Mental Health Matters - latest Issue
Volume 3, Issue 5, 2016
Nihil de nobis, sine nobis.
Attempts to limit the scope of practice for educational psychologists - the ongoing battle : editorialAuthor Martin StrousSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 1 –3 (2016)More Less
Author Brian BlemSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 7 –9 (2016)More Less
There is no doubt that we live in a highly competitive world. Whilst competition may be argued to be a necessary and an inevitable part of life, it is the level of competition in society, and the associated pressures, that drive so many of the illnesses that health professionals are dealing with on a daily basis. And so the antidote to competition and its effects must surely be a healthier form of human encounter and interaction, namely: collaboration.
Author Laila ParukSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 10 –11 (2016)More Less
Anxiety is most commonly treated with Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) and Selective Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs), as a first line. These are often preferred because the risk for dependence and abuse is minimal. However, these classes of medication take up to four-six weeks to work, so they cannot be taken 'when needed'.
Author Eleanor HolzapfelSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 12 –14 (2016)More Less
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been understood for a long time to only affect children and adolescents and have little or no impact in adulthood. Research and clinical experience, however has shown that children do not grow out of ADHD and about two thirds of children with ADHD will become adults with ADHD.
The general prevalence of ADHD in the general adult population is between 2.5% - 5%; of this, less than 20% of adults with ADHD are diagnosed and or treated. Under diagnosed and or untreated ADHD can lead to far reaching consequences in childhood, adolescence and adulthood.
Author Antoinette MiricSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 23 –26 (2016)More Less
Individuals with bipolar disorder recover and function well when they have a support network on which they can rely. This network can include family members, friends, family doctors and other mental health professionals. It is important therefore, for general practitioners to educate and inform the patient's 'support network' on how to support family members with bipolar mood disorder.
Author Jasmin KooverjeeSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 28 –30 (2016)More Less
Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is a new diagnosis in the DSM 5. It should not be confused with overeating, which we all do at certain points. Anyone can have a BED regardless of their age, race, sex or weight. There is no single cause of BED, but usually there are several emotional, circumstantial or genetic factors that are interlinked. BED is also linked with other psychiatric disorders such as Depression, Bipolar Mood Disorder etc.
Author Eileen ThomasSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 32 –34 (2016)More Less
In South Africa, where crime and violence such as physical and sexual assault, hijacking and domestic violence are part and parcel of everyday life, post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD) is common in the general population, negatively affecting a large number of people - from children and adolescents to adults and the elderly. So says Dr Eileen Thomas, psychiatrist affiliated to Akeso Psychiatric Clinic in Milnerton, Cape Town as well as the Department Psychiatry and Mental Health (Division Consultation Liaison) of the University of Cape Town at Groote Schuur Hospital. According to Health24.com, rates of PTSD of around 20% have been documented in studies in youth and in patients attending clinics.
Author Candice CowenSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 40 –42 (2016)More Less
The ending of an intimate relationship between adults who share a child or children is a complex and multifaceted process characterised by multiple stressors. It presents the divorcing family with the task of dealing with the physical and emotional losses and changes as a result of the divorce. This process becomes even more stressful and complex when separating and divorcing parents experience high degrees of conflict regarding matters related to the care and contact of their children.
Author Hemant NowbathSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 44 –46 (2016)More Less
Tales of woe continue to occupy columns of newspapers and popular magazines as the gloom surrounding the seemingly lost war on addiction spreads. The human interest stories reflect the pathos and the tragedy of the horrific consequences of addiction... Individual lives destroyed, families struggling to cope, communities suffering as addicts engage in criminal behaviour to fund their habit.
Author Anitha GangaramSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 49 –52 (2016)More Less
Being pregnant and having a child is meant to be an exciting and joyous experience. And for most women, it is. For some however, such times are marred by the dark cloud of depression, and the term perinatal depression is often used to describe this unfortunate occurrence.
Author Noluthando MojalefaSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 59 –60 (2016)More Less
The birth of a child is a time that brings joy, happiness and life to the parents and the extended family at large. Motherhood appears to be wonderful and the bond between mother and child is admirable. Unfortunately no one tells you the tough side of this life-changing event. No one tells you that you will be completely consumed with the baby, hardly have time to take a shower, that a baby doesn't come with a manual, that you constantly have to feed, change, burp the baby and try and put them down to sleep all day long. No one tells you how hard the sleepless nights are. No one tells you that maternity leave is not a holiday where you will have a leisurely time bonding with your baby.