Journal of Public Administration - latest Issue
Volumes & issues
Volume 51, Issue 3, 2016
Author Mashupye H. MaserumuleSource: Journal of Public Administration 51, pp 334 –335 (2016)More Less
Groundbreaking research and great ideas, at the cutting edge of scholarship, grace the pages of scholarly publications, and are all critically important for strategic insights to optimise the state. Especially in relation to local government, an impressive body of literature is surging. Featured in this September edition of the Journal of Public Administration are articles on local government, which are research-based, examining various aspects of local governance. They follow the thematic trail of those that appear in the 2016 March edition of this Journal and many others. One of the most gratifying moments of the editor is to interact with the ideas that can optimise the state. But, are they really and fully put to use? If so, why is the management of public affairs in a shambles, especially in the local sphere of governance?
Source: Journal of Public Administration 51, pp 336 –349 (2016)More Less
The State and Local Government's Joint Account management has been problematic in Nigeria since its advent in the 1976 local government reforms that heralded the democratic dispensation of 1979, and its eventual inclusion in the 1979 Constitution. Using available secondary data, this paper examines the challenges of the Joint Account in Nigeria's revenue sharing and democratisation process. The authors make the claim that the introduction of the Joint Account, which bears unmistakable semblance with the British Colonial local administrative structure, stifles both the democratic process and the development of the federal state of Nigeria. This is mainly because of the historical route that Nigeria's federal system has followed in its development, from serving the colonial authorities' interests, to later military interventions in Nigerian politics and the subsequent politicisation of the process of state and local government creation and administration. As a consequence, local government in Nigeria has not been able to function in its full capacity as the third tier of government. The study concludes that the Joint Account increases corruption in the country and has developed into an avenue for the state governors' interference and undue control of local government officials. In fact, local councils have been rendered financially impotent, as they hardly receive enough funds from the Joint Account to carry out meaningful developmental projects to the benefit of the people.
Solid waste management in South Africa : a case of Alice in Nkonkobe Local Municipality, Eastern Cape ProvinceSource: Journal of Public Administration 51, pp 350 –360 (2016)More Less
The strategic placement of dustbins is vital in order to minimise illegal waste disposal, enhance the efficiency of solid waste management and prevent undesirable and negative effects on human health and the environment. The purpose of this article is to strengthen waste management activities in the town of Alice through the mapping of the physical infrastructure, which has a direct or indirect impact on waste management. This is essential for municipal solid waste management decision-making, including sitting and collection route planning and dumps clean-up. The spatial positions of physical infrastructure were produced from the integration of the Geographic Information System (GIS) and the Global Positioning System (GPS) data. The integration of GIS and GPS presented a platform to capture, map and analyse spatial solid waste issues. The findings reflect that poor solid waste management in Alice is a result of the inefficient provision of disposal facilities. The study concludes that there is a need for the local municipality to prioritise issues of solid waste management. The solid baseline data on physical infrastructure mapping should be used to create dialogue and trust with multi-stakeholders to address waste management strategies in Alice.
Performance management systems and productivity : an analysis of the perceptions of stakeholders of the Vhembe District Municipality in Limpopo, South AfricaSource: Journal of Public Administration 51, pp 361 –375 (2016)More Less
The study sought to establish the extent to which the district municipalities' performance management system impacted on service delivery in local municipal communities. The quantitative approach was adopted in the present study. The study used a structured questionnaire to collect data from a sample of 70 human resource officials, political office bearers, administrators and political structures. The findings show that regular monitoring may improve the performance management system of the municipal activities resulting in improved productivity and profitability. The findings of the study reflect that financial constraints affect the employees' performance. The study recommends that Vhembe District Municipality (VDM) develop fundraising strategies to generate funds to enable the employees to perform their assignments.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 51, pp 376 –390 (2016)More Less
Performance Monitoring and Evaluation Systems (PM&Es) are continuously increasing and are being used worldwide by organisations to track progress, and to measure and evaluate the outcomes of their projects. This article investigates the effectiveness and efficiency of PM&Es in local government in South Africa. Best practices are explored from various international practices used by organisations and from other countries who instituted PM&Es. The PM&E process is used to address past inequitable policies and evaluate future practices in government to further promote accountability and good governance. The conclusions are drawn and the recommendation from this study may also be applicable to any level of government, as well as the private sector. Against this backdrop, the study recommends the speedy implementation of PM&Es through the formulation of appropriate systems designed with baseline information to formulate indicators that are distinct and tangible to measure. As a result of strict and routine follow-ups on the implementation of PM&Es, findings can be used for multi-disciplinary purposes. Accordingly, a specialist services unit for PM&E should be established to cater for the technical challenges in the design and implementation of effective and efficient PM&Es.
Implementation of a performance management system as a driver for improved service delivery : a case study of Makhuduthamaga Local MunicipalityAuthor Mphihleng P. MagoroSource: Journal of Public Administration 51, pp 391 –398 (2016)More Less
This study looks at the implementation of the performance management system in the Makhuduthamaga Local Municipality. This is because all municipalities in South Africa are required to implement performance management systems in order to improve service delivery to local communities. It looks at the literature on performance management and also the link between performance management and service delivery. The study followed a qualitative approach. Questionnaires were used for data collection. The findings of the research indicate that there is a different understanding of what performance management is amongst the respondents, which could be seen as one of the barriers to the implementation of the performance management system of the municipality. It is recommended that the municipality provides training to all employees in order to equip them with the skills required to successfully implement the municipality's performance management system.
Community participation and integrated development planning : a case study of Aganang Local Municipality in South AfricaSource: Journal of Public Administration 51, pp 399 –407 (2016)More Less
In contemporary times, most governments are condemned to function under conditions of severe financial constraint, exacerbated by global financial markets that are becoming increasingly volatile and contagious in nature. Thus, over and above exhaustible efforts of governments to raise increasingly evasive financial capital for development, other innovative measures need to be explored. Community participation is one such measure; and integrated development planning another. This article aims at assessing the extent to which community participation (CP) and Integrated Development Planning (IDP) processes may contribute to improved development outcomes in local government in South Africa. Aganang Local Municipality (in Limpopo, in South Africa) is taken as the case study. The focus of the study is not on proving the relationship between participation and development, as this is assumed to be common knowledge that is widely accepted in the bulk of the literature. Instead, the study moves to gauge the level and efficacy of community participation in the selected municipality, and proffers the implications thereof for its development.
Violent service delivery protests - the challenge of maintaining law and order : a case of the Nelson Mandela Bay MunicipalitySource: Journal of Public Administration 51, pp 408 –422 (2016)More Less
This article examines police brutality in the light of violent service delivery protests within the context of the Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality (NMBM) in the Eastern Cape. This municipality is selected, primarily, because protests in the NMBM are caused by a lack of, or the slow pace of service delivery, corruption and cadre deployment, and because they are characterised by violence. This article employs a qualitative literature assessment method. The researchers examine the issue in question through the theoretical lens of human needs theory. The main argument of this article is that police officers are not sufficiently trained in crowd management techniques to manage protests at the local government level. Against this background, the confrontations that take place between protesters and the police frequently result in bloodshed, looting, throwing of stones, burning of tyres, and the use of tear gas and stun grenades. Moreover, police brutality poses a threat to the available resources such as buildings, roads, schools, clinics and other public services. There is a gap in the body of knowledge on national security and police brutality at local government level. This article is aimed at filling this gap, with reference to the ongoing debate on violent service delivery protests in South Africa.
Revenue collection in South Africa : a comparative analysis of South African Revenue Services and the South African municipalitiesSource: Journal of Public Administration 51, pp 423 –435 (2016)More Less
This paper makes a comparative analysis of the strategies used by the South African Revenue Services (SARS) in South Africa in comparison to revenue collection strategies used by South African municipalities in the same country. Revenue collection is the chock of any country's economic stability. SARS is a good model for revenue collection in South Africa and enables the government to meet citizens' needs through collected revenues. This paper is conceptual in nature and it uses qualitative research means from literature to argue that South African municipalities can learn lessons from SARS in order to increase their revenue base to serve their clients. In comparison, SARS' strategies are effective and have, over the years, exceeded the set revenue collection targets, while those of the municipality are ineffective, as they struggle to collect revenue, which results in a large debtors' book. The paper does, however, acknowledge that the two institutions operate on different legislative levels and frameworks, and, therefore, concludes that only selected applicable strategies used by SARS can be applicable for revenue collection in municipalities.
Local Government Administration in Post-Apartheid South Africa: Some Critical Perspectives, M.P. Sebola (Ed.) : book reviewAuthor Rasodi K. ManyakaSource: Journal of Public Administration 51, pp 436 –441 (2016)More Less
This book is published by a relatively unknown publishing company. I am deliberately using 'relatively unknown', because a simple Google search does not seem to show that this is a well-established company. Nonetheless, this is beside the point. What is important is that those in academia should welcome the fact that emerging, and possibly black-owned, companies are appearing to contest for a space in the publishing industry. Quality in scholarship is sacrosanct. I am saying this because of various infractions in the book, including its technical layout. Kudos for the dust cover! Perhaps of particular importance is the subtitle, Some Critical Perspectives. This grabbed my attention. Critical perspectives are what the country needs to shape theoretical and policy discourses. Does the book live up to the expectations?