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Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa - latest Issue
Volume 2016, Issue 53, 2016
Source: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2016, pp 1 –5 (2016)More Less
The articles collected in this issue derive from refereed papers presented at a Pre-Congress satellite conference of IFLA’s Section of Library Theory and Research on Digital Preservation as a Site of Contestation: National Heritage, Memory, Politics and Power -- Beyond Technology and Management, held at the University of the Western Cape (UWC) and the District Six Museum, Cape Town, on 12 and 13 August, 2015. The event was triggered by two academic chores undertaken by Peter Lor, who was asked in 2014 to serve as external examiner of a doctoral dissertation submitted to the Victoria University of Wellington, in New Zealand, and shortly afterwards, of a master’s thesis submitted to UWC. These two, coming from very different contexts, provided an interesting juxtaposition.
Cultural, social and political factors influencing the adoption of Digital Preservation Management in GhanaSource: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2016, pp 6 –20 (2016)More Less
Digital technologies are rapidly developing in Ghana, leading to the proliferation of digital materials including digital heritage resources. This phenomenon has long occurred in developed countries, where the risk of technological obsolescence and permanent loss of cultural heritage are major concerns. Ghana, as a developing country, faces an even greater range of challenges in effectively managing and preserving its digital heritage resources. This article is derived from a PhD study that explored the contextual factors affecting the adoption of digital preservation management (DPM) in Ghana. It focuses on the contextual factors that are hindering the adoption of DPM. An interpretive case research design, involving 27 semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders from 23 institutions, was used for the study. Aspects of Rogers’s (2003) Diffusion of Innovations (DOI) theory and Davies’s (2000) “Policy, Strategy and Resources” (PSR) troika model guided the research. In addition to cultural issues, political interference in DPM projects was found to be a critical factor hindering DPM adoption. Although a national ICT policy was identified as a potential enabler, lack of effective strategies and competition from alternative policies hindered progress. The study contributes to theoretical understandings in information systems research and provides Ghanaian policy developers with an empirical base for accelerating the adoption of DPM.
Source: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2016, pp 21 –38 (2016)More Less
The article reports on a study of the challenges facing a liberation archive which is attempting to digitise its collections and of how the Archive has responded to the challenges. The article is framed by the critical writing on digitisation which looks beyond the surface issues identified by technical and management research and uncovers the power contestations which arise as part of the digitisation process. It focuses particularly on whether the digitisation process alters the power relations within the Archive and between it and other role players within the South African context. The role-players include the state and the Archive’s external management, artefact copyright holders, digitisation vendors and organisations, and Archive users. The research investigates: the rationale for digitising archival collections; who the stakeholders in a digitisation project are, how they relate to each other and what the power relations between them are; the risks of digitisation; and the implications of selection of materials for digitisation. The research finds that personal connections, serendipity, ad-hoc behaviour, trust, distrust and the fear of exploitation has had an impact on the digitisation process; but concludes that the Archive has maintained its balance among competing interests to uphold its integrity.
The 25th of April Documentation Centre : recording a colonial past and enabling emancipatory researchAuthor Paula SequeirosSource: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2016, pp 39 –55 (2016)More Less
The article describes the history and activities of the 25th of April Documentation Centre (CD25A), at the University of Coimbra, Portugal. The Centre has an overt commitment to democracy and decolonisation. It deals with a history timeline starting with the opposition to Portuguese colonialism and the fascist dictatorship, crossing the transition to a democratic state and the Revolution of April 1974, and extending until the end of the 20th century. It is argued that, in digitally opening its collections and interacting with scientific research, journalism, literature and education, CD25A has played an important social and political role. Interviews with three of its users are analysed – which will serve as the basis of a larger investigation into the Centre’s value for research in Portuguese colonialism. It seems that the “research atmosphere”, created by its staff, is as important to researchers as its unique collections.
Source: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2016, pp 56 –72 (2016)More LessThe proliferation of smartphones, pocket cameras, and other inexpensive video devices has meant that “the practices of everyday life” (de Certeau 1984) might be captured and shared freely by amateur videographers. Cultural events (such as street performances as well as such acts of resistance as political rallies and spontaneous civil disobedience) are shared across social networks and uploaded to video hosting sites for the world to see. Not only have they altered news media, they have affected the broader information landscape by creating new and alternative narratives to traditional records of events. What role then do libraries, archives, museums, cultural centres and other cultural heritage and social memory organisations have in preserving acts of remembrance and resistance captured in amateur video recordings? Should they begin to work deliberately and aggressively to preserve them for future generations? Drawing heavily on ideas of memory and resistance conceptualized by Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o (2009) and using critical theory to examine efforts thus far to preserve and digitise cultural expressions and acts of political resistance, this paper explores these questions through the lens of street videography, citizen journalism, and incidental documentation of events. The paper begins by exploring the application of critical theory to concepts of memory and resistance; then shifts to three examples of videography made accessible through web video hosting sites; and concludes by returning to the original questions as they relate to libraries and other social memory organisations.
Source: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2016, pp 73 –88 (2016)More LessThe copyright exceptions for libraries and archives relating to the digital preservation of cultural heritage are inadequate in the laws of many countries. This is exacerbated by the problem of orphan works. Further impediments are posed by the use of technological protection measures to restrict access to content, including works consisting of a mixture of protected and unprotected (i.e., public domain) content. Previous studies also demonstrate that preservation of, and access to, digital community heritage through commercial mechanisms are often inadequate and are bounded by the contractual restrictions contained in end-user license agreements. This article discusses the ethical implications of the copyright vs. contract paradigm using a Rawlsian analysis of information equity. A final section recounts a recent preservation case study involving the digital collections of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries and demonstrates that, in particular circumstances, such digitisation efforts can be successful. While digitising allows documentation and preservation of the history and culture of ethnic groups and nationalities, it also presents challenges in determining ownership and proper description. These issues are highlighted from a practical standpoint, outlining how best practices are developed and how a risk analysis is necessary in determining unclear ownership. The article concludes with a list of recommendations based on both legal and ethical considerations that any revision to copyright law should consider.