Oilseeds Focus - latest Issue
Volume 3, Issue 1, 2017
Author Loutjie DunnSource: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 1 –1 (2017)More Less
The formal feed industry in South Africa, represented by the members of the Animal Feed Manufacturers’ Association (Afma), produces approximately 61% of the 11,7 million tons of animal feed used in the country annually. Afma members produce feed for the entire spectrum of animals in South Africa, and the roughly 3,2 million tons of broiler feed produced by them is calculated to be approximately 99,9% of all the broiler feed produced in the country every year.
Author Erhard BriedenhannSource: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 2 –2 (2017)More Less
Across Southern Africa we have seen fall army worms (Spodoptera frugiperda) from the United States (US) as well as native African army worms (Spodoptera exempta) destroying crops. Outbreaks were experienced in Zambia in late 2016 and have spread ever since. The main target of army worms is cereal crops and pasture grasses. Fall army worms, unlike African army worms, can also host on many other plants, including oilseeds such as soya beans and groundnuts. Chemical pesticides are effective against both army worm species, in which case the devastation of crops can be controlled. The cost of chemical application will add to the cost of crop production, but is something which will be unavoidable. The fall army worm has been detected in Limpopo, the Free State and some parts of the North West province. It has been confirmed that genetically modified (GM) maize can be less susceptible to fall army worm.
Source: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 4 –5 (2017)More Less
New way to measure crop yields from space
Global Canola Oil Market Research Report 2017
Syngenta launches annual Grain Academy
What’s in the Monsanto R&D pipeline?
Lower tariff will not affect producers
Final commercial summer crop production figures
Yara opens R30 million fertiliser plant
Author Pioneer Du PontSource: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 6 –7 (2017)More Less
Promoting these key messages makes good sense and encourages responsible stewardship in managing the risks of blackleg infection and resistance. However, a recent article in issue 116 of the Australian Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC) publication Ground Cover – in which plant pathologists recommended giving a higher priority to major resistance genes in selecting a canola variety and outlined an identified suspected tolerance to the seed dressing fungicide, fluquinconazole (Jockey Stayer®) – needs to be put into perspective in order to make informed decisions.
Author Charlie ReinhardtSource: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 11 –13 (2017)More Less
Weeds is the term used to describe plants that interfere with human aspirations and activities – also called unwanted or problem plants. This viewpoint is from a human perspective, however. From nature’s viewpoint, weeds fulfil key functions – for instance stabilisation of soil, pioneering species in areas denuded of vegetation, food, medicine and shelter for animals and humans, serving as energy resource (firewood) and more.
Source: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 14 –17 (2017)More Less
With increasing feed requirements, South Africa will need to produce 1,6 million tons of soya beans to achieve 79% of soya oilcake requirement self-sufficiency by 2020. To achieve 76% by 2025, the country will need to produce 2,1 million tons of soya beans. These are projections of oilcake requirements for use in animal feed in South Africa from 2015 to 2025, a project for the Protein Research Foundation (PRF) conducted by the Unit in Livestock Economics of the University of the Free State (UFS). The PRF has as its main objective the replacement of imported protein with domestically produced protein. After many years of investigating numerous alternatives, the focus has shifted mainly to where the largest impact could be made, namely soya beans and canola.
Author Rosan MeyerSource: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 18 –21 (2017)More Less
New findings in health research are a primary driver in the change of nutritional content of composite foods, cooking methods and nutrient additions. Numerous examples from the last 20 years demonstrate the symbiotic relationship between science and the food industry, including a reduction of saturated fats in foods, limiting salt, reducing refined sugar and, more recently, reducing the use of trans-fatty acids.
Source: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 22 –25 (2017)More Less
Globalisation is becoming more of a reality, not only in the industrial sector, but also closer to home in the agricultural industry. It can be seen in the consolidation of input suppliers and the effect of international prices on local ones. Locally, producers compare crops and regions to determine competitiveness through study groups and several financial aspects. The big question, however, is how do we measure up to the rest of the world’s producers when it comes to globalisation and the free market. One of the major contributing factors in competitiveness is the subsidies received by governments. Global grain and oilseeds stocks are currently high and this puts pressure on prices, which in turn has a direct impact on profitability. The United States (US) government recently announced plans to support its producers with R96 billion. The aid comes as a result of low prices and represents an effort to ensure sustainable agricultural production.
Author Dirk StrydomSource: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 26 –27 (2017)More Less
Supplies on the global market is still very high and prices are determined by overall weather conditions. According to the International Grains Council (IGC), the world will produce 334,2 million tons of soya beans which is 19 million tons more than last season. The larger supply, however, is also supported by a greater demand. The growth in demand is from 319,2 million tons in 2015/16 to 332,6 million tons in 2016/17. All of this generates an ending stock increasing by 1,5 million tons to 35,4 million tons (Table 1).
Author Adri BothaSource: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 28 –29 (2017)More Less
South Africa has always been a net exporter of raw groundnuts, with a high demand for our product in especially European countries and Japan. Likewise, we have a stable local demand with an average commercial consumption of around 60 000mt – of which half goes toward the direct edible market and just over 40% to the manufacture of peanut butter. When considering exports – which are limited more by supply than demand – and local requirements against production, the import and export figures published by the South African Revenue Service (SARS) under the different tariff lines help to gain some insight and perspective.
Source: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 30 –33 (2017)More Less
The competitive demand for agricultural land was discussed at the 2016 Agri SA congress by a panel of experts on the subject. Among others, the panel consisted of Dr Gerhard Verdoorn, director of the Griffon Poison Information Centre, Dr Victor Munnik, researcher in geography and environmental studies at the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits) and Derek Light, an attorney involved in environmental research. Large tracts of land rich in natural resources have been used for mining, in which case it directly competes with the agricultural industry for available land. In certain cases, this is done with dire consequences to the environment and a complete disregard for proper licensing. Furthermore, land that has been used for mining can never be rehabilitated for agricultural use and has long-lasting effects on biodiversity and food security. There is, however, a third major competitor for land, namely role-players involved in the conservation of natural habitats and the rich biodiversity of South Africa. Not only mining, but also agriculture threatens the delicate balance required for a healthy environment. Preserving our country’s natural resources is also vital for the survival of our booming tourism industry. The mining, agricultural and tourism industries all contribute significantly to the local economy. Can a balance be achieved in dividing South Africa’s land and water equally to support these three industries? And how can this be done in a way that ensures food security and preserves the environment?
Source: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 34 –37 (2017)More Less
Breast cancer is one of the most lethal female diseases in Western countries. While the incidence of breast cancer in Caucasian women is higher than that in Hispanic and Asian women, the disease has been increasing in China. The precise aetiological factors for breast cancers are still unclear. It has been shown that variant dietary factors partially account for the differing incidence of breast cancer among Caucasian, Hispanic and Asian females. In terms of dietary factors, there exists a marked difference in the consumption of soya bean products between Asian women and those from Western countries. A number of epidemiological studies suggest that increasing soya consumption appears to be related to the decreased risk of recurrence and/or mortality. In this review, types of soya products and their nutritional functions, consumption and production are briefly described. Several lines of evidence are also presented, demonstrating the association of soya food consumption with the decreased incidence and prognosis of breast cancer. Several possible molecular mechanisms involved in the chemopreventive effects of genistein (Gen) on breast cancer are outlined.
Source: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 38 –39 (2017)More Less
In South Africa, sunflower seed oil is still the most commonly used bottled oil. In the United States (US), however, the most widely available and widely used oil is soya bean oil. According to a 2013 publication by the United Soybean Board (USB), approximately 60 to 75% of all fats and oils used for human consumption in the US is derived from soya bean oil. Due to its neutral flavour and well balanced fatty acid profile, it is a versatile oil with various uses such as cooking, frying, baking, preparing salad dressings and other food production uses. It is also preferred by consumers, since it is low in hydrogenated fat, contains no trans-fatty acid (TFA), is high in poly- and monounsaturated fats and high in essential fatty acids. According to the USB, it is the principal source and primary commercial source of vitamin E and omega-3 fatty acids in the US diet. There may very well be untapped potential for the production of soya bean oil for human consumption in South Africa. Local soya bean production for oil is estimated at 190 000 tons, with 200 000 tons being imported. A total of 390 000 tons are consumed locally each year, compared to a total of 450 000 tons of sunflower seed oil.
Author Ian NkalaSource: Oilseeds Focus 3, pp 40 –40 (2017)More Less
For roughly 14 years, South African and Botswanan cooking oil brands dominated supermarket shelves across Zimbabwe. As the country’s economic crisis impacted local manufacturers and farmers, President Robert Mugabe’s government suspended the duty on imported basic commodities, making it possible for local retailers and ordinary people to purchase large volumes of cooking oil, among other food items, from South Africa, Zambia, Mozambique and Botswana for resale and household consumption. Around the same period, President Mugabe’s land seizure campaign was at its peak. His government forcibly evicted approximately 4 500 white farmers from their land and resettled 380 000 indigenous people there. Output of key crops – maize, tobacco, wheat and soya beans – dropped drastically. As almost 95% of all cooking oil in the country is soya-based, processors ran out of raw material to manufacture the product. Then, according to the Oil Expressers’ Association of Zimbabwe (OEAZ), locally produced cooking oil accounted for 15% of the market share, with 85% met by imported products.