Transvaal Museum Memoirs - latest Issue
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Volume 22, Issue 1, 1979
Source: Transvaal Museum Memoirs 22 (1979)More Less
This is the largest subfamily of the family Nymphalidae and contains its most specialized representatives, among which the tribe Charaxini which in some recently proposed classifications is regarded as a subfamily or even a family in its own right. However, in conformity with the classification indicated in the second part of this monograph, it is deemed preferable not to alter this arrangement and to treat the Charaxini as a tribe.
Source: Transvaal Museum Memoirs 22, pp 2 –10 (1979)More Less
Although the present author is inclined to agree with Hemming in regarding these genera as synonyms of Argynnis, he prefers to follow the arrangement given in Peters' Check-list (1952) as any changes in the classification must be based on an extensive study of material of several faunistic regions, which he cannot undertake at present. The extensive splitting done in recent years is based mainly on genitalic differences, which, as in the Acraeinae, do not seem so far to be supported by the evidence of other structural characters.
Source: Transvaal Museum Memoirs 22, pp 10 –60 (1979)More Less
The present tribe has been treated by Aurivillius as Vanessidi (1899:128) and as the subfamily Vanessinae in 1913:210, whereas the name Nymphalinae was applied to the group treated in this work as the tribe Limenitidini. Audvillius' action of applying the names Nymphalidi and Nymphalinae to the Limenitidini arose from Boisduval's selection of Papilio populi L., 1758 as the typespecies of Nymphalis Latreille, 1804.
Source: Transvaal Museum Memoirs 22, pp 75 –83 (1979)More Less
The tribe shows a certain affinity with the Biblini, which is indicated in the swelling of the subcostal vein in some genera, in the elongated palpi, in the presence of a velum (navicula) in the males, as well as in the presence of spines on all five tarsal segments of the female fore legs.
Source: Transvaal Museum Memoirs 22, pp 83 –85 (1979)More Less
A small and compact tribe of three genera, of which the type-genus, Cyrestis Boisduval is palaeotropical, and is also represented in Africa. The tribe differs from all other tribes of the Nymphalinae in the larvae which show strong reduction of the lateral rows of spines and the presence of odd dorsal processes on segments 5 and 11.
Source: Transvaal Museum Memoirs 22, pp 85 –99 (1979)More Less
An apparently recent tribe of the Old World, characterized by a very large number of species, which have been variously considered by different authors to belong to one, two or even nearly 30 different genera. The distinctions between these genera which were mostly erected by Moore at the end of the last century, are insufficient to be recognized as anything more than species-groups, and overlap even when only two genera are recognized, as done by Fruhstorfer (1912:594).
Source: Transvaal Museum Memoirs 22, pp 99 –132 (1979)More Less
The name of the present tribe has been, and occasionally still is, given as Limenitini (Chermock, 1950:513; Fox, 1965:208). However, the name Limenitidinae (correction of Limenitides Butler, 1869; type-genus Limenitis F., 1807) has been placed on the ""Official List of Family-Group Names in Zoology"" (1958 :32, name no. 231), Direction 99 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. In conformity with the spelling of this subfamily's name, the tribe is being written as Limenitidini.