Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences - latest Issue
Volume 7, Issue 6, 2016
Author Philip Kiprotich BiiSource: Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences 7, pp 363 –368 (2016)More Less
Employee absenteeism is a persistent problem in many countries; it tends to reduce the quality of education and results in poor performance of students. Despite the extensive research on the subject of personal characteristic and absenteeism, little has be done in schools in spite of its importance. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of personal characteristics on employee absenteeism in Transnzoia County. The specific objectives of the study was; to determine the relationship between gender and employee absenteeism, to determine the relationship between age and employee absenteeism, to establish the relationship between educational level and employee absenteeism, and to establish the relationship between marital status and employee absenteeism. Social exchange theory grounded the study. A survey research design was used for this study. The institutions studied were selected using stratified random sampling technique. The two strata considered are public and private secondary schools. A linear regression model was constructed to establish the relationship between employee absenteeism and personal characteristics from each institution that was sampled, the respondents was the head of the institution and employees. The personal characteristics was identified as the independent variable, while absenteeism as the dependent variable. Data was analyzed statistically using SPSS version 19. Both descriptive and inferential statistics was used to test the hypotheses. The study found that age had a positive significant effect on absenteeism, educational level of the employee has no significant effect absenteeism and marital status had a positive significant effect on absenteeism .The results of the study form the basis for better management of institutions. The findings of this research is important to management of academic institutions who will find vital direction when making decisions related to recruitment, selection training and staff development processes.. These institutions should consider personal factors when selecting and recruiting staff as the results suggest that personals factors plays a role in employees absenteeism. The study suggests that future research could consider ways of reducing bias by controlling for the contribution of other factors to the employees absenteeism and use of longitudinal design is recommended to adequately examine the causal status of personal factors on absenteeism.
Personality traits, perception of primary place of assignment and gender as predictors of work adjustment among corps members in Ife Federal Constituency, NigeriaSource: Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences 7, pp 369 –380 (2016)More Less
Corps members are fresh graduates from tertiary institutions in Nigeria who are on a year compulsory service to the Nation courtesy of National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) scheme. This category of workers are experiencing the world of work for the first time by virtue of deployment into various Primary Place of Assignment (PPA), hence the need for their work adjustment. Thus, the study examined the influence of personality traits and gender as well as perception of primary place of assignment on work adjustment among Corps members in Ife Federal Constituency. This was done with a view to explaining the nature and the probable factors that can predict work adjustment among Corps members. This will help in determining their preparation levels and the pace at which they settle down for work when permanently employed. The study employed a descriptive survey research design. The data were collected from 222 Corps members, drawn using multi-stage sampling technique from four Local Government Areas (Ife-South, Ife-North, Ife-East, and Ife Central) in Ife Federal Constituency, Osun State, Nigeria. Three standardized psychological instruments namely: the Big Five Personality Inventory (BFI), Perception Change of Place of Primary Assignment Scale (PCPPAS), and Work Adjustment Assessment (WAA), were used to collect data from the respondents. Data collected were subjected to both descriptive and inferential statistical analyses. The results showed that personality traits had significant influence on Corps members‟ work adjustment. Perception of change of PPA has significant influence on Corps members‟ work adjustment. However, there was no significant gender difference among Corps members‟ work adjustment. The study concluded that personality traits and perception of change of primary place of assignment had influence on Corps members‟ work adjustment, while gender had no significant influence on their work adjustment.
Author Ali Salem Faheed AlsagoorSource: Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences 7, pp 381 –388 (2016)More Less
To set the economy back on track and generating potential jobs, Saudi Arabia needs a strong and vibrant small business community. The ability of entrepreneurs is to participate in economic recovery by exploiting new opportunities, growing their businesses, and creating jobs are the ability to access capital. Current study aims to find the relationship between Small Business Administration (SBA) and chamber of commerce support provided electronically and the success of new business venture. It also focus to access internet based support provided by the government to gain advantage in the market. The study has been conducted on the local market of Saudi Arabia through new small and medium sized businesses that have sought the help and support in terms of business regulations, market structure and business success. The analysis has been conducted to empirically test the relationship. The sample of 44 small and medium sized businesses have been collected that are thoroughly researched and analyzed in terms of their success and how on each step of their milestone the support provided by the Small Business Administration (SBA) and chamber of commerce have been used to its advantage. The data from each business is collected through survey tools to help study and analyses the collected data. Findings of the analysis conducted on collected data indicate that there is a positive relationship between Small Business Administration (SBA) and chamber of commerce support in terms of knowledge and support on general guidelines with small and medium sized business success in market. The recommendation for the future research is provided along with explanation of the findings and statistical results.
Analysis of management of Information security and related Enterprise risks in view of ISO/IEC 27001:2013Source: Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences 7, pp 389 –391 (2016)More Less
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and IEC- International Electrotechnical Commission formally released the updates to ISO/IEC 27001 and 27002. The last time these standards were updated was in 2005. Even though ISO/IEC 27001:2005 generally talked about monitoring the ISMS implementation, it did not clearly specify importance of having a formal documented plan or justification for monitoring specific processes and controls. The revised version of ISO/IEC 27001:2013 has set the stage for significant structural changes in the standard’s individual sections with the introduction of alterations as well the number of new information security controls. Even though the text and requirements from the previous version of the standard are still there, they have been adapted to fit new and growing topics. This paper presents study and comparison of the previous and new standards and tries to identify alignment of information security with enterprise risk management using the new version of the standard. This would enable organizations in improving corporate governance and information security risk management with Enterprise Risk Management activities.