Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation - latest Issue
Volume 6, Issue 2, 2016
The influence of mentors’ gender on the psychosocial and career mentoring of women in the South African construction industrySource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1392 –1412 (2016)More Less
This paper examines the influence of gender on the psychosocial and career mentoring of women in the South African construction industry, assessing whether there are statistical significant differences in the mentorship provided, based on gender. A cross-sectional survey approach was adopted in the study; and a purposive sampling method was used to select the female mentees and mentors working in the construction industry. The data collected from this cohort of respondents – who are based in the nine provinces of South Africa – were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings suggest that gender plays no role in the successful mentorship of women, as there is no significant difference between the mentorship functions provided by either female or male mentors. Female mentees and mentors were selected independently to participate in the study. However, participants who were in matching mentoring relationships would have brought about improved results. The study provides new knowledge that there is no difference in the mentoring capacity based on gender in the South African construction industry, and that male and female mentors can produce the same level of success.There is no significant difference in the mentoring functions provided by male and female mentors to female mentees. This findings suggest that even though female mentees may be uncomfortable or feel disadvantaged in cross-gender mentorship relationships, these relationships provide the same mentoring benefits to females as those with the same gender. It is, therefore, recommended that female mentees enter crossgender relationships with open minds. The results of this study are limited by the smallness of the sample size. Therefore, further studies would be required to further validate these results. Female mentees and mentors who are in matching mentoring relationships should also be invited to participate in future studies.
Exclusion of contractors in construction contracts : an unrevealed risk in the construction IndustryAuthor Geraldine KikwasiSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1413 –1428 (2016)More Less
Contracting firms have been facing temporary and permanent exclusions from participating in tenders as result of not complying with Acts, rules and regulations of their respective countries. Exclusion intends to safeguard Governments and their citizens from unscrupulous contractors. This study seeks to determine risks associated contractors’ exclusion from participating in tenders. Using a descriptive research type, data were collected from a population of construction stakeholders. A selfadministered questionnaire, interviews, document reviews and literature review were used to collect data from randomly and purposely selected respondents. Quantitative data were analyzed by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) through descriptive statistics mainly frequencies and descriptive, and Relative Frequency Index (RFI). Findings reveal varying trends of exclusion from one year to another. The top nine high risks associated with contractors ‘exclusion are delay of project completion time; increase in project costs; unpleasant reaction from donors or financiers; deferral of organizations strategic plans, mission and visions; development leaping; contractor’s loss of potential staff; contractor’s bankruptcy; contractor’s financial crises; and diversion and misallocation of resources. This implies that despite the valid reasons leading to contractors’ exclusion, there are hidden risks. The paper concludes that exclusion exists with disparities across years, the practice that poses several risks to contractors, clients, consultants and the nation at large. The paper recommends that responsible organs should assess risks associated with exclusion before its implementation.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1429 –1446 (2016)More Less
Drawing on a review of developmental policies and programmes since post-independence era, the programme logic model (PLM) is accepted as a framework for addressing the research aim, which is to develop a framework for the developmental future of Nigeria. A Logic Model based 6-way heuristic evaluation framework featuring: problems/issues, stakeholders’ needs/assets, desired results, influential factors, strategies, and assumptions, were developed. This approach provided a schematic play-out of the feasibility of the evaluated programmes, and weights were assigned to the proposed strategies and their respective expected outcomes by target respondents and Bayes’ theorem was applied to the respondents’ scores.The findings showed that the strategies for a modest growth in the agricultural sector are provision of incentives for cash crops farming, institutionalising of agricultural practices and re-introduction of agricultural insurance scheme. The current contribution of the agricultural sector to the total GDP is approximately 23.86%. A modest and continuous increase can be expected if the proposed three strategies are implemented on a 3-4-3 basis. The strategies for a modest growth in the manufacturing sector are hastening the development of the infrastructure master plan and public private partnership with successful primary sector players. The current contribution of the manufacturing sector to the total GDP is approximately 4.1%. A modest and continuous increase can be expected if the proposed two strategies are implemented on a 4-6 basis. The strategies for a modest growth in the education sector are core implementation of science and technology based educational policies and innovation and management. The current contribution of the education sector to the total GDP is approximately 3.58%. The implication, therefore, is that there is urgent need to encourage ‘productive’ infrastructural development, which will jump start a knowledge based economy in the medium-term, and a serviced based economy in the long-term.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1447 –1459 (2016)More Less
Poor performance of construction projects is one of the major cause for concern in the construction industry. Many of the construction projects executed in Nigeria experienced several challenges ranging from simple to complex issues. This paper therefore, examines factors affecting the performance of construction projects, their effects on the economic development and the impact of the factors on the economic development of the nation. The study identified a set of factors believed to affect project performance through extensive review of literature which form the basis for questionnaire survey. A total of 200 questionnaires were self-administered to professionals in the Nigerian construction industry, out of which 148 were retrieved and considered fit for analysis. The survey findings indicate that the most important factors affecting project performance are: project design cost, project complexity, unavailability of resources, quality of equipment and raw materials, while ontime completion, client satisfaction and productivity were considered to be the main measures of construction project performances. Improvement in technology and extension of infrastructures, were the most important indices of economic development. It is recommended that project owners must work collaboratively with all the professionals involved in carrying out construction project in order to facilitate good performance. More so, stakeholders in the construction industry including professionals and regulatory bodies should be proactive in discharging their responsibilities bearing in mind the effect of construction project performance on economic development of the country.
Challenges to retrofitting and adaptation of existing building within the major central business district in GhanaSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1460 –1476 (2016)More Less
Adaptation and retrofitting of existing buildings in recent times has gained increasing recognition as an acceptable alternative to new buildings. The aim of this study was to identify the challenges to retrofitting and adaptation of existing buildings within the major central business district in Ghana. Questionnaires were distributed to clients, contractors and construction consultants within Accra, Kumasi and Sekondi-Takoradi Central Business Districts. Out of the 300 questionnaires administered, 55% of responsive rate was achieved. Data generated from the survey was analysed using mean score ranking to determine the level of severity regarding its significance. The high cost of adaptation and retrofitting process, poor maintenance culture of building owners, health and safety requirements during retrofitting, building tenants’ resistance to disruptive processes, inadequate government legislation among others were identified as some challenges to retrofitting and adaptation of existing buildings. It was therefore suggested that policy makers and practitioners should put in place measures for curbing such occurrences.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1477 –1487 (2016)More Less
The Construction Industry Development Board (cidb) register of contractors shows that small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) outnumber established firms in South Africa. However, the failure rate of SME businesses, which has increased in recent years, constitutes a source of concern in the industry. This situation is reflected in the limited number of successful construction SMEs as a percentage of the total registered firms in the industry. The research design for the study reported on entailed semi-structured and unstructured interviews, which were conducted over an extensive period of time to gather sufficient information from the research participants. However, the preliminary findings that form the nexus of this paper are based on the reviewed literature, and a pilot study that was conducted among a purposive sample of construction SMEs - Grades 1 to 5 on the cidb register. It is notable that the initial findings suggest that construction SMEs often encounter difficulty in securing projects, fail to realise core organisational objectives and goals, and are unable to gain cost advantages over their immediate rivals, which affects their business performance. Thus it appears that more effort is required to improve the business performance of construction SMEs in South Africa.