Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages - latest Issue
Volume 41, Issue 2, 2015
Source: Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 41, pp 1 –30 (2015)More Less
This article is geared towards completing a conversation that began in part 1 of this series. While the former attested to the "functional schizophrenia" of the target lexeme, the current examination is concerned with providing a cognitive model - both conceptually and diachronically - that is representative of the vast array of functions and senses previously recognized and now associated with בְּלִי. This is accomplished through identifying various typological grammaticalization chains (i.e., the N-A-M path) that are then appropriated to account for the negative component present in the functional and semantic load of בְּלִי (via the Negative Path). The derived mapping was then confirmed through additional comparative (Semitic) data and diachronic supporting facts. We thus secure a rigorous - qualitative and quantitative - assessment of the heterosemic and polysemic capacity of בְּלִי, which is sensitive to not only the grammatical and semantic constituents of this potential but to the motivated network, as well.
Source: Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 41, pp 31 –55 (2015)More Less
In a previous article we introduced the concept of valence and the methodology chosen in our research. The present contribution shows how this method can be useful for analysing patterns of verbs with two objects in the Qal stem. In discussing double-object constructions, classical approaches usually take the occurrences of particular verbs as their starting point. More recent approaches make use of general linguistic categories. In our research we focus on textual data. Using the flow chart introduced in the previous article, we apply the same syntactic rules to various double-object verbs. Insight into the factors affecting the pattern occurring with a verb help bridge the gap between classical philology and linguistic rules.
שמם or שבד : revisiting the text-critical note in Ezek 6:4a in the light of current views on the text of EzekielSource: Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 41, pp 57 –67 (2015)More Less
Ezek 6:4a contains a clause with two verbs in the MT but only one verb in the LXX. Textual commentators are not in complete agreement as to the manner in which the LXX treated the Hebrew sentence in translation. Elliger was of the opinion that the LXX translated the first verb in the verse (שמם) and omitted the second one (שבד). A more probable explanation would be to understand שבד rather than שמם as the Hebrew verb translated in the LXX, while שמם was absent from the base text used by the Greek translator. Opting for either of these explanations may, to some extent, depend on one's view on the nature and literary development of the text of Ezekiel.
Author Scott B. NoegelSource: Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 41, pp 69 –94 (2015)More Less
In this study, I examine a hitherto unrecognized literary phenomenon in which merely sounding the consonants found in Ba'al's name (i.e., ב-ע-ל) sometimes compelled Israelite authors to employ in equal measure the consonants found in the word "shame" (ב-ז-ש) and/or its synonymic word pairs (e.g., חפד "reproach" and כלם "humiliation"). I contend that the device has its origins in socially constructed memories concerning the events at Ba'al-Peor, where the Israelites first worshiped Ba'al, and that, as such, the dysphemistic device conjures images of apostasy, sexual infidelity, and infertility.
Author Susandra J. Van WykSource: Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 41, pp 95 –122 (2015)More Less
Present-day scholars debate the status and role of the Old Babylonian nadi?tu, describing them as priestesses who served as sacred prostitutes (Astour 1966), and/or living as virgin-celibate devotees of god(s), comparable with present-day nuns (Launderville 2010; Stol 1999; 1995), and/or acting as secluded priestesses outside the normal boundaries of patriarchal control (Diakonoff 1986). However, scholars such as Harris and Stone rather focus on their economic and social roles in the family and in the institutions of the city-states: see Harris (1975, etc.) on the nadi?tu from Sippar, and Stone (1982) on the nadi?tu from Nippur. The origins of these two scholars' textual sources differ, although their studies still show that the nadi?tu institutions were not a homogeneous group. In this study, I contend that three nadi?tu groups possess a variety of attributes, depending on the type of group and social-economic circumstances in Old Babylonian Nippur and Sippar institutions, as well as on the intentions of the paterfamilias and male family members. In addition, the nadi?tu's religious role did not include living a virgin-celibate life such as that of a present-day nun, and these priestesses have erroneously been classified as sacred prostitutes (Roth 1999). Rather, the nadi?tu institution's raison d'être was to serve as an advantage to her family and society. When allowed to do so, the nadi?tu could by her wit and labour accumulate property securing to an extent some financial independence. Still, her financial independence from the patriarchal household was limited and in some instances prohibited in the interplay among the different OB institutions.
Strategies of Clause Linking in Semitic Languages: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Clause Linking in Semitic Languages, Kivic, Qxeden, 5-7 August 2012, B. Isaksson & M. Persson : book reviewAuthor Christian LocatellSource: Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 41, pp 123 –126 (2015)More Less
This volume presents papers exploring some current lacunae in scholarship on the formal and functional features of clause linking in the major Semitic languages and offers several promising avenues for future research. The stated emphasis of the 2012 conference for which these papers were produced was "ways of combining clauses other than through relative clause and compliment clause constructions." Specific areas of interests in the papers include the interaction between, on the one hand, discourse type, main-line, and non-mainline clauses, and on the other hand, various strategies of clause linking, including the use of conjunction, asyndetic linking, and gram-switching. The papers are grouped into sections on Arabic dialects, written Arabic, Biblical Hebrew, Ethio-Semitic, and East Semitic, and each paper helpfully begins with an abstract and most end with a short summary/conclusion section, giving the volume a user-friendly quality.