Journal of Contemporary Management - latest Issue
Volume 14, Issue 1, 2017
Source: Journal of Contemporary Management 14, pp 1 –23 (2017)More Less
There has been extensive communication research conducted from a leader’s point of view regarding how leaders form an integral part in organisations but not a lot of research investigating leadership, and specifically leadership communication from the viewpoint of employees (i.e. specifically as followers).
The purpose of the study is to investigate employee perceptions of leadership communication. This was firstly done by conducting a literature review on key aspects and secondly through a newly developed e-mail survey questionnaire conducted with employees of different South African business organisations. Quantitative data was collected from three hundred and seventeen (317) employees as participants and the raw data was analysed using statistical computer software.
The findings of the study were reported through descriptive statistics and a factor analysis. The study revealed that South African employees perceive that leaders do not correctly utilise leadership communication and that leaders do not understand what it means to be a ‘communicating leader’. Organisations should therefore implement training and development programmes for all individuals within leadership positions which will develop communicating leaders that are aware of what they are lacking and where they can improve themselves within their organisational environments.
Testing for measurement invariance for employee engagement across different demographic groups in South AfricaSource: Journal of Contemporary Management 14, pp 24 –59 (2017)More Less
The purpose of this study was to assess the measurement invariance of the employee engagement instrument (EEI), as a factor of race and gender. Previous research has advised that existing engagement instruments cannot be used with confidence to make comparisons between different demographic groups in South Africa. Given the demographic differences between individuals, the focus of this study was to determine whether the instrument could be used with confidence among the mentioned demographic groups.
A quantitative research approach was followed in this study. The EEI was administered electronically to a sample of business people, who were representative of the South African working population. 4 099 completed questionnaires were received. Differential item functioning (DIF) was used to test for measurement invariance within an item response theory (IRT) framework.
The results revealed that the assumption for metric invariance does not hold across all six sub-scales. It was further found that the DIF for race is less problematic than for gender. Eight items demonstrated DIF across gender. The Organisational Commitment, Immediate Manager and Strategy and Implementation sub-scales demonstrated the highest degree of invariance for race.
Business imitations: the dearth of creativity and/or innovation? A case study of the Bulawayo Metropolitan Province, ZimbabweAuthor G.V. NaniSource: Journal of Contemporary Management 14, pp 60 –83 (2017)More Less
This article which is from a larger study originally conducted to investigate why businesses in the Bulawayo Metropolitan Province in Zimbabwe tended to imitate one another, sought to find out whether business imitations were an indication of the dearth of creativity and/or innovation.
Using purposive and snowball sampling techniques, 30 micro and small business entrepreneurs in the Bulawayo Metropolitan Province were selected to participate in the study. The study employed a qualitative approach which used face to face in-depth interviews for data collection. Thematic coding was employed for data analysis where similarities and patterns from the data around the phenomenon of business imitations were identified.
Results revealed that by imitating one another’s business ideas, micro and small entrepreneurs showed that they lacked creativity skills which entail coming up with original ideas. However, they were able to add value to the existing business ideas, an indication of innovation.
The study recommended that the government should create a conducive environment with adequate infrastructure; formulate appropriate policies on educational and skills development and provide requisite resources for the development of creativity and harnessing of innovation skills, to enable micro and small entrepreneurs to survive the global competition.