African Journal of Farm Child and Youth Development - latest Issue
Volume 1, Issue 1, 2002
Perceptions of secondary schools agriculture teachers towards the factors influencing attrition in the Teaching Service Commission of BotswanaSource: African Journal of Farm Child and Youth Development 1, pp 4 –13 (2002)More Less
A descriptive type of research using a structured mailed questionnaire was used to determine factors influencing the attrition of teachers in Secondary Schools in Botswana. The target population of the study was secondary school teachers in Botswana. A cluster random representative sample size (n= 368) of teachers was drawn to gather data. The validity and reliability of the instrument were established. Results of the study revealed that teachers agreed that five factors influenced the attrition of teachers in Botswana. These were remuneration, advancement, working conditions, administration factors, and Professional factors. Most of the personal characteristics of the teachers did not influence their responses.
Inaugurating a global rural youth development network : a participant's experience from Herrsching workshop in GermanyAuthor Dixon Olu TorimiroSource: African Journal of Farm Child and Youth Development 1, pp 14 –22 (2002)More Less
The exposition in this paper is a participant's preliminary experience as gained from the 21st International Workshop for Rural Youth Leaders held in Herrsching, Germany. It brings into focus the need for a follow up action that may as a matter of urgency make use of the workshop participants as foundation members of a global rural youth development network. Methodological approach employed in inaugurating the network was chronologically documented. The results of the data collected through questionnaire based on the participants' demographic characteristics and interest in the proposed global network was discussed. Also, the success stories of the post-workshop efforts were shared. It was revealed that the participants from developing region e.g Africa, Asia, etc. are more enthusiastic to realize the inauguration of the network than their European counterparts. However, most participants, organizers and the Youth Works Office of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) are favourably disposed to the inauguration of the global rural youth development network.
Impact of university-based rural youth Extension project in selected villages in Kaduna-State, NigeriaAuthor J.G. AkpokoSource: African Journal of Farm Child and Youth Development 1, pp 23 –30 (2002)More Less
The concern about youths development borders on the believe that they constitute an important labour force which can easily become leaders in employing and innovating modern techniques of agricultural production. The National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) in recognition of this potential has established a rural youths extension outreach Project to encourage the youths to adopt modern techniques of agricultural Production. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of this Project on agricultural Production. This study was carried out during the 2000 / 2001 cropping season by comparing the performance of the Project participants with non-participants. The results revealed that the participants had an adoption level of improved practices higher than the non-participants. This was further confirmed by the significant relationship found between respondents' access to extension services and level of adoption (r = 0.46, P=0.01). Yield of major crops was higher among the participants than the non-participants. The results of the study have helped to identify for the benefit of policy makers, the type of extension approaches required to encourage rural youths to adopt modern farming techniques.
Adoption of agricultural innovations by Children-in-Agriculture Programme (CIAP) members in Enugu State of NigeriaAuthor C.J.C. AkubuiloSource: African Journal of Farm Child and Youth Development 1, pp 31 –38 (2002)More Less
A major research question is how best to increase the adoption of innovations by Nigerian farmers. This study investigated the adoption of innovations by Children-In-Agriculture Programme (CIAP) participants in Enugu State of Nigeria. A structured interview schedule was designed, validated, and used to collect information from the one hundred registered CIAP members in Enugu State. An agricultural science test was also administered to all the 100 CIAP members (50 boys and 50 girls). One hypothesis was tested to the effect that there was statistically significant difference in the mean scores of male and female CIAP members on agricultural science knowledge test. The study also showed that the respondents adopted five innovations - sweet potato, mulching, line / row planting, dry season vegetable production, and fertiliser. Measures suggested by the subjects to promote interest of youths in agriculture include : formation of youth clubs in schools; award of scholarships to University students of agriculture; grant of interest - free loans to youths willing to embark on viable agricultural projects, ensuring that every primary school has a garden while every post-primary institution should have a modest farm; and the offer of automatic employment to a good number of agricultural graduates.
Author E.C. OnyenejeSource: African Journal of Farm Child and Youth Development 1, pp 39 –44 (2002)More Less
Preparing and mobilizing children for agriculture-related activities today belongs to the province of modern education. In fact, preparing and mobilizing the youths for agriculture in Nigeria is a first major step towards food security, and consequent national development (Adedoyin, 2000). Modern education is a process of empowerment; a capacity-building process which enables an individual to develop his potentialities through the acquisition of relevant skills, values, attitudes, etc for the benefit of the individual and his society. This type of education is guided and directed so as to achieve desirable outcomes. This is achieved through professional psychological counselling. No sensible nation can afford to neglect the all-important need to provide professional help to her youths. The Nigerian youths experience a lot of problems, which badly affect them psychosocially. For sustainable Children-in-Agriculture Programme (CIAP) in Nigeria, this paper identifies and examines educational, vocational and emotional problems as the trouble spots for psychologists and educationists working in this vital organ of the Nigerian nation. There is need, therefore, that these professionals should foster the psychological development of the youths such that they achieve self-understanding, self-direction and mental balance necessary for effective adjustment to the expected stresses inherent in the school, home and the farm. Recommendations were made for effective counselling that will make the youth develop positive attitudes towards agriculture.
Motivation and staff morale : implications for the Children-In-Agriculture Programme (CIAP) in post-primary institutions in Enugu Educational Zone of NigeriaAuthor Justina Uzoma MgbadaSource: African Journal of Farm Child and Youth Development 1, pp 45 –53 (2002)More Less
The issue of food security is a very important one for a developing country like Nigeria. There is an urgent need to motivate youths to become interested in agriculture so that they can take over from the present crop of Nigerian farmers who are now getting aged. The way agriculture is taught in schools will go a long way to either enhance or diminish the interest of youths in farming. The overall purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which agricultural science teachers in the post-primary institutions in the Enugu Educational Zone were motivated to do their job and to determine the resultant implications for the Children-In-Agriculture Programme which is a programme designed to inculcate the spirit of self-reliance in agriculture in post-primary school children. A structured questionnaire was developed, validated and administered to 181 randomly selected agricultural science teachers from a total population of 302 agricultural science teachers in the zone. Results showed that many respondents claimed not to be satisfied being teachers of agriculture and expressed their desire to opt out for another job if given the opportunity. Recommendations aimed at motivating agricultural science teachers in post-primary schools in the study area are posited.
Source: African Journal of Farm Child and Youth Development 1, pp 54 –61 (2002)More Less
This study was carried out to (i) investigate the various activities performed by female children in household food security, (ii) determine the personal and socio-economic characteristics of female children participating in household food security, (iii) identify the major problems confronting female children participating in household food security, and (iv) identify the needs of female children participating in household food security. Ten households were randomly selected from each of the six communities (Ago - Iwoye, Awa - Ijebu, Oru - Ijebu, Ilaporu, Ijebu - Igbo and Mamu - Ijebu) that make up Ijebu North area of Ogun State. A female child within the age range of 7 to 18 years was randomly selected from each of the households. The multi-stage sampling procedure yielded 60 female children as respondents from 60 households. Descriptive statistics, chi - square (X2) and student 't' tests were applied to the data, and the findings of the study reveal that :
- (i) Significant relationship exists between the female children's participation in household food security and their ages (X2 = 11.947), religion (X2 = 3.522) and educational level (X2 = 13.193) at p < 0.005.
- (ii) The problems confronting female children participating in household food security have not significantly affected their level of participation.