Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation - latest Issue
Volume 6, Issue 1, 2016
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6 (2016)More Less
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1310 –1329 (2016)More Less
The inadequate supply of skilled workforce in the Nigerian house construction sector has continued to retard the productivity of the sector and exacerbated the housing challenges of the country. Nigeria has a large and fast-growing population of over 140 million with an estimated growth rate of 3.2%. This has engendered increased investment in shelter provision; especially by individuals and families due to fast rising housing rents mainly in the urban centres. Previous policies have not adequately addressed the realities of the skills inadequacies in the sector and there remains a paucity of empirical studies into the dynamics that impact construction workforce supply in Nigeria. The fallout of this is manifested in the difficulties faced by developers in sourcing suitably qualified and experienced workmen for house construction projects. In response to this challenge, an upsurge of migrant artisans and craftsmen from neighbouring West African nations like Togo, Benin Republic and Ghana - into Nigeria has occurred in the recent times. This development is totally unacceptable as it exacerbates the overarching socio-economic problems in Nigeria, especially the already high unemployment rate which is estimated to be 23.9%. This study investigates the inadequate training of house construction artisans in South Western Nigeria; and it does so by employing a quantitative research survey. It canvassed the opinions of professionals and employers. The study evolves interventions and develops a strategic blueprint for resolving the workforce crisis in the house construction sector.
Condition assessment of student hostel building on campuses of federal universities in north-central NigeriaSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1330 –1338 (2016)More Less
Universities and many tertiary educational institutions in Nigeria are under pressure to preserve their built environment. The focus of this study is to assess the condition of on-campus hostel buildings at Nigerian public universities with the aim of generating information about the maintenance requirement of the buildings. Condition assessment is the most common method for measuring building performance and identifying maintenance needs of facilities. In the process, the efficiency of the current maintenance management strategies is determined. Primary data were generated with the aid of a condition survey guide and rating sheets. The results were computed in percentages and presented on bar charts. The assessment results revealed the conditions of the components within the hostel building at the three universities studied. The walls, floors and ceilings of the most of enclosed spaces such as the bedrooms, kitchens and washrooms are in various degrees of deterioration. In most of the bedrooms, there are minor cracks and worn-out finishing with evidence of inadequate routine maintenance. There are many doors and windows with major problems such as damaged locking devices or door handles. Cracked or broken window panes and door panels are common. The toilets and bathroom facilities are almost not operational and are in need of urgent major maintenance works. The building facades (ceilings, walls and floors) in the male and female hostels at university C are in good condition, signifying that the surfaces of the facades show slight soiling or discolorations or fading that affects mainly the aesthetic value of the buildings. Generally, the electrical and plumbing services at the hostels across all the universities studied are in poor conditions, some of the facilities were rated unsuitable for use.
Construction health and safety (H&S) performance improvement : are clients and consultants playing their part?Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1339 –1352 (2016)More Less
Performance improvement of Health and Safety (H&S) in the construction industry is invariably a result of a joint effort of the project team members. Clients and their consultants play an important role in ensuring that H&S is addressed throughout the project stages. The objective of the paper is to assess the roles of clients and consultants in improving H&S in the construction industry at the tendering and construction stages, and the pre-requisites thereto. Respondents were randomly selected from delegates of the Construction Industry Forum and data was collected using self-administered questionnaires and a review of literature. Findings indicate that with the exception of the role of ensuring that the contractor is complying with the H&S plan during construction, which is often done, other roles are fulfilled less frequently. Furthermore, it was revealed that those respondents that were more experienced in terms of H&S were more involved in H&S and contributed more to the improvement of H&S than those who were less experienced. The paper concludes that many consultants and their clients are not fully participating in H&S. The paper therefore recommends that current laws and regulations be reviewed and amended to include duties of clients and consultants, and that clients and consultants to be sensitized and empowered to fulfill their roles.
Source: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1353 –1362 (2016)More Less
The construction industry employees all over the world experience serious injuries and deaths due to accidents in complex high-risk systems. These incidents have been attributed to conditions in which an employee is working or his actions that can result in human error or an unsafe action. Adherence to safety regulations features among Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) contractors' in Ghana were confirmed through the use of a confirmatory factor analysis. Findings from the Structural Equation Modleing (SEM) analysis confirmed that the Rio coefficient and the Cronbach's alpha coefficient on the internal consistency were over 0.70 criteria for acceptability. The influence of adherence to safety regulations features on the Health and Safety (H&S) compliance was found to be statistically significant. Hence, strong in predicting H&S compliance among SMEs contractors'. The paper makes a significance contribution towards SMEs contractors' adherence to safety regulations. The paper provides a significant insight into how H&S compliance among SMEs contractors' adherence to safety regulations could be improved.
Author Joel Ochieng WaoSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1363 –1374 (2016)More Less
Quantity surveying profession has changed over time to adapt to the changing and increasing requirements of project owners. In the year 2007 to 2011, the construction industry experienced economic downturn causing uncertainty in the profession. This study examined the developmental trend of the quantity surveying profession in the construction industry to determine its future. The independent variable was the current level of satisfaction of quantity surveyors while the dependent variable was the future growth of the profession. The working hypothesis was that the profession would experience future growth. A survey questionnaire via Qualtrics online survey software was administered to quantity surveyors to determine their opinion of the profession. Data collected were analyzed using SAS v9.4 statistical analysis software. The results showed a greater level of satisfaction of quantity surveyors with the current developments in the profession. Further, the current level of satisfaction with the profession strongly correlated with the chances of growth of the profession, implying a greater likelihood of future growth in the roles of quantity surveyors in the next 10-15 years. Areas such as information technology and sustainable construction would favor the growth. Thus, the hypothesis was supported. Another finding was that females tended to be fewer in the profession. Thus, it was recommended that further research be conducted focusing on gender equality and propose ways to encourage women to join the quantity surveying profession. Overall, the study concluded that quantity surveyors should improve and diversify their roles more to provide greater value to project owners as the profession seemed promising.
Mental stress among civil engineering construction site agents and foremen in the Nelson Mandela May MetropoleSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1375 –1390 (2016)More Less
The construction industry as a whole has been suffering from mental stress due to a range of stressors imposed on the work force, resulting in behavioural habits which are not conducive to a healthy lifestyle, physical symptoms signalling burnout, chronic stress, and depression. An empirical study was conducted among medium to large civil engineering contractors in the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropole the sample stratum including site agents and foremen. The salient findings include: using unreliable and old tools, using dirty toilet facilites, and working on an untidy site are the most significant physical stressors; limited time spent with loved ones, tight deadlines, inadequate reward system, and work-life imbalance are the most significant organisational stressors; headaches, tense muscles, and smoking cigarettes are the most significant behavioural activities and physical sensations experienced; tired, weak and no energy, restless and on edge, and irritable are the most significant sensations of stress; feeling sad or down, restlessness, and decrease/increase in appetite are the most significant symptoms of depression. The objective of the study was to ascertain what stressors are imposed on a sample of site agents and foremen in the civil engineering sector of the construction industry. Further to the aforementioned, the study intended to identify what forms of strain, as also, the degree of stress and depression experienced by the work force. It can be concluded that a vast array of stressors negatively affect the civil engineering sector of the construction industry. Subsequently resulting in stress, depression, and mental/physical strain.
The impacts of the demographic characteristics of residents on the perception of quality of off-campus student accommodation in South-South, NigeriaSource: Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation 6, pp 1391 –1403 (2016)More Less
This study presents the findings of the evaluation of the impacts of the demographic characteristics of residents on the perception of quality of off-campus accommodation. It is limited to students who are currently residing in privately developed off-campus accommodation in selected universities, towns and cities in South-South, Nigeria. The data for this study were gathered between June and August, 2014 with the used of self-study structured questionnaire. A total of 520 respondents participated in the survey. The findings of the study revealed that though the demographic characteristics of students are essential in the determination of perception of quality of attributes of housing, the degree of influence differs among gender, age groups, income levels and the years of study of students. The influence of age, gender, income and year of study on the perception of quality of off-campus accommodation were also found to be statistically significant. The main implication of these findings is that investors in the student housing market can segment the development of off-campus accommodation to serve a selected demographic group(s).