Stockfarm - latest Issue
Volume 6, Issue 10, 2016
Author J.C. BurgerSource: Stockfarm 6 (2016)More Less
Author Albert LoubserSource: Stockfarm 6 (2016)More Less
The role that agriculture has to play across the world, is reason enough for producers to celebrate and be concerned at the same time - which of course depends on how you look at it and how you handle it. Food production has emerged as a key strategic discussion point on international agendas. This puts agriculture in a stronger bargaining position, a position that used to be the norm for decades.
Source: Stockfarm 6, pp 6 –7 (2016)More Less
UHT milk consumption on the rise
New MSc in food and nutrition security
Drone used to herd sheep in NZ
DAFF awarded for women empowerment
Solution for food insecurity in rural SA
DNA barcoding helps to catch poachers
Communal wool farmers rewarded
Brazil to be top meat producer
African agriculture needs more than money
Livestock theft must be reported
Source: Stockfarm 6, pp 8 –9 (2016)More Less
The Living Standards Measure (LSM) is the tool commonly used to study the socioeconomic characteristics of local households. This measure is used by the South African Audience Research Foundation (SAARF), a non-profit organisation (NPO) which publishes media audience and product/brand research on traditional media, for this purpose. LSM segments are not directly based on consumer income levels, but rather on their access to various facilities such as durable goods and type of housing. Figure 1 illustrates the average monthly household income per LSM, as well as the percentage of South African adults per LSM group.
Author Marike BritsSource: Stockfarm 6, pp 10 –11 (2016)More Less
In February 2013, it was announced that South Africa would be standardising the import requirements for cattle, sheep and goats from its associated Southern African Customs Union (SACU) nations - namely Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland (BLNS). The industry requested certain requirements to be waived for animals imported for direct slaughter or feedlot purposes. However, due to the lack of an effective traceability system in South Africa and in an effort to guard the country's disease status, all importers that wish to be eligible for the less stringent import requirements pertaining to cattle, sheep and goats imported from BLNS for direct slaughter or feedlot purposes, must adhere to certain procedures for the importation, movement, monitoring, recording and reconciliation of these animals.
Author H.J. MoolmanSource: Stockfarm 6 (2016)More Less
In terms of the Extension of Security of Tenure Act, 1997 (Act 62 of 1997), also known as the Esta Act, two courts have the jurisdiction to rule over eviction proceedings and grant an eviction order, namely the magistrates' court and the Land Claims Court (LCC) of South Africa. All eviction actions taken in the magistrates' court and any eviction order granted by such a court, are subject to automatic review by the LCC before the eviction notice will take effect. Automatic revision technically implies that a magistrate's ruling is reviewed by a specialist judge in the Constitutional Court, and then ratified before it can be officially carried out by the sheriff. It is, however, imperative to take note that in terms of the Esta Act - and before any eviction proceedings can be carried out in any of the two courts - there are a number of requirements that must be met and whereof proof of compliance should be presented to the court before an eviction order will be granted.
From solar power to solar farm : harnessing the sun's energy for sustainable electricity generation : industry issuesAuthor Simone NieuwoudtSource: Stockfarm 6, pp 14 –15 (2016)More Less
Load shedding in 2015 and the price increase of electricity in the past year have led to a focus shift. The initial cost of solar panels and their installation also became more affordable with a fall in prices of the equipment required. Producers are increasingly considering building solar power systems for domestic use. However, it is also possible to build a larger system (micro solar farm) to sell some of the electricity generated to Eskom. This option is especially handy on farms with a piece of under- or unutilised wasteland.
Source: Stockfarm 6, pp 18 –21 (2016)More Less
"I don't think the most important aspect of working overseas is necessarily the technology young people bring home, for our own levels of farming technology are pretty advanced. It is rather the exposure to a total mind shift. "We have kids in Australia who are milking 1 000 cows on their own. They feed the animals, milk them, clean the parlour and prepare for the next milking - a job that would probably be done with nine or ten workers in South Africa."
Author Noelin Du PlessisSource: Stockfarm 6, pp 22 –23 (2016)More Less
Author Jurie NaudeSource: Stockfarm 6 (2016)More Less
The primary goal of a maintenance lick is to stimulate microbial growth in the rumen in order to increase intake and digestibility of roughage (grazing). The secondary goal is to supplement deficient nutrients to limit weight loss in the dry season. With a production lick, however, the emphasis shifts from maintenance to production.
Source: Stockfarm 6, pp 27 –29 (2016)More Less
The principles and use of production licks are often incorrectly applied, to the detriment of optimal production inputs. This is the view of Dr Hinner Köster, animal nutrition specialist and CEO and shareholder of Kaonne Investments, a holding company consisting of five businesses in the animal nutrition chain.
Source: Stockfarm 6, pp 30 –31 (2016)More Less
However, says Graham Peddie of Kynoch Fertilisers in Dundee, KwaZulu-Natal, producers can use current knowledge and the latest technology for even more efficient fertilisation. By making use of these technologies, they can eliminate possible mistakes during fertilisation and increase profitability. In this article he offers a few tips on improving pasture fertilisation.
Author Petrus Van RooyenSource: Stockfarm 6, pp 32 –35 (2016)More Less
A fodder flow programme is certainly one of the main aspects determining the success of a stock farming enterprise. Now is the ideal time to identify potential gaps in your fodder flow for the next season. PANNAR markets a variety of crops that can be cultivated under irrigation, supplementary irrigation or even dry land conditions. For the purpose of this article, the focus falls on PANNAR's cool season winter-active crops, namely rye grass, forage cereal and Japanese radish.
Author Pieter Le RouxSource: Stockfarm 6 (2016)More Less
Reproduction rate is one of the key profit drivers in livestock farming. A female animal's reproductive system starts developing in the last trimester of pregnancy, in other words before birth. It has been found in sheep that egg cells in the ovaries start developing as early as 50 days before birth. Correct nutrition for the heifer's mother or the lamb's mother during this period is therefore key to successful pre-birth development of the foetus's reproductive system. The mother should have enough bypass protein available during this time,coupled with the best available roughage. This will ensure high milk production of the mother at a later stage, which will ensure optimal growth in the heifer or lamb along with creep feeding. To ensure the highest reproduction rate, the focus in any cattle herd should be reconception of both the breeding cows and the first-calvers after calving. These two groups should preferably not be managed together, to ensure that the heifers receive special care.
Author Andries GouwsSource: Stockfarm 6, pp 39 –41 (2016)More Less
Renewed interest in genetic resistance has been sparked due to the cost of treating livestock diseases, the building of resistance against medications, the fact that few new antibotics have been developed over the past three decades and consumer resistance against the deposition of drugs in meat. The estimated cost of livestock disease control in developed countries comprises up to 20% of producers' turnover, while it can be as high as 35 to 50% in developing nations. The actual cost is probably even higher considering the indirect attributable expenses relating to diseases and their control measures.
Author Clinton AustinSource: Stockfarm 6 (2016)More Less
After a long, harsh winter, spring is here at last. The recent severe environmental conditions meant a rather quiet winter in respect of parasites, but this does not necessarily mean that there will be fewer challenges on the parasite front this coming season. In general the weather prophets are predicting a good rainy season, but these forecasters differ on exactly when the first rains will fall. Independent from the rain, temperatures are rising and parasites will again be active soon. The first rain will simply add fuel to the fire.
Author Johan Van RensburgSource: Stockfarm 6, pp 46 –47 (2016)More Less
It is important to bear in mind that ticks, insects and humans do not 'carry' pulpy kidney, as is the case with Rift Valley fever (RVF). Pulpy kidney bacteria are already found in the gut of all animals, making the situation even more dangerous. It is not always the case that an explosion in the insect population will make cases of pulpy kidney visible. Everything is naturally in place for the disease to cause major losses overnight. Therefore, where ruminants are found, there is always a possibility of pulpy kidney occurring. The pulpy kidney bacteria, Clostridium perfringens Type D, is an ordinary inhabitant of the intestinal canal of sheep, which is also found in relatively small numbers in the gut and in the soil. The bacteria are also found in animal manure. They form resistant spores in the soil and can survive for months.
Author Ellie Van DalenSource: Stockfarm 6 (2016)More Less
In previous editions we discussed the fickleness of different tick species in their search for a host. What happens, however, if they eventually encounter a host to their taste? They remain fussy - this time about where on the host they want to sit down for a meal. The observation structures of the mouth-parts play a major role in finding the special spots where each specific tick species prefers to take in the tastiest and most nutritious blood meal. The search for the right spot on the host is almost like a treasure hunt. The tick feels with its pedipalps as it walks along the skin of the host until the sensory organs pick up a favourable stimulus. It then stops searching and is content to settle there and feed.
Author Frikkie MareSource: Stockfarm 6 (2016)More Less
Many livestock producers were badly hit by the drought, and large-scale herd reductions were made. Even over the past winter, large numbers of animals were slaughtered, as producers' problems increased due to degradation of grazing and they were forced to slaughter even more animals. If we were to experience normal rainfall next year, producers will again have to start building herds.
Source: Stockfarm 6, pp 52 –53 (2016)More Less
Composting is an excellent opportunity for any gardener or small-scale farmer to produce their own nutrient-rich compost for their crops or gardens by using easily accessible materials such as grass clippings, animal manure, leaves or any available substance that is suitable for composting. Decomposition is the process in which organic material (plant and animal remains) is broken down into simpler components, by bacteria and micro-organisms. Due to the nutritious nature of compost, the need for chemical fertilisers is greatly reduced, if not eliminated. In the September edition of Stockfarm, we discussed the nature of compost and how it is made. In this article we outline the different structures that can be used in this regard.