Skills at Work: Theory and Practice Journal - latest Issue
Volume 7, Issue 1, 2014
Author C. WinbergSource: Skills at Work: Theory and Practice Journal 7, pp 1 –9 (2014)More Less
This editorial takes the form of an extended reflection on the papers in this edition, which converge around themes of Local Economic Development (LED), collaboration and skills development. They raise important issues for LED, but also for skills development more generally in occupational, vocational and professional education. I use these themes as a means towards identifying areas for research, and map a possible collaborative research programme for knowledge-building in the broad area of skills development in workplaces and in classrooms.
Convergence model for promoting and sustaining social enterprises : opportunities and challenges in the PhilippinesAuthor M.P. CanaresSource: Skills at Work: Theory and Practice Journal 7, pp 10 –24 (2014)More Less
Challenges abound for social and solidarity enterprises in the Philippines in an age and time where neoliberal policies dominate the economy. Convergence is necessary for social enterprises to achieve the essential elements required to ensure sustainability. The convergence model proposition is tested using three case studies in the Visayas, Philippines : a local weaving industry of women entrepreneurs, an organic papaya value chain enterprise and a fair trade shop that markets community products. This paper argues that convergence is critical because it allows the optimisation of local resources and capacities so that communities can share economic benefits by working together in value creation. The wider policy challenge is to promote a social and solidarity economy to challenge unjust economic structures and increase the economy's benefits to the poor.
Author C. CoetzeeSource: Skills at Work: Theory and Practice Journal 7, pp 25 –40 (2014)More Less
In recent years, the role of the private sector and civil society in local economic development has changed significantly. Business and civil society were seen as part of the development problem, whereas over the past couple of years, they have increasingly been recognised as key players in the local economic development discourse.
A spatial cross-section partnership model is actively being promoted through this paper in the belief that it contains a valuable win-win potential for local economic development. Active and structured collaborative relations between the various sectors of society are believed to increase the possibilities of tackling the pressing social, economic and environmental challenges and make important contributions to societal development and benefit the various partners in the collaboration.
Author I. KhambuleSource: Skills at Work: Theory and Practice Journal 7, pp 41 –52 (2014)More Less
This article presents an argument for the institutionalisation of social dialogue at the local level in South Africa in order to foster effective private-public partnerships. It presents the view that social dialogue is the mechanism of participatory partnerships, due to its principles of common developmental objectives, as well as joint problem-solving and decision-making. In this way, the institutionalisation of social dialogue can strengthen institutional arrangements for LED. This paper will use the case studies of Ghana and Nepal to show how economic opportunities in the informal sector were leveraged through the institutionalisation of social dialogue. It also looks at various ways that the International Labour Organisation fosters LED matters at the local level from asocial dialogue perspective. Because all stakeholders are important in the process of harmonization, equitable economic growth and social cohesion can be achieved through the institutionalisation of an inclusive social dialogue. Further, this paper points out that social dialogue can help promote more critical thinking and engagement on LED matters, and also go a long way towards strengthening the implementation of LED institutions and their various stakeholders and overseeing their practice.
Author C. VorwerkSource: Skills at Work: Theory and Practice Journal 7, pp 53 –66 (2014)More Less
As SAQA registers more occupational qualifications, Human Resource (HR), Education and Training Development (ETD) and related practitioners are facing the challenge of implementing a new curriculum component called 'work experience'. Work experience forms the basis for workplace learning, but few have the tools to prepare for and implement learning programmes in a real-time, real-life working environment. Workplace learning in the form of apprenticeships, internships, articles of clerkship, pupillages and other forms of occupational and professional development is as "old as the hills", but this means of learning is no longer valued or practised effectively. Yet these development programmes are crucial to the ultimate learning outcome : the development of an occupational identity within a community of practice. This paper outlines some of the challenges and the solutions towards making work experience work.
'No longer going to sleep hungry' : income generation through 'green-preneurship', KwaZulu-Natal, South AfricaSource: Skills at Work: Theory and Practice Journal 7, pp 67 –77 (2014)More Less
South Africa has one of the highest urbanisation rates in Sub-Saharan Africa, and while this presents economic opportunities, it has resulted in urban poverty and environmental degradation, making urbanisation one of the greatest challenges that policy-makers face. The informal economy is proving to be a suitable urban poverty alleviation strategy for people who lack suitable qualifications to find employment in the formal sector. The paper illustrates how women from three urban communities in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, are benefitting from informal ventures under the tutelage of an environmental non-governmental organisation (ENGO). This urban green-preneurship initiative not only contributes to poverty alleviation, but is promoting environmental sustainability and sustainable livelihoods. In so doing, the project is empowering the women economically and socially while promoting local economic development.
The long view : getting beyond the drama of South Africa's headlines Johannesburg: Jacana Media, Landman, J.P. : book reviewAuthor N. LuthuliSource: Skills at Work: Theory and Practice Journal 7, pp 79 –84 (2014)More Less
The Long View encourages its readership to think beyond the drama of news headlines and focus on the prospects for a better South Africa (SA) on the basis that there is more to this country than the media portrays. The main premise of the book is that, as citizens, we ought to look beyond headlines and focus on 'trendlines' in our society, because the long view of our country's development stems from these.The book begins by defining a modern and successful society as one which is able to contribute to the sustainable livelihoods of its citizens and which allows for the decent delivery of services such as health, education, community safety as well as the arts. This, Landman argues, is the kind of society that the Constitution of South Africa envisages - a society which allows its citizens an opportunity to enjoy a better life and to realise their potential. The book acknowledges that modernity is not a process without problems, however; it is a process flexible and open enough to recognise and thereafter address these problems. Landman further questions whether we can become a successful nation and still respect the traditional aspects of our lives and our culture, and if we can achieve modernity whilst holding on to the 'stuff' that makes us uniquely South African. In asking this question, the negative realities of modernity are highlighted. The process of modernising is thus viewed in the book as a disruptive one, capable of destroying cultures and values, turning old economic power relationships upside-down and transforming institutions. The book also finds itself equating modernity to a 'better life' and 'success', but maintains that one can modernise without sacrificing one's own traditions. Overall, the predominant questions posed in this book ask whether South Africa is better off today than twenty years ago, and whether it will be any better ten years from now.