Journal of Psychology in Africa - latest Issue
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Volume 13, Issue 2, 2003
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 13, pp 101 –117 (2003)More Less
The article investigates the injury rates and patterns reported in a peri-urban setting located in the Western Cape region of South Africa. Peri-urban South African settings are often marked by poverty, unemployment and crime. While there has been some injury research in metropolitan South Africa, there is a paucity of injury data for settlements on the periphery of the city centres. This article reports on a household study conducted in a cluster of peri-urban communities in the Western Cape. Over a one-year period up to June 1998,4.8 percent of the study population (95 percent confidence interval 3.9 percent to 5.8 percent) reported an injury. The majority of injuries were due to traffic crashes (23 percent), falls (18 percent), violence (17 percent), and burns (7 percent), with a further 17 percent due to other injuries such as poisoning and sports activities. Injuries were mostly sustained in the neighbourhoods themselves, and in or around the respondents' homes. High-risk times for injury were in the afternoons, over weekends, and over the months of April, October, June and December. Most injuries were sustained by males (69.79 percent) and in the 30 to 39 year and the birth to 4-year age groups. These neighbourhood injury risk profiles and indicators provide an information base for the development of injury and trauma prevention and containment initiatives, and may assist in the implementation of similar projects in other peri-urban settings.
Incidence and consequences of injury in a sample of a semi-urban and rural population in the Limpopo province, South AfricaSource: Journal of Psychology in Africa 13, pp 118 –132 (2003)More Less
This household-based study aimed at exploring factors related to injury, the mechanism of injury, the part of the body that got injured and type of injury, consequences and treatment for injury amongst 470 residents in a semi-urban and rural area in the Limpopo Province, South Africa. Results showed that the highest incidence of injury was amongst people in the age range of 20 -29 years, on a Saturday and in December. More than 75percent of injuries happened during daytime. Violence was the leading cause of injury, followed by traffic accidents. The leading mechanisms of injury by age group were bum for children aged 0 to 9 years, violence amongst the age group 10 to 39 years, traffic injury for the age group 30 to 59 years, and fall and laceration for the elderly. The rural injured people had higher costs for treatment and transport, spent more time on transportation and had a longer distance to travel for treatment than the injured from the semi-urban area. It is recommended that particularly amongst children and elderly care givers awareness of injury prevention is promoted. For the young adults injury prevention needs to be geared towards violence and traffic injury.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 13, pp 133 –147 (2003)More Less
This article examines the street children's life in the Sudan. It analyses the various threats that affect children and the causal factors that pushed them to refuge to the streets. The Sudan cultural, social and political situations have been reflected in the children's discussion of their daily life. The aims of this article were to determine the origins and perceptions of the street child problem; to explore the way in which children experience life in the streets; and to devise strategies to enable these children to develop optimally. The empirical investigation was undertaken by means of open interviews conducted among street children of Khartoum State. The findings of this study were revolving around the family pressure that mainly caused the displacement that was primarily caused by the civil war in the Sudan. The subjects of this study revealed information regarding the societal attitudes towards street children and the children's attitudes towards the society.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 13, pp 148 –165 (2003)More Less
The impact of variations in product price, size and quality on consumers' brand loyalty was investigated. The variations were constant price, 5 percent and 20 percent price increase. Size and quality were varied as constant, 5 percent and 20 percent decrease. Two hundred and seventy (270) students, randomly selected from Faculty of the Social Sciences, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, were participants. Brand loyalty scales were developed and standardized to measure consumers' loyalty to their preferred brand of bathing soap, before and after product variations. The design of the study was 3 x 3 x 3 factorial while the analysis of covariance was used to analyze consumers' post-manipulation brand loyalty, with pre-manipulation scores as the covariate. Product price and size did not have significant main effect oil brand loyalty, but product quality did with constant quality being the most superior. Price, size and quality of product variations significantly interacted in influencing brand loyalty with constant price and 5 percent reduction in size being the most favored at constant product quality. It was recommended that in response to increased cost of production, Nigerian manufacturers could vary product price and/or size while quality should be maintained; for the attainment of consumers' loyalty.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 13, pp 166 –185 (2003)More Less
Changing the behaviour of adolescents is a complicated process that is not well understood. Adult programmes designed to change the behaviour of adolescents usually depend upon a top-down approach and show little evidence of being successful. In this action research study a programme model using adolescent experiences and opinions was developed and implemented. The model was used to develop a programme that was delivered through the Straight Talk newspaper and Straight Talk clubs. The programme model was evaluated by a questionnaire, administered on a pre- and post-test basis using an intervention and control group. The results are presented and discussed. The programme model proved to be effective and is worthy of replication.
Source: Journal of Psychology in Africa 13, pp 186 –203 (2003)More Less
We introduce a case study which was diagnosted clinically and with Rorschach psychodiagnosis. The case didn't receive another treatment, only folk therapy, by two practicing folk therapists named Espiritismo Cruzado. The Rorschach psychodiagnosis is repeated and two summary responses descriptionbed, without the protocols for its extension, with their respective analysis. The case study is used to arrived at conclusions found from clinical psychology, cultural anthropology, and folk psychiatry.