Farmer’s Weekly - latest Issue
Volume 2016, Issue 16047, 2016
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
South Africans are nervously awaiting the announcement by ratings agencies on whether the country has retained its sovereign credit rating, or if it has been downgraded to junk status. Many economists agree that it is likely that South Africa will be downgraded. We do not, however, have to wait for these announcements to know that the outlook for many South Africans is dim. According to the latest employment figures released by Statistics South Africa, SA's unemployment rate has risen to 27%; this is the highest it has been since 2003. While the agriculture sector managed to achieve a 7% quarter-on-quarter growth in employment, it was still 2% down year-on-year (y/y).
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 6 –7 (2016)More Less
South Africa experiences high levels of food insecurity. According to the 2012 SA National Health and Nutrition Environment Survey, 28% of households were at risk of becoming food-insecure, while 26% were going hungry. Increasing food prices suggest that urban food security is unlikely to improve in the foreseeable future, especially considering the impact of the recent drought.
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 12 –21 (2016)More Less
Farming must be redefined
Favourable projections for 2016/2017 agricultural GDP
Local pear consumption on the decline
McDonald's SA commits to sourcing cage-free eggs
Wool shoots through the ceiling
Farm worker pay exempt from national minimum wage for now
New US initiative to address shortage of vets in rural areas
New blight-resistant potato for the UK
SA's informal economy is 'modernising', not 'Westernising'
Avocado marketing proves effective
Western Cape farms' labour law compliance under scrutiny
Proposed hunting regulations 'a threat to biltong hunter industry'
Game meat regulations could benefit exports
Zimbabwe has enough maize for only three months
Zimbabwe's biggest inland dam less than 8% full
Author Gert VenterSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 22 –24 (2016)More Less
The biggest challenge for global agriculture today is producing enough food to meet the demands of the world's exploding population. The present global population of seven and a half billion could reach the 10 billion mark as early as 2050, and it currently takes only four days to add a further million people to the population, or 12 years to increase the population by 1 billion. Therefore, primary global challenges include food insecurity, military defence issues, water and land scarcity, urbanisation, and energy demands. International hydroponics consultant, Prof Gert Venter, explores whether hydroponics is the key to sustainable agriculture and combatting these challenges.
Author Ernst RichterSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
The Basic Conditions of Employment Act (BCEA) provides for general conditions of employment for all employees, including leave and working hours. In terms of this act, the minister of labour can issue sectoral determinations to provide for conditions of employment in a specific sector. A sectoral determination for farm workers was issued in 2006 (Sectoral Determination 13) and has been amended several times. Farm workers include workers who are employed mainly or in connection with farming activities, but also include domestic workers working in farmhouses.
Author Peter HughesSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
Before I began my personal journey towards financial literacy, I always assumed that 'profit' was straightforward - more money came in than went out. It seems so obvious, doesn't it? But itâ??s completely wrong! In trying to explain this to me, Ronnie,my financial literacy teacher, used two words - 'accrual' and 'depreciation'. They refer to costs or revenue that are on paper only. Ronnie called them 'non-cash items', and the penny finally dropped!
Author Nicholas JamesSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is the species of choice for tilapia culture worldwide due to its fast growth and robust nature. Genetic development to improve the species, such as the latest strains of GIFT tilapia, has elevated growth rates by about 60%. A commercial strain reaches about 500g in weight in eight months, while an indigenous Mozambican tilapia (O. mossambicus) takes 11 to 14 months to attain the same weight. This has great implications for economic viability. Most African countries where Nile tilapia is not indigenous have accepted the fact that the benefits of the improved strains outweigh its conservation threats. While this has undoubtedly had conservation implications, the positive spin-off has been that many thousand of tons of farmed fish are now available in these countries, reducing the pressure on marine fish stocks, and helping to provide protein in protein-poor areas.
Author Marina BesterSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 28 –29 (2016)More Less
Lamb and mutton produced in South Africa are highly nutritious, and misconceptions that these meat classes are fatty and detrimental to consumers' health must be allayed, says Marina Bester of Lamb and Mutton South Africa. She spoke to Annelie Coleman about the organisation's campaign to promote mutton and lamb consumption.
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 30 –32 (2016)More Less
The highly pathogenic H5N8 avian influenza virus is currently spreading throughout Europe. As the virus is spread by migratory water birds such as ducks and geese, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations recently warned countries across migration pathways to be on alert for incursions of the virus. Since January 2016, South Africa has imported 72% of its bone-in poultry from the EU, and the recent outbreak may influence imports in the short term.
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 34 –37 (2016)More Less
Poland is a country grounded in agriculture and forestry. Although the sector contributes only 3,5% to the country's economy, more than 60% of Poland's total land area is taken up by farming, and 12% of the country's workforce is employed in the agricultural sector. According to statistics, there are roughly 1,5 million small family farms of less than 9ha in Poland. The country's Agricultural Market Agency (ARR) reports that these farms are struggling to remain competitive, and there has been a move to consolidate smaller farms into larger units in recent years. ARR president Lukasz Holubowski says that one of the main drivers of agricultural development has been an increase in average farm size from 5ha to about 9ha.
Author Glenneis KrielSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 38 –40 (2016)More Less
climate change will result in a 1% to 2% increase in the average temperature along coastal areas in South Africa, and a 2% to 3% increase in interior regions by 2050. This is according to the Green Paper on the National Climate Change Response. To continue producing food, farmers will have to contend with drier climatic conditions, faster evaporation and more frequent incidences of extreme weather such as floods and droughts.
Author Chris NelSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 42 –44 (2016)More Less
Very occasionally, one finds a cow that drops twins as if this is the most normal thing in the world and has little trouble weaning them at respectable weights - provided she is well fed. An outstanding example was the Simmentaler cow BM 90 4 Mont-Beau Janet, bred and owned by Ken and Tessa Baxter of the Mont-Beau Simmentaler Stud, Piet Retief. As reported in Farmer's Weekly (13 November 1998), this cow, twice the winner of the Super Cow Award at the Rand Show, had had 12 calves by the time she was seven years and eight months old - with the first five calvings all being twins, and without any artificial stimulation. Remarkably, her intercalving period (ICP) was lower during the years in which she had twins than during the subsequent years when she had singletons.
Author Lloyd PhillipsSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 46 –48 (2016)More Less
Soil is critical for human survival. The International Union of Soil Sciences recently declared 2015 to 2024 the international decade of soil to encourage people to rehabilitate degraded soils. Productive soils should be sustainably utilised, so that sufficient food and fibre can be produced for a growing global population. Sugar cane is as major food crop, with formal sugar industries established in about 120 countries. According to the SA Sugar Association, South Africa's sugar sector generates approximately R14 billion a year, and contributes 0,6% to GDP. The industry supports around one million people.
Author Bill KerrSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
Many farmers think that using a knapsack sprayer is taking a step backwards as large spray rigs are fast and effective. However, knapsack sprayers still have their uses on big farms. The first is for spot spraying. Cabbage farmers often find a plant here and there that is infested with aphids. These are easy to identify, as cabbage aphids make the leaves curl and leave distinct white marks.
Author Michael CordesSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
Had I written this 15 or more years ago, I would have bemoaned the attitude of market agents and said that the sooner they adapted to transformation, the better, otherwise change would be forced on them. Today, transformation on markets and within market agencies is a reality. And, thank goodness, market agents have shed their old negativity and replaced it with a can-do resolve.
Author Gavin FosterSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
Concept vehicles are intended to showcase models underdevelopment and gauge customer reaction. Many never make it to the production stage, while those that do often bear little resemblance to the original. The Merc seen here, however, is probably close to what we'll see on our roads. Mercedes-Benzhas committed to launching the X-Class in Germany late in 2017, and the bakkies are likely to arrive in South Africa in early to- mid 2018. Two design variants were on show at Stockholm: a 'powerful adventurer' and a 'stylish explorer'.