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n Journal of Public Administration - Promoting accountability as a tool of making government stronger and building partnerships and networks
The state has changed in context, role and influence from the Westphalian model of 1648 that featured centralised authority and territorial confines sanctioned by the theory of sovereignty. This theory purports the supremacy of the government of the state over people, resources and all formations within state borders.
Globalisation coupled with the demise of statist models and the proliferation of democratic systems and greater decentralisation, among other developments, has reconfigured the state, civil society and the relationship between them.
These changes have had profound effects on the role and influence of governments and service delivery. It is acknowledged that the contemporary constellation of forces, capabilities and resources to deliver goods and services are not confined to governments alone. There is a myriad of non-state and non-governmental actors in the arena of civil society that governments must harness in order to provide for the needs of citizens. The demands placed on government have increased, are more complex and daunting. Increasingly, solutions for challenges that governments encounter lie beyond the institutions of government and territorial borders.
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