Southern African Field Archaeology - latest Issue
Volume 4, Issue 2, 1995
Review of MV-NUTSHELL: a DOS-based computer package for multivaria,te analysis of data in archaeology and physical anthropology."Author Francis." ThackeraySource: Southern African Field Archaeology 4 (1995)More Less
A booklet by Wright entitled ""The MY-NUTSHELL brochure: a concise introduction to multivariate archaeology"" describes techniques available from the Main Menu of the statistical package, including Cluster Analysis, Correspondence Analysis , Principal Components Analysis, Canonical Variate Analysis and Seriations. Dendrograms can be drawn from cluster analyses based on Euclidean distance matrices . K-means cluster analysis also allows one to explore data for possible groupings."
Author Andrew." HallSource: Southern African Field Archaeology 4, pp 65 –67 (1995)More Less
Source: Southern African Field Archaeology 4, pp 68 –77 (1995)More Less
An archaeological survey between Brits and Pretoria revealed the remains of an extensive stone-walled complex which was named the Mabyanamatshwaana origin centre of the Tswana. A survey and excavations of one of these settlements (site ZKOO1) indicate that it had spatial features characteristic of both the Kwena ""kgôrô"" and the ""letlatswa"" of the Pedi (Kgatla) ""kgôrô"" of Sekhukhuneland. It was subsequently pointed out (in an earlier report, Pistorius 1995) that the ""letlatswa"" of site ZKOO1 may have developed as a result of the large scale introduction of iron forging in the centre (kraal complex) of this settlement. This report suggests that iron working took on formidable proportions in site ZKOO1 and that high-status and commoner iron forge work places can be distinguished. Iron working was ritualised, since a young man was buried with a hammer and an anvil stone in a ""sesigo"" in the ceJltre (former kraal) of this ""kgôrô"". Iron working in the Mabyanamatswaana complex also coincided with conflict at the tum of the eighteenth century. Both the surplus production (trade) of iron and local consumption seem to be important factors which contributed to metal working in this complex."
Archaeological investigation of a nineteenth century water furrow in Church Street, Central Pretoria."Source: Southern African Field Archaeology 4, pp 78 –83 (1995)More Less
Originally Pretoria was supplied with water by a system of furrows. An archaeological investigation was conducted of a section of one of these furrows, found in the course of construction work in Church Street, Pretoria. The investigation aimed to provide the Pretoria City Council with recommendations for the conservation and possible use of the furrow. Two sections of the furrow were examined in order to obtain more information on the building material and techniques used in its construction. From the investigation it was deduced that the furrow was primarily in use prior to 1910, to supply water to the eastern parts of the city. It is suggested that more detailed research should be carried out in order to understand the furrow system as a whole in an effort to anticipate similar problems and solutions in future development projects."
Source: Southern African Field Archaeology 4, pp 84 –94 (1995)More Less
Fibre temper is a prominent trait of ceramics traditionally ascribed to the Bushmen of central South Africa. Fibres from thirty decorated vessels found on surface sites in the upper Seacow River valley (Richmond and Middelburg districts) were extracted and radiocarbon dated. Rocker stamp designs, although present here by -950 BP, were more frequently used between -600-400 BP. Thereafter, other stamp-impressed motifs were preferred. One of these appears to be restricted to a very brief,period ( -300 200 BP) just before the European arrival, after which rocker stamping reappeared and became the only motif used in the historical period. Calibration of these dates reveal ambiguous gaps inthe record. The previously proposed four phase sequence of decorations, based on stratified. sherds from shallow rock shelter fills, is extensively revised and reduced to three phases"
Source: Southern African Field Archaeology 4, pp 95 –102 (1995)More Less
Excavations in 1991 on the Grand Parade in Cape Town yielded a complete articulated skeleton buried in an extended position on its back. There was no evidence of a coffin. The burial was found in the vicinity of the sick-comforter's room inside Fort de Goede Hoop which was located on the Parade site. From anatomical analysis the individual was identified as male, of European extraction, in his late forties or early fifties. A large pathological disorder of the distal femur is present on the left leg. A date of burial between 1652-1677 is considered."
Author Kiersten Z." FourcheSource: Southern African Field Archaeology 4, pp 103 –108 (1995)More Less
Two skeletons excavated in 1966 during the construction of the Cape Town Post Office Tunnel were re analysed and described here. Although the specimens were highly fragmentary and in poor condition, it was determined that the two individuals were in their late teens and probably male. By historical inference, the time of death was narrowed down to the period between 1652-1677, but most likely occurring within the year 1652."
The faunal remains from four Late Iron Age sites in the Soutpansberg region: Part III: Tshirululuni.Author Elizabeth." De Wet-BronnerSource: Southern African Field Archaeology 4, pp 109 –119 (1995)More Less
The faunal remains from four Late Iron Age sites in the Soutpansberg area are described in three parts according to the settlement patterns ascribed to them by Loubser (1988). Part III describes the faunal remains from Tshirululuni, a Mutzheto Pattern settlement, which was an important centre of the Western Singo after the collapse of the Singo state in the 18th century. Cattle remains predominate in the samples while sheep/goat numbers are low. The upper unit of Trench 1 contains a high number of juvenile cattle remains; reminiscent of the Great Zimbabwe Hill Midden. The majority were apparently deposited in one of two pits located in this trench. The unit also contains a gross over-representation of juvenile and adult cattle metapodia. The distribution of ages, taphonomy, butchering evidence and pathologies are also described. Skeletal element representations are then considered on an intra-site level in terms of human patterns of refuse disposal."
A brief report on the rescue excavation of a human skeleton from Nooitgedacht, Northern Cape Province, South Africa."Source: Southern African Field Archaeology 4, pp 120 –123 (1995)More Less
The excavation of a single burial of an older male from the farm Nooitgedacht is described. The preservation of the skeleton is extremely poor, but the context of the grave and the associated ostrich eggshell beads are consistent with other isolated graves of the late prehistoric and early historic populations of the region."