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Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa - latest Issue
Volume 2016, Issue 52, 2016
Author Ruth HoskinsSource: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2016, pp 1 –2 (2016)More Less
This issue of Innovation covers topics related to information ethics such as cyber-citizenship in the Information Society; information ethics curriculum design and implementation in Africa; the use of social media to report the news during the '#feesmustfall' campaign in South Africa; ethical limitations of the use of social media for people with visual impairments; and the ethical use of ICTs to access information by indigenous women for socio-economic empowerment.
Citizenship in the information society : protecting cyber-citizens from emerging problems through government regulation, ICT design and information ethicsAuthor Candice Le SueurSource: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2016, pp 3 –18 (2016)More Less
Cyberspace is a space of enormous freedom which has been well used and badly abused. This paper considers options for dealing with current and emerging online problems by way of acknowledging the interconnectedness of the technical and social nature of cyberspace. Three main approaches are considered: regulation by governments or internet service providers; design approaches such as Anticipatory Technology Ethics, Value Sensitive Design and Artificial Moral Agents; and diffuse approaches of sensitisation by way of information ethics training. As a case in point, Pokemon Go will be referenced.
Source: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2016, pp 19 –35 (2016)More Less
In 2007 a group of academics from different countries established a network known as the Africa Network on Information Ethics (ANIE). Aimed at addressing the under-representation of academics from Africa on information ethics web sites and at international conferences, ANIE committed itself to raising awareness of and stimulating research on information ethics issues by means of conferences and workshops across the African continent. Informing this commitment was the notion that activities on information ethics matters should focus on "changes in the relationship between people and the world due to information communications technology" (Capurro 2008:1163). These networking activities contributed to the creation of the Africa Centre of Excellence for Information Ethics (ACEIE) in May 2012. The dual brief of the ACEIE was to conduct research on information ethics issues in Africa, and to develop an information ethics curriculum for Africa that could be piloted at selected higher education institutions on the continent. This article starts with a description of the background to and rationale for the development of such an information ethics curriculum. Following the description is a summary of Curriculum Framework components and an explanation of the different ways in which institutions could use the Framework in the design and implementation of their own curriculum offerings. The article concludes with an indication of the contribution that the development and implementation of the Information Ethics Framework and associated curriculum offerings could make to research in the field of Information Ethics and the development of Africa as a globally competitive information and knowledge society.
Traditional news platforms and citizens' reporting the news: the use of social media during the '#feesmustfall' campaign in South AfricaAuthor Tinus De JagerSource: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2016, pp 36 –50 (2016)More Less
The '#feesmustfall' campaign by South African students at the end of 2015 raises questions about the applicability in South Africa of the 'agenda setting' and 'gate keeping' theories that are commonly used to make sense of the role of journalists and the media in society. Data gathered in a single day during the campaign shows a mass of information posted on social media that relates to the specific hashtag. When the data is analysed, the content of the posts seem to indicate that the traditional news platforms still have an important role to play in informing the public on events that affect them.
Author Rebecca MajingeSource: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2016, pp 51 –69 (2016)More Less
The United Nations' Declarations of Human Rights Charter underlines access to information as a basic human right that must be enjoyed by all people in society without distinction and any form of discrimination. This article examines the ethical limitations of the social media for people with visual impairments. The article is motivated by the fact that social media has a significant footprint in all sectors of society including (but not limited to) academia, education, government, business, research, entertainment, communication and politics. The article is based on the review of the latest international empirical and theoretical literature in print and electronic sources such as books, theses, journal articles, conference proceedings and online databases. The literature covers the ethical issues in accessing and using the social media by people with visual impairments; the social model of disability; WSIS action line 10 on ethical dimension of the information society; challenges of accessing and using social media by people with visual impairments; and strategies for ameliorating challenges facing people with visual impairments in the social media environment.
The use of ICTs by indigenous women in the Anglican Diocese of Natal in South Africa : a curse or a tool of socio-economic empowerment?Source: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2016, pp 70 –92 (2016)More Less
This study explores the ways in which indigenous women in the Anglican Diocese of Natal in South Africa use information and communication technologies (ICTs) to meet their information needs in order to empower themselves. Data was obtained from indigenous women in twenty parishes of the Southern Episcopal Region of the Diocese. The survey results signify that problems of access and exclusion are still predominant amongst indigenous women in the Diocese. For example, while only few of the respondents reported using modern ICTs, such as computers and the internet, more than half of the respondents (57.5%) reported challenges ranging from affordability to distance and time. In addition, the study showed a clear link between educational level and the type of ICTs used. This correlation also informed the information needs and purposes for these women. This signifies that ICTs, in isolation, are insufficient for significant benefits to emerge. The study identifies information ethical challenges and contextualised recommendations are proposed.