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n Journal of Public Administration - Synergies between an integrated development plan, a service delivery and budget implementation plan (SDBIP) and other related plans for 2005-2006 fiscal year
Municipalities in South African have become focus points for service delivery, economic development, tourism and infrastructure development, safety and security, job creation, poverty eradication or alleviation and environmental sustainability. These are new devolved constitutional obligations, which must be implemented if a developmental role is to be achieved. An integrated development plan is the cutting-edge of a developmental municipality in which priorities and key competencies are identified in relation to the availability of financial resources. An integrated development plan is a road map that provides sign posts to a particular direction and that direction is the Vision of a municipal. It is a living strategic five-year plan of the municipality in which the political direction of the municipality is embedded. It is through the an integrated development plan that consultation and participation by communities, councilors, officials, civic society, sector departments and parastatals is deepened.
Deepening of local and democratic participation requires well-developed structures that seek to promote and enhance participation. Consultation and participation are two sides of the same coin, because they are fundamentally based on a meaningful contribution by all stakeholders in which the latter identify their unique priorities, which may differ from one ward to the other. The an integrated development plan and the budget are "identical twins" but the first-born twin is the an integrated development plan, which seeks to harmonize all processes taking place in a municipal environment. In this sense everything starts and ends with the an integrated development plan, that means no service or priority can be funded if it is not included in the plan. Practical implementation of the an integrated development plan finds its support from budget allocation through the financing of various priorities as identified through public engagements. The intention of the an integrated development plan is that, when municipal departments or other entities conduct their planning they must take cognizance of the financial implications in their planning and also the availability of fiscal resources. The revenue base of most municipalities is inelastic and unable to vigorously respond to the service delivery and infrastructure backlogs. The question of cooperative government between national, provincial and local government on the basis of equitable share on nationally raised revenue is a case in point.
However government cannot "press ahead" alone on these immense challenges of service and infrastructure backlogs, the imperative is that bringing local business sectors into service rendering may yield desired results. It must be acknowledged that the business fraternity has been in the industry for some time and that alone qualifies its administrative and fiscal support to the government. It must be added though that cooperation and partnership do not negate the core responsibilities and functions of municipalities. Rather support must be based on mutual benefit. The paper will strive to address key legislative competencies, priorities, synergies between IDP, budget, SDBIP, Performance Management System and Business Plans as they are relevant to a particular municipality. In addition the paper will explain the processes involved when, how, whom and why the above are critical to the overall performance of the municipality.
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