Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies - latest Issue
Volumes & issues
Volume 44, Issue 1, 2016
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44 (2016)More Less
Missiology is always in dialogue with various other theological and social scientific disciplines. This is a world-wide, global conversation. In future it will become critical for Missionalia to also provide an open platform for this kind of scholarly dialogue. We must grow wings for this challenge. Klippies Kritzinger, one of our previous editors, however always remind us to remain winged as well as rooted. We are rooted in and do our work from a specific African context, or at least, we are wrestling with questions that emerge from our continent. This new edition embody this identity.
Hope in the midst of Death
Charismatic spirituality, healing evangelists and the Ebola crisis in Sierra LeoneAuthor Joseph Bosco BanguraSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 2 –18 (2016) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7832/44-1-113More Less
The Ebola crisis that crippled West Africa from December 2013 onwards is a watershed moment in the medical history of those nations. Ebola profoundly impacted the regions inadequate healthcare, obstructed the potential for socioeconomic development, and challenged long held traditional and religious beliefs. As the tragedy deepened, the world could not stand idly by and observe poor post-war nations being overwhelmed by a colossal health catastrophe. By the time Ebola was contained, this obnoxious monster had taken an estimated 11,315 lives in the three worst affected countries. Even though medical connoisseurs were at the forefront of the battle, healing evangelists drawing inspiration from Scripture, African culture and Charismatic spirituality, also provided perspectives in the fight against Ebola. This article reviews the response of healing evangelists and discusses how the overall spirituality of Charismatic Movements inspired hope in the midst of death.
Author Pieter VersterSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 19 –33 (2016) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7832/44-1-78More Less
In 2 Corinthians 5:1-10, Paul uses different methods to explain his view on life after death. He uses the metaphors of a tent, a building, clothing and being at home with God. It is clear that Paul accepted that the future with God is certain and that he will receive a building from God in heaven even though he may die. There is life with God even before the final resurrection. A life of bliss is assured for those who believe in God. This has implications for missions, namely that the future with God is ascertained.
Christian mission in creative tension with African worldview(s)
A post-colonial engagement regarding life after death and ancestrySource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 34 –49 (2016) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7832/44-1-89More Less
Christian mission in African context, especially in the post-colonial era, can no longer afford to turn a blind eye to the fact that it co-exists with the African traditional religion(s). This article deals with the creative tension that exists between Christian mission and African worldview(s) in the area of life after death. In this article we presuppose more than a mere dialogue between ideas or individuals or denominations, but the encounter of different praxes. This article concludes that the dead in the worldviews are not dead; they continue to live in a different form and they continue to speak from the grave even though their praxes differ.
Author Anthony CourtSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 50 –67 (2016) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7832/44-1-106More Less
The churches in Rwanda have exercised considerable political influence during both the colonial and post-colonial periods. Although formally autonomous institutions subordinate to the state, in actuality they have cultivated political influence through their religious teachings and secular role as the loci of material and social resources. However, there is at least one key factor, which has contributed to their fluctuating political influence within Rwanda. During the colonial period, the dominant Catholic Church functioned within a colonial regime of indirect rule, predicated on sustaining the political authority of a Tutsi-dominated Central Court presiding over the territories roughly contiguous with the present-day republic. This threefold division of power and authority acted as a brake upon the hegemonic ambitions of the Church, the royal house and the colonial administrators. Following the abolition of the monarchy in 1961, the structure of political power and authority of the state was fundamentally transformed, clearing the way for the emergence of a 'state church' whose political role in the two Hutu dominated post-colonial republics would have significant historical implications. In this essay, I argue that it was this structural transformation of the Rwandan polity - marking the shift from a trilateral to a dual relationship between state and Church -, which contributes to our understanding of how the Church became embroiled in the mass violence and genocide in the twentieth century Rwandan polity.
Author Andrew G. SudermanSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 68 –84 (2016) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7832/44-1-110More Less
The Christian church's expansive zeal has often, throughout its history, walked hand-in-hand with the colonial pursuits of empires and nation-states. This cooperative approach between church and empire, which has been described as a Christendom or Constantinian paradigm, has not only implicated the church in the oppression and violent exploitation of people, but, because this paradigm has shaped the church's ecclesial and missiological imagination, such violent and oppressive tendencies are perpetuated. This paper will argue that, in order to break free from such an understanding, we need to reimagine how we understand our ecclesial being and missional purpose. In remembering what it means to be "witnesses" of Jesus Christ in the early church, an understanding which, because of the lifestyle it required, was intimately connected with the very real possibility of becoming a martyr, we are challenged by this alternative paradigm to reimagine our ecclesial being and missional purpose. This alternative imagination, based on a self-sacrificial paradigm of power, changes the very nature and "witness" of the church and its mission.
Missionising youth identity crisis
Towards a missional hermeneutic of coping in youth ministry practiceSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 85 –102 (2016) http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/dx.doi.org/10.7832/44-1-141More Less
The intention of this paper is to interpret the ontological conditions of youth identity crisis missionally. This is first done by conceptualising identity crisis as a psychological phenomenon using frameworks of authenticity and attachment to explain the impact of early attachment abuse, abandonment depression, attachment-anxiety with God, and self-regulation on the identity formation of the youth. Secondly, the paper introduces a missional hermeneutic that provides an interpretative framework for coping with the crises of identity amongst young people. A missional hermeneutic for coping with the crisis of identity formation, therefore, elaborates on the missional basis of biblical interpretation as a powerful framework within which to interpret a skewed, conflicted identity. The author herewith proposes a missional opportunity that can activate the missional consciousness of young people in their time of crisis and identity formation. Furthermore, the author insists that this missional methodology can be a very useful strategy for producing therapeutic change in young people and can help youth ministry workers and pastoral caregivers to reframe the crisis of youth identity formation from the perspective of 'missio Dei'.
The distinctive identity of the church: A constructive study of the post-Christendom theologies of Lesslie Newbigin and John Howard Yoder, JB Nikolajsen : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 103 –104 (2016)More Less
The identity of the church is a contested issue in the contemporary period when many people are deserting the institution in favour of more intimate, mystical experiences which enhance their sense of well-being, however temporary. The traditional church no longer holds its revered place in society or in local communities. Except for the places in it is called to 'hold the faith' as in contexts of persecution, the church has virtually become part of the furniture of a conservative society. To live in a post-Christendom era means that we live in an altered relationship with the state and with communities and individuals. These need redefinition and that is the main purpose of this book.
Transformative religious experience: A phenomenological understanding of experience significant relief as the result of their religious conversion, J Iyadurai : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 104 –105 (2016)More Less
Simply put, this book is about conversion despite its elaborate title Transformative religious experience. It aims to understand the dynamic which enables the Holy Spirit to radically alter lives despite formidable obstacles before and after the experience which in almost all of the cases examined here are sudden immediate affairs. Conversion is a very risky business in India which is the context of the study. The narratives included here offer some insight into this remarkable process through psychological analysis leading to the discovery that the encounter between the divine and the human involves a cognitive restructuring where a new set of beliefs, values and practices replaces previously held faith or no faith practices. This is a transdisciplinary researchmodel which draws on psychology, sociology, anthropology and theology to produce a phenomenological aspects of conversion perspective in which integrates religious practices with psychosocial factors to give a central place to religious experience. Throughout, the argument is substantiated with case studies.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 106 –107 (2016)More Less
It is fortunate that this issue was tackled during the 2010 World Missionary Conference in Edinburgh because it is one of the most vital and pressing matters in life today, let alone mission. We have been aware of living in the midst of a crisis of epic proportions for over fifty years and for the most part are oblivious to its effects, immediate, short term and long term. This topic is the pressure cooker which is about to blow its lid off and the fallout and its effects, using an African metaphor, will be the proverbial pawpaw hitting the fan. It is difficult to conceptualise how impending chaos can be avoided but there are many attempts at mitigation evident globally on the part of Christian bodies where politics has failed to provide a coherent solution, even since the 1980s when ecological issues (the integrity of creation) were linked to justice and peace.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 107 –108 (2016)More Less
The question that dominates this book is the place of mission in Latin America. That might be taken for granted but appearance are deceptive in this case. For centuries the Latin American nations were the subject of Roman Catholic missions; until in 1987 Luis Bush declared that Latin America was rather than being a mission, it was then a 'mission force'. The mission was followed by an intense period of church planting which led to further missionary endeavour by both traditions, although the missionary outreach of Evangelicals and Pentecostals, which included social action, goes back to the opening up of Panama in 1916. This book serves to engage a process of mutual edification of the differing traditions in Latin America, particularly in trying to understand the discrepancy between numerical growth and human transformation. Hence, it is a narrative of mission from the margins to the margins. Of note, is the significant revival among Mayan peoples which have extended to the Inca and Aztec populations. This has led to a call for Protestant mission to be practised holistically within a context of hope for a better future. The approach adopted her is multi-cultural, including African and Asian voices and those of women children and youth.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 109 –110 (2016)More Less
This book constitutes a wonderful tribute to the late African theologian, Kwame Bediako, edited by his wife and several friends. It is also a tribute to the commitment he devoted to the development of African theology and theological education, perhaps most evident in the establishment of the world famous Akrofi-Christaller Centre in Ghana, the first postgraduate centre of its kind in Africa.
Blessed and called to be a blessing: Muslim-Christian couples sharing a life together, H Richmond : book reviewsSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 110 –111 (2016)More Less
This valuable book on the sensitive topic of mixed marriages within a particular context is the result of practice-based or action research. While this might be an obstacle to a faithful marriage, it also provides opportunities for mutual understanding of differing faith perspectives. In the case of Christianity and Islam, this is an urgent need which reaches up to the level of international politics. It is based in two case studies carried out in Indonesia and Australia by someone who is well acquainted with both contexts. The subject has become more topical as a result of the increased mobility of peoples and the resultant exposure to other peoples and cultures. The focus is on Christian mission and Muslim da'wah relating to the Other in our midst and the prospect of compatibility. This is a practical theological narrative study which brings theology and religious traditions into an engagement on issues which are of mutual concern. Here a 'hermeneutics of suspicion' operates to illuminate issues from multiple perspectives on experiences. In such cases the ethical values of anonymity and confidentiality are vital.
Forgiveness and Reintegration: How the transformation process of forgiveness impacts child soldier reintegration, S Goins : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 44, pp 112 –113 (2016)More Less
This book is the result of courageous research in a complex problem area which appears to defy resolution - child soldiering. Here the victims become perpetrators and the perpetrators become victims. It is certainly a situation where all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God (Rom 3:23). But how do we achieve restoration and transformation. Is it possible and even desirable? This is the subject of this research which was carried out following Sierra Leone's ten year civil war and ended in 2002. It focuses on forgiveness and reintegration from the perspectives of theology, psychology, philosophy and anthropology. It is transdisciplinary in its attempt to make sense of the past, present and future through the eyes of those most intimately involved and affected - children. The outcome is the possibility of overcoming a horrendous past through the transformative process of forgiveness. The necessity of dialogue between the disciplines is vital and normative as the research struggles towards the vision of reconciliation built on a form foundation of dealing with the past through reconstruction of truth in the achievement of restorative justice as an achievable aim. Any forgiveness attained must be of the costly kind; nothing less will suffice. The ultimate aim is reconciliation which brings us closer to both God and one another as well as peace of mind within ourselves following what has been described as 'soul murder' (p.2).