SA Pharmaceutical Journal - latest Issue
Volume 83, Issue 7, 2016
Author Lorraine OsmanSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83 (2016)More Less
Making your voice heard - As I write this, the South African local election fever is drawing to a close, while the United States' fever rises. Not so long ago, we were also drawn into the Brexit discussions. It's all about choice, rights and responsibilities. It may be exciting and exhilarating, and a chance for new beginnings, but it's quite a burden, isn't it? Do we get the government we deserve? Do we get the government we need? After it's over, we generally forget all about it until election day rolls around again. Unless we're whinging about something that's been done. Or not.
Author Sarel MalanSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83 (2016)More Less
Chocolate and its benefits has featured recently on various web sites, especially around 7 July 2016, World Chocolate Day - of course with comments like 'everyday should be chocolate day'. It is however true that as scientists investigate the numerous claims about the benefits of chocolate, interesting discoveries are made and chocolate does seem to affect both physical as well as psychological well-being. Furthermore, as chocolate is made from the seeds of the Theobroma cacao tree, it is thus a natural product, and as it has been used for more than 2500 years, it must be safe - just like all natural medicine?!
The need for correctly scoped professional indemnity insurance cover for pharmacists : PSSA perspectivesAuthor Jessica WiggillSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 8 –11 (2016)More Less
What is the big panic about? - The world in which pharmacists, or any healthcare professionals, operate is one of ever increasing pressure, with demands for speedy service, quick answers and cost effective solutions. This pressure can lead to errors and omissions in the pharmacy, which can give rise to claims. Heightened consumer awareness, which is largely as a result of new legislation protecting consumers' rights, coupled with difficult economic conditions, is resulting in our society gradually becoming more litigious.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 13 –19 (2016)More Less
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of death worldwide. It is a chronic condition which affects the respiratory system and worsens over time. Cigarette smoking and advancing age are the two major risks associated with this disease. It is concerning that the global incidence of this chronic illness is on the rise. Current projections indicate that it will become the third leading cause of death by the year 2020. Inflammatory changes underlie the pathophysiology of COPD. Irreversible damage and progressive narrowing of the air passages follow. COPD is characterised by the progressive loss of lung function. In addition, the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease released the latest update on its global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of COPD in 2015. This article provides an overview of the causative risk factors, underlying disease process, pathophysiological changes, and the classification and management of COPD, including the latest perspectives on this highly prevalent condition.
Author Christel HansonSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 22 –28 (2016)More Less
Calcium is an essential nutrient required for numerous biological functions. Considering the important role that calcium plays in bone health, it is necessary to take special care to reach the daily recommended calcium intake. This overview describes the factors that can influence calcium absorption, the methodologies used to evaluate calcium absorption, bioavailability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, different calcium salts as well as the best approach to optimise the intake of calcium.
South African perspective on the benefits of essential phospholipids in supporting liver function : reviewSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 29 –32 (2016)More Less
Supplementation with highly purified extracts of essential phospholipids (EPLs) has been clinically shown to protect and improve liver function. EPLs have long been known to be effective in treating alcoholic liver disease but there is now growing awareness of the liver regeneration benefits in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In South Africa there is a high prevalence of diseases such as HIV, TB and Hepatitis B, all of which can cause infectious liver disease. There is also a rising epidemic of diabetes and obesity that is increasing the incidence of NAFLD. This review discusses for the first time the benefits of EPLs specifically within the South African context.
Author Kim OuthoffSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 33 –37 (2016)More Less
The gastrointestinal tract is exquisitely sensitive to different physical and psychological stressors. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) may be viewed as a disorder caused by stress-induced dysregulation of the complex interactions along the brain-gut-microbiota axis, which involves the bidirectional, self-perpetuating communication between the central and enteric nervous systems, utilising autonomic, psychoneuroendocrine, pain modulatory and immune signalling pathways. An overzealous stress response may significantly alter not only the sensitivity of the central and enteric nervous systems, but also other potentially important factors such as gut motility, intestinal mucosal permeability and barrier functioning, visceral sensitivity, mucosal blood flow, immune cell reactivity and enteric microbiota composition. Symptoms of these (mal) adaptive changes may include constipation, diarrhoea, bloating and abdominal pain, manifesting clinically as IBS. This article briefly reviews the current postulated stress-models of IBS.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 38 –42 (2016)More Less
Dyslipidaemia poses a significant challenge in the paediatric population, mostly due to the fact that serum lipid abnormalities in children are often missed. It has been shown that the lack of routine screening in children and adolescents may account for as many as half of this population, with either inherited or acquired cholesterol abnormalities, being missed during childhood. This article provides a high-level overview of dyslipidaemia in children and adolescents, including the screening and management of lipid abnormalities in the paediatric population.
An old African proverb says : return to old watering holes for more than water - friends and dreams are there to meet you! : forumAuthor Joggie HattinghSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83 (2016)More Less
Can you believe that the "Call for abstracts" for SAAHIP Conference 2017 is out once again? How time flies! Many of us must consider whether to attend again, or do we give it a pass this time? It is not for me to decide for anyone else what they should or should not do, but I can certainly give you a couple of pointers.
Author Refiloe MogaleSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 44 –45 (2016)More Less
The surge in the use of surgical products in hospitals has contributed to an increased responsibility for such products for pharmacists. Pharmacists now receive more questions from patients and other healthcare professionals regarding surgical products. This necessitates that they become knowledgeable about the descriptions, uses, quality, and safety aspects of these products. This makes it imperative for pharmacists to keep themselves updated with current developments in this area.
Author Chantell Hayward-ZeelieSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 46 –47 (2016)More Less
A 48-year-old, female patient (known smoker) with no previous medical history presented with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), secondary to a urinary tract infection and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus type II (DMT2). She had blood glucose levels of 19.8mmol/L as well as severe dyslipidaemia (triglyceride (TG) levels of 41.3mmol/L and a total cholesterol of 13.4mmol/L).
Author Sandra Van DykSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83 (2016)More Less
Today's research for tomorrow's solutions - The Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences of the Pharmaceutical Society of South Africa (APSSA) successfully co-hosted a joint conference with the South African Association of Pharmacists in Industry (SAAPI) from 17 - 19 September 2015 at the Cedar Woods Conference Centre in Woodmead, Sandton. This was the first time the two organisations had come together to host a joint conference. It was a well attended conference. The theme for the joint conference was "Today's research for tomorrow's solutions".
Author Christine VenterSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 49 –50 (2016)More Less
I have often wondered what leadership is and whether or not there is sufficient strong leadership in organisations representing the pharmacy industry and pharmacists. These questions have been on my mind specifically as voting day, 3 August 2016, approached. Now, with the elections done and dusted and with many parties surprised at some of the results, I started thinking why people vote for a specific party. Could the reason be that the leader of the party portrays certain leadership skills that attract the voters? What are the values, skills and competencies that leaders should have? Being a bit of an academic, I did some research on leadership and found some interesting facts of my own, which I gladly share with you here.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83 (2016)More Less
Apart from Nsovo Mayimele being a community service pharmacist at Thabazimbi Hospital, she is a fellow of the Women Deliver Young Leaders Programme (WDYLP) 2015/2016. Women Deliver is a non-profit organisation that functions to advocate for the health and well-being of women globally. The organisation organises a conference every three years during which governments, international organisations, civil society groups and young people get to meet and seek for solutions towards empowering women.
Author Susan BuekesSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83 (2016)More Less
How important is it to use the correct name when referring to an organisation? How easy is it for a mistake to creep in? How did it happen in a profession such as pharmacy, when one of the important qualities amongst its practitioners is attention to detail? I have always thought that the name of the body representing pharmacy students in this country is the "South African Pharmaceutical Students' Federation" (SAPSF).