the flow of remittances on which millions of Somalis depend for their survival.
ACM country profile : Zimbabwe
Assessing the political, business and economic impacts of conflict : back pages - country in focusSource: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016, pp 69 –70 (2016)More Less
President Robert Mugabe's regime has further cracked down on civil unrest that has been fuelled by the country's economic collapse. A cash shortage has hampered business and discouraged investors. To boost exports and restore investor confidence, the government instituted an export incentive programme and announced a change to the disastrous economic indigenisation law. Citizens and investors remain wary of the introduction of bond notes in November 2016.
Source: Africa Conflict Monitor 2016, pp 71 –79 (2016)More Less