African Safety Promotion - latest Issue
Volume 14, Issue 1, 2016
Source: African Safety Promotion 14, pp 1 –2 (2016)More Less
Internationally, violence remains a pressing social, health and psychological concern. Compared to Northern Europe, countries in Central America and Southern Africa report high rates of men's violence against women, children and other men. In South Africa the rates of homicidal and sexual violence are amongst the most elevated in the world, with high rates and horrific incidents of murder and rape documented in research and reflected in media reports. The recent high profile cases of Oscar Pistorius, the murder of Mozambican taxi driver Mido Macia by 8 policemen, and the rapes and murders of Franziska Blöchliger (16) and Sinoxolo Mafevuka (19) are just a few examples that highlight the endemic nature of violence in South Africa. Violent public protests, with men as principal actors, are also common. The Marikana massacre, where at least 34 men were killed, has demonstrated how the state is implicated in the reproduction of masculine violence.
Community asset mapping for violence prevention : a comparison of views in Erijaville, South Africa and Memphis, USA : original contributionsSource: African Safety Promotion 14, pp 1 –25 (2016)More Less
In the context of addressing challenges relating to ongoing interpersonal violence, this article conducts a comparative analysis of findings from a community asset mapping process drawing responses from 100 community participants across the two sites of Erijaville, South Africa and Memphis, Tennessee in the USA. Specifically, we describe the similarities and differences across sites regarding community assets linked to safety and peace promotion, with a particular emphasis on tangible and intangible factors relevant to the promotion of safety and peace. The findings reveal a major emphasis on 'intangible' factors that relate to the promotion of safety and peace, including personal values and behaviour (such as love, compassion and prayer), family relationships (such as family socialisation, care and supervision, role modelling, and peer guidance), and community connectedness (including community hope and trust, and the development of ethical leadership). The findings suggest that religious assets and spiritual capacity constitute important resources, which should be more intentionally mobilised and enhanced to promote safety and peace. This constitutes an important challenge in relation to violence prevention in both South Africa and the USA.
Seatbelt use among university students from 26 low-, middle- and high-income countries : original contributionsSource: African Safety Promotion 14, pp 26 –41 (2016)More Less
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of self-reported seatbelt use and sociodemographic, health risk behaviour and social-legal correlates among university students in 26 low-, middle- and high-income countries. Using anonymous questionnaires, data were collected from 16 770 undergraduate university students (mean age 20.9, SD=2.9) from 23 universities in 26 countries across Asia, Africa and the Americas. Results indicate that the percentage of university students reporting to be inconsistently using a seatbelt were 54.7% for all countries, 56.0% for men and 53.7% for women. In multivariate logistic regression, younger age, poorer family background, living in a low-income or lower-middle-income country, having no national seatbelt law or a law that does not apply to all occupants, poor attitudes towards seatbelt use, not always following the speed limit, having depressive symptoms, drug use, and low physical activity were associated with self-reported inconsistent seatbelt use. High self-reported inconsistent seatbelt use was found and several risk factors were identified which can be utilised in seatbelt use promotion programmes.
Learners' self-reports of exposure to violence in South African schools : a gendered reflection : original contributionsAuthor Matshidiso Joyce TaoleSource: African Safety Promotion 14, pp 42 –61 (2016)More Less
The pervasive worldwide phenomenon of gender-based violence in schools poses a threat to education as a vehicle of economic development and economic freedom. Gender violence in and around schools is a global problem with serious implications for the educational attainment, health and wellbeing of both girls and boys. This paper explores the gendered nature of violence in selected schools in six provinces in South Africa. A qualitative study following a community-centred, capacity-building approach used focus group interviews to collect data from a purposive sample of learners aged between 13 and 17 years who were perpetrators or victims of violence. The aim was to give voice to learners about their experiences of violence in schools. Findings indicated a high incidence of gender-based violence in schools. Boys mainly drew on gender-biased discourses to orchestrate demeaning gendered comments, sexualised gestures, sexual harassment and bullying. Teachers' assault of learners in the form of corporal punishment was also deeply implicated in both girls' and boys' reports of gender-based violence. Recommendations are made for gender-based awareness campaigns, which involve learners, parents and teachers, and the setting up of school-based structures for learner peer support as critical strategies for combating gender-based violence in schools.
African Forum for Urban Safety, UNHabitat conference : Inaugural AFUS learning exchange, 29 June to 1 July 2016, Durban, South Africa : conference reportSource: African Safety Promotion 14, pp 62 –64 (2016)More Less
In response to a number of summits calling for an integrated approach to ensuring urban safety on the African continent, the African Forum for Urban Safety (AFUS), with the support of United Nations-Habitat (UN-Habitat), was launched in December 2015 with the mandate of promoting inclusive, safer habitable areas for all citizens and visitors to the continent's cities (UN-Habitat, n.d.). The subsequent AFUS, UN-Habitat conference, on which this paper is reporting, was held at the Durban International Convention Centre with the purpose of launching a learning exchange between cities across the African continent.