Southern African Journal for Folklore Studies - latest Issue
Volume 25, Issue 1, 2015
The native has arrived : life orientation lessons through akan idioms to secure the future and maintain identityAuthor K.P. Quan-BaffourSource: Southern African Journal for Folklore Studies 25, pp 1 –9 (2015)More Less
In struggling to make ends meet and to put food on the table most parents of today hardly spend time with their children, as in most cases they either live far away from home or leave at dawn and return at dusk. This socio-economic reality of contemporary life makes life orientation, in general, and guidance and counselling in particular, a crucial aspect of school education for the youth of today, who are the leaders of tomorrow. Most students in schools today face psycho-social problems, which may not only hinder their progress in their studies but can also negatively affect their adjustment to the school environment and the society at large. This justifies an intervention by the school through individual and group life orientation sessions. For a long time, guidance and counselling or life orientation in general have been an important subject in the school curriculum of Ghanaian schools, but this subject has always been basedon Western assumptions, values and methods of child upbringing which might not necessarily be suitable for the African context. This article contends that there is no better time than this era of African renaissance for 'the native to arrive' in the education arena to provide guidance and counselling lessons to the African child through indigenous idioms to secure their future and maintain African identity. Akan indigenous knowledge in the form of idioms can play an important and effective role in guiding and counselling students for better adjustment to the school environment, in order to improve learner performance and enable them to make better career choices to reduce unemployment. Idioms are powerful social, cultural and moral expressions used in everyday speech in every home and community to guide and educate people. As a cultural artefact, idioms relate to life situations and can therefore, be an effective method for teaching life orientation to students since they may easily understand them. Using some existing guidance and counselling theory as its framework, this paper discusses selected Akan idioms that can be effective in life orientation lessons in the African classroom to address some of the major socio-cultural and psychological challenges facing many students in Ghanaian schools today.
Re-aligning the self : the Ndebele woman and the institution of marriage and family as resented in Ndebele mythologySource: Southern African Journal for Folklore Studies 25, pp 10 –22 (2015)More Less
This article sets out to discuss the role of the Ndebele woman within the various institutions of Ndebele culture. It analyses the woman within the context of marriage, family and society as a whole. The researchers trace the development of the woman from a pre-colonial context as reflected in the Ndebele myth of creation, through a colonial context as reflected by contemporary mythologyas well as by the contemporary roles of women in most societies. It is through mythology, folklore and proverbs in Ndebele traditional and contemporary society that gender roles are prescribed. This is because orature is the bank that houses society's history, norms, values and customs. This research therefore investigates the role of the Ndebele woman within the institution of marriage, and within the family structure. It also analyses the presentation of the roles of Ndebele women and men in society, with particular emphasis on domestic and gender roles. In doing so, the article addresses the notion that gender roles did not begin to change during the post-colonial era since that change began in the colonial context and then developed and affected women right through the postcolonial phase. This article reveals this crisis through the juxtaposition of the colonial 'Christian' myth of creation and the Ndebele myth of creation.
Source: Southern African Journal for Folklore Studies 25, pp 23 –33 (2015)More Less
Nurses and other healthcare professionals practice their professions within culturally diverse societies. In order to make meaningful culture-care decisions and actions to their clients, and to provide culturally congruent and sensitive nursing care; nurses should understand the diverse cultures of their patients. The study sought to understand folk practices related to childbearing in the African context in order to promote cultural awareness and knowledge amongst nurses. The aim of this article is to present some of the practices regarding childbearing in Southern African ethnic groups, using a qualitative descriptive design. Participants included a convenience sample of six elderly women from various ethnic groups in South Africa, Lesotho, Malawi and Swaziland. Data were collected through individual interviews in the form of oral narratives and thematic content analysis was done. The three themes that emerged from data,namely sexual practices, pre-, intra-, and post-natal care practices, and baby care practices were found to be potentially beneficial or potentially harmless and, therefore, could be preserved and accommodated in the nursing care practice.
Source: Southern African Journal for Folklore Studies 25, pp 34 –47 (2015)More Less
The indigenous knowledge of the Basotho makes it simple for this speech community to name their traditional medicinal plants in such a way that they are meaningful; this could also be viewed as an empowerment technique, especially in the economic sphere. Their medicinal plants names seem to be idiomatic and to express certain philosophies of the Basotho society. Creativity is observable in this kind of naming, and many names allude to the kind of remedy that is associated with the medicinal plant. It is therefore the interest of this paper to consider the names of medical plants among the Basotho whose names allude to the remedy they provide. The names of Sesotho medicinal plants and the reasoning of the Basotho in general behind the name and the use of each medicinal plant will be discussed in this article. This paper will further preserve and promote the use of Basotho traditional medicines for the future generation.
Author Paul H. NkunaSource: Southern African Journal for Folklore Studies 25, pp 48 –59 (2015)More Less
Proverbial wisdom is a powerful tool that is used by the Vatsonga in their communications to instil cultural norms and values that have a powerful impact on people's lives. This article focuses on the management ideas contained in some Xitsonga proverbs. Its emphasis is on the Vatsonga's proverbial wisdom in relation to management and business issues. The article covers the following management principles and techniques: dealing with work; being an effective manager; dealing with business associates; dealing with competition; dealing with superiors; dealing with the workforce; dealing with middle management; dealing with communication; and dealing with finances. It challenges language practitioners and the education system - the business schools in particular - to take a new look at ways of developing modules that fit in with South Africa's local content.
Source: Southern African Journal for Folklore Studies 25, pp 60 –79 (2015)More Less
The paper examines a Yoruba movie, links it to some Yoruba beliefs and asserts the connection between the reality and the creative production. To anchor its major point, it incorporates some verbal expressions of the Yoruba, draws attention to the thoughts that other scholars have about women's empowerment and the challenges that educated African women face as they engage with their illiterate counterparts, and cites evidence from the movie, Éjeè Meéjiì. At the end, the paper drifts towards a better painting of women's image even though it echoes existing contradictory views on women.
Author M.A. MasogaSource: Southern African Journal for Folklore Studies 25, pp 80 –100 (2015)More Less
There is an apparent shift that challenges the so-called 'established music fields' to begin dialogue with African music perspectives. In the process of such dialogues and developments, there is a need to recast the importance of unmentioned, unsung and uncelebrated indigenous African music practitioners, composers, performers, poets, and praise singers. In this regard, musical arts education and its process cannot eschew broad educational challenges. The paper argues for the place of indigenous musical arts education experts in the current or mainstreamed musical arts processes. Mme Rangwato Magoro, from Malatane village in the greater Ga-Seloane community, is included as the main research collaborator in this brief piece of work.