- A-Z Publications
- South African Geographical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Geografiese Tydskrif
- Issue Home
South African Geographical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Geografiese Tydskrif - latest Issue
Volume 99, Issue 2, Apr 2017
Author Manfred SpocterSource: South African Geographical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Geografiese Tydskrif 99, pp 113 –133 (Apr 2017) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03736245.2016.1208578More Less
There has been a surge of interest by geographers in contemporary South African small towns. This paper reports on the sale of municipal land in small towns from 1974 to 2014 in selected municipalities of the Western Cape. Attention is focused on the sale of municipal golf courses as an example of privatized municipal land that has not contributed to undoing apartheid spatial legacies or integrating small-town communities. The rate of municipal land sales increased appreciably after the introduction of the neoliberal Growth Employment and Redistribution macro-economic strategy in South Africa. Neoliberal processes have adapted to local conditions and morphed into what is known as the Third Way: essentially a marriage between the neoliberal agenda and postapartheid egalitarian principles. The divisive nature of privatized, once municipally owned, spaces is supposed to be offset by investment in social development funds for some small towns. It is intended that these funds be managed by municipalities and spent on projects identified in the Integrated Development Plan. Documentation of environmental impact assessments of privatized golf courses provides insights into the logic of the privatization of small-town municipal golf courses and the addition of residential components to them. It is concluded that the secure, gated and fortified housing spaces of the golf estates are aimed at the monied classes and have become enclaves of wealth within the broader small-town milieu. The developmental dilemma is that while municipalities may benefit from such land sales and their subsequent revenues, socio-spatial integrative opportunities are being sacrificed for monetary gain.
Author Ralph M. ManyaneSource: South African Geographical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Geografiese Tydskrif 99, pp 134 –151 (Apr 2017) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03736245.2016.1208579More Less
Several studies have recently revealed intimate linkages between political boundaries and contemporary tourism forms. This study draws on both the stakeholder theory and sustainability thinking to harness potential trans-boundary tourism resources straddling the Botswana - North West Province border of South Africa, and to synthesize the deeply divided resource base and potential stakeholders. It is argued that the boundary places actual and imaginary constraints on the potentially appealing cultural and historical heritage, and deepens the centre–periphery, rural–urban and global–local divides. Rethinking the increasingly complex nature of boundaries and cultural heritage can enrich the eco-cultural provision based on a fuller understanding of opportunities for trans-boundary rural tourism. Given the few trans-boundary tourism accounts that have explored the integrated concept of humans in nature, this study seeks to emphasize the need for this concept. What has been hypothesized is confirmed. Some findings are that cross-border communities are culturally affiliated to nature – highlighting the integrated human–ecological systems on which the potential cross-border tourism would depend; and they demonstrate inclinations to conserve and effectively harness global – local relationships by exposing Indigenous Knowledge Systems to western epistemological traditions and through visiting friends and relatives trips which represent the study location’s major source of tourism.
Source: South African Geographical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Geografiese Tydskrif 99, pp 152 –165 (Apr 2017) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03736245.2016.1208580More Less
In spite of substantial agreement on the need for urban integration in the South African urban development policy framework, there is also significant scholarly opinion that the outcomes have fallen short of the desired targets. The case of Seshego/Polokwane, however, suggests that some level of integration is possible given predisposing factors. The methodology used in this study included a desk top review and interviews which formed part of a larger study of the area. Semistructured interviews were undertaken with various officials within local government departments, property developers, business people, community leaders, NGOs, and local ward councillors. In-depth interviews were also held with five Seshego households. The paper found that, unlike other South African townships, Seshego remains a well-located, better developed (compared to the alternatives outside formerly white Polokwane), ‘suburb’ after the ending of influx control. The relatively favourable location and the directed efforts of the municipality led to subsequent (post-apartheid) developments having seen significant integration of Seshego and Polokwane.
Community-based water resource management in Northwest Cameroon : the role of potable water supply in community developmentSource: South African Geographical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Geografiese Tydskrif 99, pp 166 –183 (Apr 2017) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03736245.2016.1208589More Less
This paper examines the role of community-based water resource management in community development in Cameroon. Natural resources across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have been managed from centralized systems and this has resulted into massive marginalization and disenfranchisement of rural communities. However, there is now a shift in policy interventions towards adopting pro-community approaches in resource management. Although this paradigm is increasingly becoming common, key questions on how to propagate the participation of the most vulnerable members of a community and the impact on community development remain pertinent. Using both secondary and empirical data collected though tools inspired by the traditional of participatory research; it is argued in the paper that community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) has the potential to imbue the full participation of local people in any development issues and changes rural societies and communities in sub-Saharan African countries. Rural Cameroon, like many other rural regions in sub-Saharan Africa faces a myriad of challenges, among which include water resource governance. This paper therefore, explores the role of CBNRM in sustainable management of potable water resources. This has been explored within contemporary theoretical and development debates on natural resource management in developing countries.
Author Elwyn JenkinsSource: South African Geographical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Geografiese Tydskrif 99, pp 184 –195 (Apr 2017) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03736245.2016.1211032More Less
Jules Verne, in his novel The Mysterious Island, depicts how people draw on various sources to name geographical features on an uninhabited island. This provides a model for analysing the names of Marion Island and its geographical features, which can be compared with the typology of the Australian National Placenames Survey (ANPS). A brief history of the naming of Marion Island itself precedes an account of the sources of the names for its features. There are similarities and differences between the kinds of sources used on Verne’s island, Marion Island, and the South African mainland and in the ANPS typology. Developments in recording the names on Marion Island and placing them on a map are described. Since 2001, public reaction to pre-democratic naming practices in South Africa has influenced practices related to Marion Island.
Every last drop : the role of spatial planning in enhancing integrated urban water management in the City of Cape TownSource: South African Geographical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Geografiese Tydskrif 99, pp 196 –216 (Apr 2017) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03736245.2016.1231622More Less
Water is essential to life. Current urban water systems often degrade freshwater ecosystems, nature’s ability to replenish resources and the relationship between people and the environment. To address this, integrated urban water management (IUWM) has been developed; yet, is too often undermined by institutional paralysis and a subsequent lack of physical change in cities. This paper presents key learnings from research undertaken to understand how spatial planning can be utilized as a tool in IUWM; where hydrological systems influence the form and structure of cities. The intention is to improve water literacy in urban planning where complex conditions confront urban and natural systems. This research culminates in a theoretically considered spatial water framework (SWF) for the City of Cape Town to guide appropriate and innovative intervention in the urban water system. The SWF envisions Cape Town transitioning to an increasingly watersecure future as facilitated through nurturing a reverence for water; enabling restoration of water systems through ecological alignment; embracing restraint towards water use; and cultivating responsibility to develop good water stewards. Therein lies the opportunity for a closer integration of planning for urban development and water systems while reconciling the human–nature relationship.