Journal of Public Administration - Volume 36, Issue 2, 2001
Volumes & issues
Volume 36, Issue 2, 2001
Source: Journal of Public Administration 36 (2001)More Less
The study of Public Administration and Management is aimed at promoting efficiency and effectiveness in the administration and management of the public sector. Therefore, the adherence to administrative and service standards are continuously emphasized in undergraduate and post graduate courses. It is expected of students to ensure that assignments, dissertations, theses and examination answers to questions conform to set standards.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 36 (2001)More Less
The Journal of Public Administration wishes to pay tribute to Professor Victor Hilliard who unexpectedly died on 30 August 2001. As one of the most prolific writers on a variety of issues related to Public Administration, his contributions will be deeply missed by the Journal and in academia. He became known as an exponent of freedom of expression and never hesitated to express scientifically based arguments irrespective of the person(s) involved.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 87 –110 (2001)More Less
This article will examine some of the reasons for unethical behaviour within the South African context - particularly within its public sector African context , but also to a lesser extent within the private sector - and will then proceed to seek some appropriate solutions to the unethical behaviour and the corruption plaguing South African society. Although the article does not claim to give exhaustive or definitive solutions to the problem(s), it nevertheless serves as a starting point for seeking sustainable solutions to a problem which could cripple the South African government as well as the economy and could radically affect the way in which the international community views Africa, and South Africa, in Africa in particular, in terms investment opportunities and trade possibilities. The main emphasis in this article is on the refining of a set of global ethics that will steer South Africa into the 21st century and will help it to stay at the cutting-edge of international developments.
In hierdie artikel word oorsaaklike faktore ondersoek wat geld vir onetiese gedrag in die Suid-Afrikaanse konteks en in die besonder in die openbare sektor, maar ook in 'n mindere mate in die privaatsektor, asook om toepaslike oplossings vir onetiese en korrupte gedrag in die samelewing te vind. Terwyl die artikel nie poog om uitgebreide of haarfyn omskrewe oplossings vir die probleme rondom onetiese openbare gedragspatrone voor te hou nie, sal dit nietemin kan dien as 'n vertrekpunt vir 'n soeke na volgehoue oplossings vir etiese probleme wat die Suid-Afrikaanse samelewing en sy ekonomie kan lamlê. Dit geld ook vir die wyse waarop die internasionale gemeenskap die kontinent van Afrika in die algemeen, en Suid-Afrika in die besonder, beskou ten opsigte van beleggingsgeleenthede en handelsmoontlikhede. Die hoofklem van hierdie artikel word geplaas op verfyning van 'n siening van bepaalde en omskrewe globale etiek wat Suid-Afrika in the 21ste eeu kan lei en wat die land sal ondersteun om aan die snypunt van internasionale ontwikkelings te bly.
Author A.S. WamalaSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 111 –124 (2001)More Less
The constitutional and political developments in post 1994 South Africa created opportunities for middle class professional and skilled personnel with reference to career pursuits. This is more so particularly for women and black skilled employees. This may have brought in unintended and unforeseen consequences. Many families of professional personnel no longer live together. Hence a 'new class' of migrant labour has emerged.
The paper discusses the origin or causes of this migrancy. It looks at the potential impact of this migrancy on productivity and service delivery. Part of the major problem centres around conflicting and divided loyalty. The paper presents, through case studies, issues and scenarios which impact negatively on one's performance as result of the separation of families. The paper looks at the results collated from a research on 'migrant' civil servants in the Free State. It is recommended that a relook be taken at the policies to see if the economy could not be re-organised to allow more families to live together.
Author Susan BooysenSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 125 –144 (2001)More Less
This article investigates the major trends in participation in policymaking processes in democratic, post-apartheid South Africa. The major objective of the article is to analyse the changing patterns of core policy actor engagement. The analysis explores both the continuities and the change across significant post-1994 policy eras in South African politics. Significant changes followed from political turning points such as the end of Government of National Unity (GNU), the introduction of the Growth, Economic and Redistribution (Gear) strategy, and the rise to power of President Mbeki. The analysis presents a political-realist perspective on the effect of political power and political culture on policy processes. It departs from conventional policy analyses that link typical actors to each of the stages of policymaking, and that see the policymaking process as primarily a function of the legislature. Instead, the analysis follows a perspective of clusters of policy activity that involve core policy actors, and that are dispersed over three tiers of policymaking. The article identifies core policy communities (primarily located with top-political actors and policy bureaucrats) acting across policy domains. The article links these policy actor trends to political struggle, the consolidation of political liberation, and the effect of globalisation on policymaking processes in South Africa
Research report 2000 : attitude and opinion survey : organisational culture in the South African National Defence Force : research resultAuthor Wikus Van RensburgSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 145 –168 (2001)More Less
Six years after the coming into being of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) a survey was done to determine group cohesion and group identity within the SANDF. The measure of group cohesion, group identity and desired behaviour within the SANDF was determined by the members' identification with a proposed value system. The survey was conducted by means of a self-administered structured omnibus of questionnaires during the period July to August 2000. The purpose of this survey was to determine to what extent personnel of the SANDF identify with a proposed value system.
The proposed value system for the SANDF was determined from prescriptive policy for the SANDF, tendencies in modern warfare, functions of modern Defence Forces and the two popular cultures within South Africa namely Ubuntu Culture and Western culture.
The focus of this report will be on the respondents' orientation / identification with the proposed value system of the SANDF. The responses of 2 596 respondents were eventually analysed and interpreted.
HIV / AIDS - the slow onset disaster : disaster management perspectives and challenges into the new millenium : viewpointSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 169 –181 (2001)More Less
One of the most extensive challenges that ordinary South Africans, and more specifically, the South African government is faced with, is to find a way to manage the looming HIV / AIDS disaster that is unfolding in our midst. The successful management of HIV / AIDS requires a holistic and integrated multisectoral approach that in essence is underpinned by disaster management principles.
Notwithstanding the multiple and costly efforts from government, the evident rise in the statistics in HIV / AIDS seem to challenge those advocates that want South Africans and the world to believe that the HIV / AIDS epidemic is well under control. However, it deserves to be mentioned that government is indeed involved in various initiatives in an attempt to manage the HIV / AIDS epidemic successfully.
In this article it would be argued that the management of HIV / AIDS according to disaster management principles is a possible solution to successfully manage the HIV / AIDS epidemic. The management of HIV/AIDS according to disaster management principles would lead to the suggestion that AIDS is a typical slow-onset disaster. In order for government to effectively manage HIV / AIDS, it would be necessary to adopt an integrated, and multisectoral disaster management approach.
In the absence of a medical cure, the management of the HIV/AIDS epidemic according to disaster management principles, is possibly an alternative way to understand and manage the HIV/AIDS epidemic successfully in South Africa.