Botswana Notes & Records - latest Issue
Volumes & issues
Volume 38, Issue 1, 2008
The Botswana Teachers' Union Conference and Executive Committee meeting held at the Mochudi Community Centre December 1968Source: Botswana Notes & Records 38 (2008)More Less
Socio and Economic Importance of Grewia flava to the People of Western Parts of Kweneng District and Factors Affecting its Spatial Distribution in BotswanaAuthor John MainahSource: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 11 –19 (2008)More Less
The bulk of the data for this study was provided by the residents, particularly the information on its importance and the key factors responsible for its distribution. Some factors were further investigated in a field survey through sampling to determine the abundance levels of G. flava under constraints of perceived environmental variables. The distribution of G. flava is a function of both anthropogenic and natural factors. The most important environmental variables identified that determine the spatial distribution of G. flava were climate, distance from the village, cutting of the vegetation and the establishment of arable fields. The main socio-economic uses of G. flava include direct consumption of berries, use of stems for building purposes and selling of berries as a source of income to some people.
Source: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 20 –32 (2008)More Less
This article demonstrates that while Adolf Hitler's Nazis were busy persecuting Jews in Germany there was an attempt made by the colonial authorities in Botswana, South Africa and Britain to settle Jewish refugees in some European areas of Botswana. The idea was to settle a small number of Jewish families with capital and agricultural skills in order to improve the beleaguered economy of the territory. This attempt was done amidst growing anti-semitism and Nazi influence in the right-wing Afrikaner community in South Africa.It is believed that this scenario hampered attempts by die British government and the Anglo-Jewish community to assist refugees fleeing Nazi Germany. The outbreak of World War Two in 1939 seems to have abruptly ended the bid to settle the refugees in Botswana.
Author Neil ParsonsSource: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 33 –42 (2008)More Less
The new millennium has seen a renaissance of film-making and film-watching in Botswana. Formore than twenty years there has been a flourishing industry, based largely in Maun, making wildlife fIlms for international television distribution. After witnessing the demolition of its premiere cinema in the Gaborone Mall in the 1990s, the capital city has been blessed with two new suburban multiplex cinemas since 2002. Meanwhile the start of a state television service, Botswana Television (BTV), has opened up possibilities for made-for-TV drama and documentary fIlm production in and around Gaborone.
Field Abandonment and Secondary Succession: Implications on the Quality of Grazing in Kweneng-North, BotswanaAuthor Reuben J. SebegoSource: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 43 –59 (2008)More Less
A conflict of land uses has become a common phenomenon as both arable and agricultural pastoralists seek a place on which to expand. At the same time as these conflicts occur, arable fields are constantly being abandoned, turning the fields back to become grazing land. The purpose of this study was aimed at ascertaining whether there was any change in the quality (species composition) of grazing on some old fields that have since seen their natural vegetation regenerate. Results show very little variation in plant (herbaceous) distribution and change in species distribution between the old fields and undisturbed areas. There is only a slight difference in herbaceous cover, meaning that the pattern of regeneration between fallow and undisturbed areas is very similar.
Author Sandy GrantSource: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 60 –73 (2008)More Less
This article descriptionbes the pioneering role of an unusual community development project in Mochudi in the thirty years from its establishment in 1976 to 2006. It descriptionbes its achievements as a self-help project, and the principal features of the project's Trust Deed, and notes that the vision of the founders of the project was clearly reflected when it was initially descriptionbed as an Education Centre rather than a museum. It descriptionbes some of the activities of an orthodox local museum such as its collection and displays, as well as others, such as the silk screen-printing workshop and its archaeological research at Modipe Hill. It also descriptionbes the museum's publishing achievements.
Author Otukile Sindiso PhibionSource: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 74 –88 (2008)More Less
Having realized that Botswana's traditional music instruments are becoming obsolete, the author of this article chose to conduct research on the musical instruments of Botswana's tribes, the Bakalanga. This article covers Bakalanga music instruments regardless of these political borders. The article covers types of instruments under the following headings: membranophones, idiophones, aerophones and chordophones. This research also covers the construction and playing of these instruments.
Source: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 89 –98 (2008)More Less
The paper traces midwifery in Botswana from its birth under the auspices of the London Missionary Society in 1926. Botswana National archives records, history of nursing books, oral interviews, past and current midwifery curricula documents, as well as midwifery transcripts for graduates of various midwifery programmes are examined. Midwifery education has evolved from its humble beginnings to take place in colleges of midwifery as well as institutions of higher learning, and has opened its doors to men. The purpose of this paper is to present the evolution of formal midwifery education in Botswana from 1926 to 2005.
Author Ndana NdanaSource: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 99 –114 (2008)More Less
This paper attempts a descriptionption, using Lestrade's framework, of Subiya oral literature by identifying some of its constituent parts such as fables, praise poems, indigenous songs, proverbs, idioms and provocative similes. From this preliminary survey it is evident that SeSubiya possesses a corpus of literature that needs further study. The paper concludes by recommending further investigation so as to record and identify other aspects not included here. This paper is therefore a contribution to the larger and on-going project of recording and studying Subiya oral literature.
Source: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 115 –136 (2008)More Less
This paper argues that the African National Congress' (ANC of South Africa) capitulation to the market driven economy, its attainment of state power in 1994, the development of a major split in the opposition Botswana National Front (BNF) in 1998, and President Nelson Mandela's retirement in 1999 forced the ANC to abandon its traditional ally, the BNF, and align itself with the ruling and pro-capitalist Botswana Democratic Party (BDP). A survey of the relationship between Batswana and the ANC from as early as 1912 is provided.
Botswana's 2003/04 to 2006/07 Budgets: The State with the Nation's Interest as a Priority in the War Against HIV and AIDSAuthor Gaotlhobogwe R. MotlalengSource: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 137 –139 (2008)More Less
The aim of this note is to highlight some of the socio-economic issues in proposed budget development expenditure that the Botswana Government has set out as a priority in the war against HIV and AIDS. Due to the impact of Hlv/AIDS scourge in Botswana, the child mortality rate has increased since the middle of the 1990s. Infant deaths are also found to be related to the prevalence of HIV and AIDS. One major target set by the Government of Botswana is to reduce the number of infants born to HIV-positive mothers by half by 2006 and to zero by 2009.
Author Rob S. BurrettSource: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 140 –150 (2008)More Less
In 1871 the painter and explorer Thomas Baines crossed the Limpopo River at a point in northeastern Botswana into what was then the Transvaal Republic. Baines left detailed diaries of his trips to and from Mashonaland. These were subsequently edited by Wallis and therefore the information is generally accessible. Baines, however, did make mistakes in his mapwork. The historical result of these errors has been enormous. I believe that the cartographic inaccuracy of the course of the Limpopo over the three subsequent decades as well as the so-called Old Baines Drift is a direct consequence of Baines' erroneous longitudes.
The Botswana-University of Pennsylvania Partnership - A model for Patient Care and Teaching in the Developing WorldAuthor Steve GluckmanSource: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 151 –155 (2008)More Less
Botswana has an HIV infection prevalence of 35%ï¿½40%, as high as any country in the world. HIV has left virtually no family untouched. Untreated AIDS is uniformly fatal and as a result life expectancy in Botswana has dropped about 20 years since the beginning of the epidemic. Thousands of ""AIDS orphans"" need care and supervision. The economy has been threatened by the loss of adults from the work force in their most productive years. HIV has brought to the fore a number of legal and social conundrums regarding the rights of an individual versus what is best for a society. Controlling the HIV epidemic requires a government with the will to develop a prevention and treatment strategy and the resources to put the strategy in place.
Source: Botswana Notes & Records 38, pp 156 –159 (2008)More Less
The original homestead on Crocodile Pools Farm celebrated its hundredth birthday in 2002, making it one of the oldest occupied houses in Botswana. Richard Transveldt was born in Germany in 1860 and emigrated to the Cape as a young man. There, he made a fortune hunting seals and lost it farming ostriches. He finally moved to Bechuanaland setting up a sawmill in Otse. He acquired land and built a fine home in the German colonial style overlooking the Metsimaswaane River. At the age of 95, Transveldt died. About 1960, the farm was sold on auction. Empty and deserted, the grand old house decayed. The Campbells bought the house in 1971 and made the house habitable. Today, Crocodile Pools Farm has been much sub-divided, but the homestead lives on, standing on a rise looking northward towards Kgale Hill and Gaborone.