Mental Health Matters - latest Issue
Volume 3, Issue 6, 2016
World Psychiatric Association's international congress in Cape Town - 18-22 November 2016 : setting a new course for psychiatry in the community : editorialAuthor Bernard Janse van RensburgSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 3 –7 (2016)More Less
The World Psychiatric Association (WPA) and the South African Society of Psychiatrists (SASOP) are hosting the WPA-International Congress in Cape Town, at the CTICC from 18-22 November 2016, with the theme: "Psychiatry: Integrative Care for the Community". The congress president will be Prof Dinesh Bhugra from the United Kingdom, current WPA President and the congress director will be the current SASOP President, Dr. Mvuyiso Talatala.
Source: Mental Health Matters 3 (2016)More Less
SAMA has joined growing calls for the resignation of Gauteng Health MEC, Qedani Mahlangu, following the deaths of 36 psychiatric patients after they were moved from Life Esidimedis psychiatric facilities to various NGO's in the province. SAMA's call coincided with an open letter by several civil society groups in which they describe the department's actions as a violation of the Constitutions commitment to protect the most vulnerable members.
Author Ronnie CreasySource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 15 –17 (2016)More Less
How does one understand the symptoms of schizophrenia?
One of the basic problems in the diagnosis of schizophrenia is that there is no definitive medical test. One relies on patient/doctor dialogue to a great extent. A patient who is affected by the stigma of mental illness is often in denial, and that is where much of the problems associated with treatment originate.
Source: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 23 –25 (2016)More Less
Source: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 29 –31 (2016)More Less
Long-term alcohol abuse can increase a person's risk of developing epilepsy. Many persons with epilepsy have an increased risk of seizures after consuming three or more alcoholic beverages. Research indicates that adults with epilepsy may have one or two alcoholic beverages a day without any worsening of their seizures or changes in the blood levels of their antiepileptic medications.
Author Michael LippertSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 32 –34 (2016)More Less
In the last decade, the dramatic impact of sleep disturbances in children with ADHD has received much attention. And the results are all the same: too little shut-eye wreaks havoc in countless ways. We far too readily give in to sleep-thieves, and reap the consequences. What's important to remember is that sleep is of the brain, for the brain.
Author Anthony KollerSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 38 –40 (2016)More Less
What is burnout?
The term burnout seems to have entered common usage during the 1970s and is attributed to Freudenberger who defined it as a state of emotional exhaustion that occurs in workers who deal in public service. Later, two researchers, Maslach and Jackson, further clarified the concept of burnout in the Maslach Burnout Inventory manual as "a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and reduced personal accomplishment that can occur among individuals who work with people in some capacity". This has remained the accepted definition among most of the research literature on burnout with some slight revisions along the way. Emotional Exhaustion refers to the complete draining of one's emotional reserves often accompanied by physical and mental fatigue. Depersonalisation, sometimes used interchangeably with cynicism, refers to the negative, sometimes harsh, attitude that the burnt out individuals can develop towards clients treating them in an impersonal, detached manner. Reduced Personal Accomplishment refers to the feelings of inadequacy and incompetence in one's work that the individual with burnout eventually begins to experience. Although not specific to healthcare workers, the Maslach Burnout Inventory is the most widely accepted assessment tool for measuring the degree of burnout in an individual. After further testing and research by others over the years the Maslach Burnout Inventory is considered a valid measurement of the burnout construct.
Author Peet VermaakSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 47 –50 (2016)More Less
Insomnia is the most common sleep complaint. It's a perception that sleep quality is inadequate or non-restorative, despite the adequate opportunity to sleep. That insomnia is a symptom, not a disease, is important to note; it's associated with a variety of medical, psychiatric, and sleep disorders. A comprehensive history and physical examination are essential to determine the etiology of the insomnia.