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Volume 5, Issue 2, 2016
Source: Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 5, pp v –vi (2016)More Less
The journey of reason in the African place has been anything but fruitful. The epochs that pre-date the contemporary period have been dominated by debates and metaphilosophy of some sort. System building has not been prominent. Yet it is in system building that a philosophy tradition counts its fruits. Filosofia Theoretica continues to provide a veritable platform for this campaign.
Author Ademola Kazeem FayemiSource: Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 5, pp 2 –18 (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ft.v5i2.1More Less
The aim of this paper is to re-examine the hermeneutic in the ongoing discourse on methodology in African philosophy. The diverse understanding of hermeneutics is not only limited to Western philosophy; in the few decades of its history in African philosophy, hermeneutics has also assumed different meanings. This paper discusses not only the historical evolution and development of hermeneutists in the West, but also the African hermeneutists: Tsenay Serequeberhan, Okonda Okolo, Sophie Oluwole, Raphael Madu, and Bruce Janz. Through a comparative critical inquisition on the strengths and the problems involved in the conceptions of hermeneutics by these African philosophers, this paper argues that basic to hermeneutics is dialogue and its proclivity towards intercultural understanding.
Author Anthony OkeregbeSource: Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 5, pp 19 –36 (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ft.v5i2.2More Less
Africa has always been viewed as a land of the world's greatest potential. It has been described ad nauseam as a land of abundant natural and human resources, the cradle of civilization and the bastion of man's natural spirituality. In spite of this apparent superlative richness, the present African condition is also well documented as a paradox. If Africa is this resource rich, why is it so backward and economically poor? In line with the existentialist notion of solicitude and care, this paper argues for a case of global 'Samaritanism', that is, an unsolicited care for the other that is nonetheless morally obligatory by virtue of a shared world and common existence. Drawing insight from the submission of Peter Singer, this paper posits that, if we have the capacity to intervene and prevent something bad from happening, without sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought morally to do it. This paper's contribution to existing knowledge rests on the extension of Singer's principle of 'Samaritanism' (hitherto restricted to doling out goods and money) to include solicitude and actionable intervention on life-threatening human conditions of whatever kind.
Phronesis and the epistemological journey through research undertakings involving human participants in the context of Sierra LeoneAuthor Emerson Abraham JacksonSource: Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 5, pp 37 –53 (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ft.v5i2.3More Less
This article has provided some philosophical thoughts concerning the journey of research undertakings involving human participants, with consideration given to both natural / physical and human / social science fields, and with a focus on the situation in Sierra Leone (where 'ethical prudence' seemed to be lacking for various reasons). In the process of professional engagement, researchers must seek to give serious reflective thoughts on how their engagement may affect participants and communities - this study has unravelled some thoughts on evolving perspectives (technology-mediated engagement and feminist views). Ethical code of practice has been highlighted as an important instrument in helping researchers (particularly in the Sierra Leone context) manifest serious thoughts in their epistemic quest for pursuing knowledge, through engagement with human participants. The ethical requirement of a researcher to demonstrate intellectual virtue / prudence is a key aspect of the discourse in this article - that which enable trust to be established, and more so, the researcher's ability to exercise practical wisdom in their engagement with research communities.
Mesembe Edet's conversation with innocent Onyewuenyi : an exposition of the significance of the method and canons of conversational philosophyAuthor Clement Victor NwekeSource: Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 5, pp 54 –72 (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ft.v5i2.4More Less
The basic thesis of this essay is that the progressive development of any discipline is propelled by incessant constructive criticisms, creative emendation and articulate reconstruction of established positions and received opinions in the discipline. Accordingly, the essay argues that the method and canons of Conversational Philosophy (CP) are very significant to the progressive development of African philosophy. This is because they are fundamentally articulated to promote the constructive criticism, creative emendation, and articulate reconstruction of established positions or received opinions in African philosophy. It buttresses this point using Mesembe Edet's conversation with Innocent Onyewuenyi on the question of the African belief on reincarnation. This choice stems from the explicit admittance of Edet that his conversation with Onyewuenyi adopts the method of conversationalism and the method of conversationalism is undergirded by the canons of CP. Specifically, this essay explicates how the conscious adoption of conversationalism and adherence to the canons of CP enabled Edet to engage Onyewuenyi in a very critical and creative conversation on the African belief in reincarnation which eventually led to a novel reconceptualization of reincarnation in African philosophy. It unveils the significance of conversationalism and the canons of CP in practice. It is therefore a conversational, expository and argumentative essay.
Understanding the difference between African magic and African science : a conversation with Christian EmedoluAuthor Chukwueloka S. UduagwuSource: Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 5, pp 74 –78 (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ft.v5i2.5More Less
In the spirit of conversational philosophy endorsed by the Conversational School of Philosophy (CSP), I am oblige not to venerate ideas but to interrogate and scrutinize them in search of loopholes to be filled and weak points that needed to be strengthened in order to achieve what Jonathan Chimakonam calls theoretic sophistication and promote Global Expansion of Thought (GET). To promote GET in African philosophy which has to do with embedding theories and principles with cultural contents like the idea of African science but making them universally applicable, one needs to ride on the wheels of the tools of Conversational philosophy. The primary aim of this short piece is to converse with Christian Emedolu on his article "From Magic to African Experimental Science: Towards a New Paradigm" and interrogate his ideas to assess their theoretic sophistication.
Beyond irredentism and jingoism : reflections on the nature of logic and the quest for (an) African logic : special feature : inaugural papersAuthor Uduma Oji UdumaSource: Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 5, pp 79 –128 (2016)More Less
In this article, I attempt once more to revisit the subject of logic in African philosophy or as some would have it, African logic. I discuss the views of those I call jingoists and irredentists and distance myself from them. I argue that there is logic in every human culture and language. I argue also that even the ancient Africans had logic in their languages. My goal is to show that logic as the tool of thought is universal and not culture-bound. To do this, I will investigate the nature of logic and then examine again the notion of (an) African logic before showing the relevance of logic to life. My method will be descriptive, prescriptive and analytical.