Journal of Public Administration - Volume 36, Issue 1, 2001
Volumes & issues
Volume 36, Issue 1, 2001
Author C. ThornhillSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 1 –2 (2001)More Less
Since the advent of the newly created fully democratic Republic of South Africa various policies have been adopted by Government. These policies have been published as white papers or as legislation such as the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP), Growth Economic and Redistribution (GEAR), Policy the White Paper on Transforming Public Service Delivery (Batho Pele), the Public Finance Management Act, 1999 (Act 1 of 1999), the Local Government : Municipal Structures Act, 1998 (Act 117 of 1998) the Public Protector Act, 1994 (Act 32 of 1994). Innovative processes and structures have also been introduced e.g. The Budget Council, Local Government Budget Forum, Medium Term Expenditure Framework, parliamentary portfolio Committees, MINMECs and the President's Co-ordinating Committee.
Author Jerry O. KuyeSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 3 –27 (2001)More Less
This paper examines a variety of issues and sub-issues within the realm of equity in the academic workplace or institutions of higher learning. It starts with a clarification of the environments terminology. Debates continue to revolve around the need for preserving excellence, freedom of speech and academic freedom and whether or not equity-based programmes will threaten traditions such as these. There is a fear of displacement on the part of those who have benefited in the past as well as expectation regarding a variety of opportunities, on the part of previously disadvantaged peoples. Also, discussed in this paper are equity issues as they directly impact on academic, administrative and support staff at universities. Labelling, stereotypes, racism, sexism and other issues pertaining to organisational culture are addressed and critically explored. On many an occasion, the focus of equity-based programmes has been on race, with little or no significance attached to the status of women who are either trying to enter, as well as those who are already working or studying within the academic environment. Finally, this paper outlines some considerations with respect to implementing equity programmes on campuses and will conclude with a selection of examples of post-secondary educational institutions with fully operational equity-based programmes.
Author David FourieSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 28 –42 (2001)More Less
The Government of the day fulfills an important role in the development and sustainability of the skills of public officials. This acquired skills is of importance in order to deliver an effective service to all South Africans. The necessary financial resources should be made available to develop and to sustain the skills of public servants. However the lack of these resources can be related to inadequate training programs for officials in the public service.
This brings Government to seek alternative funding. Previous legislation, the Exchequer Act, 1975 (Act 66 of 1975) and accompanying financial regulations did not allow for innovative and creative financial management. With the introduction of the new Public Finance Management Act, 1999, (Act 1 of 1999) as amended, opportunities were created to generate additional sources of income to facilitate the training needs that could not be addressed through a line item budget. Although the generation of additional sources might be seen as a breakthrough, the ethical and moral implications should be taken into consideration.
Author Oumar BouareSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 43 –60 (2001)More Less
Local economic development is dependent on human, natural and capital resources as well as on trade, monetary and fiscal policies. However, ultimately the availability of effective employees remains the crucial requirement for identifying and implementing economic development. The paper argues that employees with low skills could significantly reduce the gross geographical product of provinces and thus compromise South Africa's industrial policy and economic growth and even prevent integrated local economic development.
The loss of revenue due to shortage of effective employees is used as an indicator for local integrated local economic development. An indicator is designed for an industrial policy for South Africa in order to monitor performance of sectoral poles of economic development and incentives are proposed for monitoring and reducing the shortage of effective employees in the country.
Author Enslin Van RooyenSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 61 –80 (2001)More Less
South African local government managers presently face a formidable range of challenges. Over and above the management of the local government institutional transformation processes and associated issues, an equally important management challenge looms, namely the brownfields phenomena. The problem of brownfields impacts widely within South African municipal boundaries. Brownfields are defined as follows : "Abandoned, idled, or under-used industrial and commercial facilities where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination".
A question that confronts local communities in the 21st century is how to provide needed economic opportunities while, at the same time, avoiding the environmental degradation and social inequity that often accompany past models of development. This question is relevant in all spheres of government but particularly imminent for local government. Relations between communities and nature are, and have always been, complex. The socio-physical impact that unsustainable development within municipalities have on community health and nature, are signals that fundamental problems exist. Brownfields are to be found within most highly urbanised and industrialised South African municipalities. By their very nature brownfields are therefore inseparable from issues of social and economic development.
In terms of legislation, South African local governments must submit integrated development plans that set out the authorities' envisaged development strategies for the future. In the event where the above strategies do not reflect a coherent plan for achieving sustainable development which is set to address the needs of the present communities without compromising the ability of future communities to meet their own needs, local government will not be successfully transformed.
What is called for is an integrated environmental management approach amidst the integrated developmental planning and implementation process. In this paper four conditions for the redevelopment of brownfields are identified : community involvement and partnerships, sustainable community development, economic opportunity for business and a strategic vision for urban redevelopment. Arguments are put forward as to why the said four conditions are important to attain sustainable brownfield redevelopment, why the processes of integrated environmental management should be applied in conjunction with integrated development planning and why local government managers have a key responsibility in this regard.
Author Samuel KomaSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 81 –83 (2001)More Less
This book is a result of the contribution of various authors focusing on public service ethics and other core dimensions. All this authors are black academics and glaringly attached to so-called previously disadvantaged black institutions, notably, the University of the North and the University of Venda both situated in the Northern Province of South Africa. Interestingly, these authors have dared to entertain one of the topical issues dominating the South African public service, academia and civil society, that is ethics.