Journal of Public Administration - Volume 37, Issue 3, 2002
Volumes & issues
Volume 37, Issue 3, 2002
Author C. ThornhillSource: Journal of Public Administration 37, pp 185 –186 (2002)More Less
The establishment of the African Union (AU) during July 2002 emphasized the importance of supra-national bodies in co-ordinating the developmental efforts of member states in an African context. The establishment of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in 1992 could be considered as an important development in Southern Africa to obtain co-operation in a sub-continental context which could even be considered to be a prerequisite for the successful operation of the AU. SADC has already proven that states with widely divergent physical, economic, political and social characteristics could co-operate successfully. SADC has also illustrated that members could assist one another in finding solutions for internal challenges.
The functioning of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the primary characteristics of the member statesSource: Journal of Public Administration 37, pp 187 –211 (2002)More Less
The article describes the formation of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and reflects on the structure and value of the institution within the region. The concept of intergovernmental relations (IGR) is defined and the commonalities with regards to intergovernmental structures and the establishment thereof, between SADC member states, are discussed. The SADC comprises fourteen vastly different and diverse countries and mention is made of the size, population composition and government types of each of the countries and its impact on the creation and viability of intergovernmental relations.
Author N. HoltzhausenSource: Journal of Public Administration 37, pp 212 –231 (2002)More Less
The article describes the influence of colonialism on the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and reflects on the political legacy left to the region by the European empires. The historical perspective provides an overview on the so-called "scramble for Africa" and provides some of the reasons for colonialisation. The specific situations in the SADC states are discussed, their unique histories, the struggle for independence as well as current situations with regard to political structures and situations.
Author Lianne MalanSource: Journal of Public Administration 37, pp 232 –247 (2002)More Less
This article examines the impact of the establishment of regional and sub-regional structures on intergovernmental relations in states that are members of the South African Development Community (SADC). It provides an overview of decentralization in the SADC states and reviews the influence of forms of government on intergovernmental relations. The regional and sub-regional structures in each member state are outlined and discussed. This article concludes that intergovernmental relations in the SADC states cannot be analyzed without emphasizing the impact of power relations on intergovernmental relations and co-operative government.
Generic conditions impacting on the development of structures in Southern African Development Community Countries (SADC) and influencing intergovernmental relationsAuthor Marie-Jane OdendaalSource: Journal of Public Administration 37, pp 248 –264 (2002)More Less
The development of government structures and intergovernmental relations is a challenging task. In SADC countries this is an even greater challenge because government structures and intergovernmental relations are often shaped and influenced by traditional and political conditions. Traditional conditions on the one hand encompass the system of traditional authority where chiefs or traditional leaders are afforded a particular level of power and that is mostly of an advisory nature. Political conditions on the other hand refer to the degree that government structures are centralized or democratized.
Government structures in SADC countries are highly centralized. The centralized nature of these government structures is influenced by issues such as civil wars and tribal conflicts. In addition, SADC countries were historically subjected to colonial governments and colonial rule that resulted in their subsequent need to establish strong national governments after independence. Recently there has, however, been a wave toward a process of democratization. There is a greater civil awareness of the right to vote, the need to respect election results, the protection of free discussion and participation and the inclusion of civil society in the management of state affairs. There is also a deeper understanding of the ideals of the division of power between the various levels or tiers of government and the idea of inclusion rather than exclusion of people in government processes. It is within this context that this paper will reflect on the traditional and political conditions in SADC countries that had an impact on the development of government structures and intergovernmental relations.
The dynamics of population density, ethnicity, and area in the Southern African Development Community's (SADC) Intergovernmental RelationsAuthor D.M. MelloSource: Journal of Public Administration 37, pp 265 –276 (2002)More Less
For purposes of facilitating the delivery of services, SADC countries are divided into regions / provinces and local areas. In this article, it is argued that population density, ethnic groups and the size of SADC countries are important factors to be considered in the demarcation of each country into manageable administrative regions. The establishment of administrative regions, in turn, necessitates the creation of intergovernmental structures that are responsible for the co-ordination of the activities of two or more spheres of government.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 37, pp 277 –279 (2002)More Less
Academics may submit abstracts of completed doctoral theses to the editor for inclusion in the Journal. This could serve to introduce the most recent research results in the dicipline of Public Administration and also could indicate the focus areas of the different tertiary educational institutions in South Africa.
The first abstract serves to introduce the service and to invite academics to submit abstracts.