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Volume 7, Issue 6, 2016
Challenges encountered by University Administrators in performance management and job satisfaction of academic staff in Kenyan UniversitiesSource: Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies 7, pp 383 –390 (2016)More Less
Globally, university education is recognised as essential for socio-economic and political societal transformation and Kenya has heavily invested in it. Nevertheless, attaining high levels of academic staff job satisfaction has proved to be challenging for university managements. This paper, therefore, sought to investigate the challenges encountered by the University management in performance management and job satisfaction in Kenyan universities. This study was carried out in chartered universities in Rift Valley Region (RVR) of Kenya. The study targeted 2,773 members of university management and lecturers in the chartered public and private universities with their main campuses in RVR with a sample of 605 participants. Convergent parallel mixed methods design was employed with census, random and systematic sampling used to select the respondents. Purposive sampling was also used to select information-rich cases. Questionnaires, interview and document analysis guides were the main data collection instruments. Data analysis was done by coding and categorizing qualitative data into themes while quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, independent-samples t-test, One-way ANOVA and regression coefficients, with the use of the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20.It was established that the challenge of insufficient funds was the most crippling for university management. The author, however, recommends that university management should address the emerging challenges relating to limited resources, poor communication and bureaucratic procurement procedures among others as identified in this paper.The results obtained in this paper will add to knowledge base in the Human Resource field. The challenges and solutions presented if taken into consideration by management, will improve job satisfaction among academic staff in universities for better productivity in teaching, research and community service.
Author M.S.M. JalaldeenSource: Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies 7, pp 391 –398 (2016)More Less
As in many parts of Asia, the origins of modern nationalism in Sri Lanka may be traced back to programs of religious revivalism which were a reaction to Christian missionary enterprise. ((Silva, 1998). The first phase in the emergence of nationalism in Sri Lanka would cover the last three decades of the nineteenth century. The early nineteenth century saw the beginning of the recovery of Roman Catholicism in the island after the rigorous suppression of it attempted by the Dutch when Calvinist intolerance by Roman Catholicism directed against the indigenous religious of the Sri Lankan littoral. This was a period in which missionary zeal led to a great increase in Christianity among the people, particularly on the western seaboard and in the Northern Province. Later in the century, however, a reaction occurred against Christian proselytise among the intelligentsia who woke to this threat to their beliefs. It has been noted that revivalist movements of Buddhists, Hindus and Muslims were beginning to emerge in Sri Lanka against Christian dominant of Sri Lanka. The Buddhist revival is perhaps described as the Buddhist reaction to the missionary onslaught. The early years of the Buddhist revival saw a concentration of activity in the south-west coast. Most notable of these is the prominent part played by the 'reform' movement within the wider theme of 'nationalist' agitation. 'Constitutionalist', 'moderate' and 'conservative' are some of the terms used to describe the 'reformers' and their political attitudes. Movements among Hindus and Muslims paralleled the Buddhist revival. The Islamic revival however, came late in the century and was less through going. The Hindu revival was far deeper and widespread and also begun much earlier.The Buddhists were soon followed by the Hindus and Muslims. Thus, unlike the Buddhists, the movements among the Hindus and Muslims did not develop to take political overtones. It can be identified some similaraties and differences between the revivalism taken by three communities. The researcher tries to brief these features in this article. It is a pioneer studies incomparing the activities of revivalist movements in Sri Lanka. The research focusses on religious revivalism as the foundation of social movement activities since foreign rule. This paper is attempts to identify some revivalist movements taken by Hindus and Muslims of Sri Lanka with the comparing study of them.
Author G.O. AyenigbaraSource: Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies 7, pp 399 –403 (2016)More Less
Stress was described as any factor which threatens the body, or that has adverse effects on its functioning. Stress is an inevitable health problem confronting us everyday, and only death brings complete freedom from it. Many people are predisposed to many health problems and peoples health challenges are being complicated by factors of stress, and yet many are dying of causes not unrelated to stress. So this study may enable these individuals, not only to identify stressors in their lives, but also be able to apply simple coping devices. The paper is therefore of significance, not only to avoid stressors, but also to mitigate the effects for a healthier, longer and happier living. To this end, this paper may urge every individuals to take up the responsibility of the challenges involved in managing the stress.Though stress predisposes individuals to many health problems, but with appropriate lifestyle modifications, one may be able to manage and cope with stress effectively for a longer, healthier and happier living. Such simple coping devices include; social support, effective communication, physical exercises, adequate nutrition, adequate sleep, time management, belief in God, relaxation, and cognitive technique. Therefore, this paper concludes that individuals should develop and apply the aforementioned coping devices, suitable for them, for effective management and control of stress in their lives.
Author Temitayo OgunsanwoSource: Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies 7, pp 414 –420 (2016)More Less
Literature suggests that violence is a learnt behaviour and that children need to learn self- control and how to handle conflicts very early in life as a lack of these skills may have severe consequences in adult life. Conflict is a common feature in many Nigerian schools. It is also common to listen to parents complaints during Parent teacher Association meetings that some children are in the habit of causing trouble both inside the classroom and on the playground. Though, most classroom and out- of- classroom conflicts are settled by teachers, research suggests that children need conflict resolution strategies for power assertion and negotiation. This action research investigated the value of the fuss buster peer mediation programme on children’s conflict resolution in a nursery and primary school in Ibadan, Nigeria. A pre-intervention record of frequency of conflicts in each class was taken for one week while the following week was spent on training children in peer mediation using the fuss buster programme. The programme was started after the one-week training and it lasted for six weeks, after which the effect of the intervention programme was analysed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts, means and percentages as well as qualitative analysis that expressed the reactions of the children, the fuss busters, conflict initiators and teachers to the programme. A comparative effect of the fussbuster programme on each class was also found. The findings revealed a high reduction in conflict in all classes while the grade one class had the highest reduction in conflict resolution. Teachers and children also expressed their interest in the programme. Teachers wanted the programme to continue as it allowed children to develop self-control and leadership skills. The research work was conducted in order to address the issue of conflict which has increased lately in many schools and seemed to have defied most methods used by teachers to solve it. It was recommended that mediation methods such as the fuss buster method should be introduced not only into the school system for conflict resolution but into the civic education curriculum.