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Management Dynamics : Journal of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists - latest Issue
Volume 25, Issue 4, 2016
Source: Management Dynamics : Journal of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists 25, pp 2 –18 (2016)More LessModern-day organisations face rapid and continuous change. In order to deal with this rapidly changing and current hostile economic environment, most organisations have become increasingly dependent on a healthy and engaged workforce. As a result of the direct and indirect organisational costs associated with work wellness, the total well-being of the individual worker has become the focal point of many organisational interventions. Although work wellness is a multifaceted and continuously evolving concept, most studies have adopted either a pathological or a salutogenic (positive) perspective when examining the construct. Congruent with current thinking in vocational psychology, a balanced model of work wellness was conceptualised in this study, containing both salutogenic (work engagement) and pathological (burnout) constructs. Strong empirical support was found for the proposed balanced model of work wellness based on data collected from a sample of 854 employees working across various sectors of the South African economy.
The influence of different fear appeal approaches and gender on young generation Y consumers’ protection motivation responsesSource: Management Dynamics : Journal of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists 25, pp 19 –33 (2016)More Less
Efforts to change dysfunctional social behaviour such as smoking and alcohol drinking-and-driving has been the focus of considerable research attention in attempts to prevent or at least reduce the occurrence and re-occurrence of dysfunctional behaviour. Despite these efforts, many questions remain. One of them is the effectiveness of fear-based appeals in social communication campaigns as years of research have still not produced conclusive evidence as to whether this communication approach is successful in modifying dysfunctional behaviour. One reason why the use of fear appeal effectiveness has been called into question is the defensive reactions that fearbased messages may arouse. To reduce the occurence of these defensive mechanisms, the use of a new fear appeal approach in social communication campaigns has been suggested, namely question-based warnings.
The primary objective of this study was to investigate whether different fear appeal framing approaches (question-based vs statement-based framing) and gender would influence relatively young generation Y consumers’ protection motivation differently when exposed to an anti-drinking-and-driving campaign. The results revealed that statement-based warnings evoked greater feelings of vulnerability, self-efficacy perceptions and behavioural intent amongst females than question-based warnings. In the case of the males, however, the type of fear appeal approach used is inconsequential as different fear appeal approaches do not influence their protection motivation responses differently.
Source: Management Dynamics : Journal of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists 25, pp 34 –51 (2016)More LessThis study investigated the relationships between the personal psychological resources of optimism and selfefficacy, and their apparent effect on the ability of an individual to experience meaningful work (manifested in engagement with the task and commitment to the organisation), to assess their combined effect on employee subjective well-being (i.e. better psychological health and more work-life satisfaction). Drawing on Fredrickson’s broaden-and-build theory (1998), it was argued that, on their own and in conjunction with each other, these variables are rooted in a similar framework that might elicit positive emotions to establish and maintain durable, long-term, subjective well-being. A structural model of subjective well-being at work was conceptualised and tested. A cross-sectional dataset (N = 202), obtained from employees at three organisations in South Africa, was used to fit the structural model using structural equation modelling. The goodness-of-fit results for both the measurement and the structural models were satisfactory. The results suggested that optimism directly influences psychological health. The relationship between optimism and subjective well-being (i.e. psychological health and satisfaction with work-life) was further highlighted by means of an indirect effect, mediated by a combination of work engagement and organisational commitment (i.e. meaningfulness). The structural model results revealed that no significant paths were evident between self-efficacy and any of the other variables. Practically, the results highlight the vital role of optimism in experienced subjective well-being, and suggest that investing in interventions to increase optimism in employees might well be justified.