Journal of Public Administration - Volume 36, Issue 3, 2001
Volumes & issues
Volume 36, Issue 3, 2001
Author C. ThornhillSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 183 –184 (2001)More Less
The study of Public Administration and Management could be viewed from different perspectives. Academics may tend to approach subject matter epistemologically. Theories are developed and tested regarding e.g. policy-formulation and evaluation, human resource management and financial administration and management.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 185 –201 (2001)More Less
The diversity management approach is essential for all public institutions in functioning effectively within the diverse local, national and international environments. It is important that management knows the environment within which they are making such an application in order to be able to apply the correct strategy or combination of strategies in the correct circumstances and at the right time, that is, a contingency approach.
As a result of the greater awareness of and insistence on the employment of employees from various cultural groups, the acknowledgement of gender equality and the reality of various age groups, the corps of employees reflect greater diversity than a decade or two ago. Employees from diverse environments with divergent abilities are able to satisfy the various needs of clients more effectively, thereby gaining legitimacy.
On the basis of research it seems that the creation of a mission, creative leadership, the predisposition and involvement of senior management, the attainment of objectives, communication, the creation of positive diverse interaction and partnerships are clear indicators of a goal-orientated diversity management.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 202 –226 (2001)More Less
The South African Constitutional imperative of utilising the public service to drive the transformation of South African society places high demands on public service personnel; implying a need for urgent management training. The White Paper on the Transformation of the Public Service (South Africa 1995) recognises this dire need for relevant training, placing it against the backdrop of past discriminatory education and training practices and the requirements resulting from global changes and challenges.
The stated requirements, coupled with changes in the education market globally, have forced higher education institutions to review and rethink their educational strategies, resulting, inter alia, in the transformation of training and education, including the utilisation of new innovations and opportunities in education.
This paper seeks to explore the initiatives taken by Pretoria Technikon, South Africa, in response to the training needs in the South African public service. It explains how a new educational strategy - Telematic Education; a flexible educational strategy that emphasises the innovative application of Information and Communication Technologies - is being implemented as one of the strategic initiatives to accommodate the increasing and diverse needs for public service management education and training in South Africa.
Author Andre C. JordaanSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 227 –244 (2001)More Less
The process of economic development can be seen as a process of expanding the capabilities of people. This process should include the notion of human development by means of capacity building and empowering the decision-makers. Growth-enhancing policies should therefore be implemented and evaluated in terms of policy success. This paper has a contribution to make in terms of the existing literature on providing an economic measure of policy success by means of a quality of life index. Agents of government sometimes have limited authority and capacity and need guidelines to strengthen their competence to limit the potential dangers of resource wastage or misallocation. The decisions made by the authorities will inevitably affect the inhabitants of a specific area, the social order, environmental issues and economic activities. Authorities should be empowered to measure quality of life in order to evaluate their own policy outcomes. The purpose is to develop a single index that may be used as an instrument to measure quality of life over time. The main objective would be to develop a quality of life index which is comprehensive, yet simple to use and apply.
Author F.H. SmithSource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 245 –272 (2001)More Less
The Republic of South Africa with its rapid growing population is not richly endowed with natural resources such as water and cultivable land, yet 130 000 hectares of this scarce land was set aside by the authorities in the northern parts of the Western Cape province as the Cederberg Wilderness Area. It is obvious that this action was not appreciated by everyone as there will always be a clash of interests between the conservationists and the agriculturists on the utilization of the natural resources. Reference will be made to those factors to consider in the conservation of the area by describing its geographical area, reasons for its conservation and of the actions taken by the authorities to achieve the conservation goals.
Character makes leaders : horsemanship training and the development of Junior officer leadership at the South African Military AcademySource: Journal of Public Administration 36, pp 273 –282 (2001)More Less
The Military Academy, situated in Saldanha, is a unit of the South African National Defence Force. It consists of four sections namely Faculty of Military Science, Centre for Military Studies, Support Services and the Section Military Development.
The Section Military Development ensures a military environment that is conducive to academic studies, structured professional military development and sporting achievements. This section focuses on the development of professional military abilities, skills and traits. The Equestrian Centre is one of the sub-sections of the Section Military Development, and is responsible for the horsemanship training that is presented once every semester to all first year students.
It is believed that certain organised efforts by the Section Military Development have a positive influence on the development of character traits of young officers. The contribution of these development efforts towards character development of young Military Academy officers has however never been tested. During the year 2000 research was done in an attempt to fill this gap by determining the perceptions of students who undergo horsemanship training (one of several development programs); that being perceptions regarding the contribution of this form of training towards the development of particular character traits such as physical and moral courage, self control, confidence, acceptance of advice and criticism, the rendering of selfless service and the ability to withstand setbacks.
The results of the research indicate that the majority of young officers experienced horsemanship training as a significant contributing activity towards the development of aforementioned character traits.