Journal of Management & Administration - latest Issue
Volume 2016, Issue 1, 2016
Author Ankit KatrodiaSource: Journal of Management & Administration 2016, pp ii –iii (2016)More Less
As the new Editor-in-Chief of the JMA, I am enthused and proud to present the first issue of 2016. I am also pleased to announce that since the beginning of 2016, there have been a few changes to the JMA. First, and perhaps most importantly, we have instituted a three year plan to have the JMA accredited by the South African Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET). Our plan is largely focused on aligning our processes with the rigorous quality standards specified by the DHET.
Source: Journal of Management & Administration 2016, pp 1 –35 (2016)More Less
The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable measure for Employment Relations Quality Levels (ERQL). ERQL refers to assimilated subjective subordinate perceptions on the levels of compliance, fairness, good faith and trust related behaviour that their supervisors display before, during or after distinctive employment relationship related exchanges in their supervisory relationship. The researchers conducted a literature review on the nature of employment relationship exchanges in supervisory relationships, and developed a draft ERQL questionnaire. This questionnaire was used to measure ERQL of 454 subordinate employees in the Tshwane region, and responses were captured and analysed in SPSS. The Cronbach's alpha value of 0,961, confirmed that the consistency and reliability of the measure was far higher than adequate. An exploratory factor analysis also confirmed that the 20 questionnaire items were strongly related to each other as well as the central ERQL construct, with highly desirable factor loadings ranging from 0.573 to 0.851. Limitations of the study were discussed, and recommendations for future related research were made in conclusion.
An investigation of the challenges faced by women when progressing into leadership positions : a case of the IT division at Barclays Africa Technology (trading as ABSA)Source: Journal of Management & Administration 2016, pp 36 –71 (2016)More Less
The current study sought to identify the challenges women experience when progressing into senior leadership positions within the IT division at Barclays Africa Technology - ABSA. A qualitative research design was deployed using interviews with thirteen women in leadership positions to determine the challenges in upward mobility and progression. The research findings indicated that the progression of women is affected by social/cultural beliefs, stereotypes, personal barriers, networking, tokenism, selection, culture, mentorship and work-life balance. The findings also exposed that women at times may be willing not to progress to the next level because they do not want additional responsibilities. The trend not to progress to leadership is a deliberate choice that is attributed to the need to balance work and family life. The implications for the design of empowerment programmes are discussed.
Author Claudine HingstonSource: Journal of Management & Administration 2016, pp 72 –82 (2016)More Less
The often held belief that African women are born to be followers and not leaders serves as the impetus for this paper. Though a demeaning ideology for African women, it hardly comes as a surprise in light of the fact that leadership within the political, social, cultural and economic arena in Africa is highly male dominated. When one considers the fact that Africa has a reputation for bad and ineffective leadership and that research has shown that women have been acclaimed to be good and effective leaders, the fact that women are relegated to the background in the leadership process within the African continent becomes problematic. In essence, Africa is losing essential and effective leadership skills that can positively contribute to the continent's development. This situation is therefore worthy of academic engagement to analyse the situation and argue for more African women to be placed in leadership positions. This paper is a qualitative one and it employs an interpretivist paradigm. It is also written from a feminist standpoint epistemology as it provides a platform to highlight the challenges of African women in attaining and maintaining leadership. Highlighting these challenges is crucial for interrogating the power dynamics in Africa.
An empirical study on importance of partnership between business communities and rural schools : a case study of the Oliver Tambo (O.R) MunicipalitySource: Journal of Management & Administration 2016, pp 83 –106 (2016)More Less
The study sought to establish how business communities can partner with rural schools in the Republic of South Africa. The focus here was on the perceived benefits of partnership between the rural communities and the rural schools in the O.R. Tambo Municipality of South Africa, challenges in its implementation and how these challenges could be addressed to help the country's economic growth and development. The aim of this study was to investigate how business communities in the region could help these rural schools to function effectively, as well as improve the lifestyle of its residents within the municipality. A survey design, which was fundamentally quantitative in nature, was used for data gathering. The data-collection strategies for the purpose of this study included closed-ended questionnaires and were presented using frequencies, tables and charts. Population (N=144) comprised 45 teachers, 16 business owners and 83 learners. The study revealed that the issue of infrastructure and general school facilities such as classrooms, science laboratories, a library, computers, renovations, feeding programs and finance for disadvantaged learners were the areas in which learners needed support from the local business communities. There was also the problem of the lack of motivation of teachers in rural schools who needed support in training and professional development centres within rural school areas. Regarding assistance, the business communities were willing to contribute to the provision of the school infrastructure, invest in students by way of financial assistance to disadvantaged learners and feeding programs for needy learners. Recommendations with a view to giving support to rural schools learners, were made.
Diversity and primary employment relationship satisfaction levels of employees in two South African cities : myths and realitiesSource: Journal of Management & Administration 2016, pp 107 –127 (2016)More Less
South African society and workplaces are riddled with challenges related to race, gender, age and political differences, which subsequently created opportunities for the development of numerous related, but mostly unsubstantiated organisational myths. Such myths may cause or contribute to undesirable organisational behaviour forms and outcomes. The primary objective of this paper was therefore to investigate the extent to which a number of demographic variables moderate primary employment relationship satisfaction (PERS) levels of a sample of employees from two South African cities. 545 respondents participated in a voluntarily questionnaire survey. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied to investigate the statistical significance of differences in PERS levels of different groupings within the sample group. A number of differences between PERS levels of different sample groups were investigated. Eight myths were dispelled and two realities were identified.
Author Joel Marumo MosenogiSource: Journal of Management & Administration 2016, pp 128 –137 (2016)More Less
Application of Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) in the study has enabled the insightful analysis of the relationship between construction industry, economic growth and household income in South Africa. Construction sector plays a key role in the economy as it results in infrastructure stock/capital accumulation which leads to increased economic social and economic activities. Construction industry further contributes to employment, household income and economic growth.
Source: Journal of Management & Administration 2016, pp 138 –152 (2016)More Less
Service delivery protests have in past years become a frequent occurrence in South African municipalities. Socio-economic realities and ever-increasing despondency with the fruits of a democratic dispensation, which did not yield the expected result, may exacerbate the situation. Yet, as much as service delivery protests are prevalent throughout, it is notable that in the City of Tshwane, the frequency thereof seems much less, and when prevalent of a lesser intensity. The Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality (known as the City of Tshwane) is the third largest municipality (measured by land mass) in the world. It has a population of almost 3 million.
The relatively low incidence of service delivery protests may warrant research into the reasons therefor. It is observed that to reach scientifically plausible conclusions, much research, approached from multiple angels, which take into account amongst others sociological, economic, public administrative factors and demographic configurations into account. However, as part of an initial venture into researching this question, key senior managers of the City who are responsible for key services were interviewed. The results suggest that service delivery has improved significantly since the formation of the Municipality in the post-democratic dispensation's formation in 1994. This supposition is as a result of analysing the way in which the City of Tshwane vigorously pursue five pre-defined principal drivers of managing quality as stated in the Integrated Development Planning (IDP) namely: Batho Pele, Revenue Management, Outcomes-based, Performance Management and Regional Approaches. In light of these results consumers are, by and large, satisfied with service delivery. The findings generate useful insights about how municipalities can enhance the quality of service delivery. The paper identifies areas for further research.