Journal of Public Administration - Volume 38, Issue 1, 2003
Volumes & issues
Volume 38, Issue 1, 2003
Establishing administrative culture in South Africa : a case of legitimacy, ethics and trust in the face of globalisationAuthor A.M. SindaneSource: Journal of Public Administration 38, pp 2 –16 (2003)More Less
The absence of a universally accepted administrative culture in the field of public administration is perhaps the most noticeable as the world enters the 21st century. Developed countries have shirked the responsibility of establishing such a culture and this has left the Third World in a quandary as they seek to learn from their developed counterparts. Whereas the problems of establishing a universal administrative culture may be varied, ranging as it were from politics, social and economic factors, the introduction of the New Public Management approach seems to exacerbates the situation. In Third World countries the problem is compounded by lack of political stability, economic woes as well as the multi-culturality of the society. Dominant public administration approaches for both the study and the practice have in the past not laid enough emphasis on the establishment of a universal administrative culture . Granted that administration is time and place bound, the existence of a universal administrative culture could go a long way in assisting developing countries in determining if their administrations are in line with globally accepted standards.
This paper seeks to investigate the possibilities of the establishment of a globally acceptable administrative culture. The point of departure is South Africa as the focal point. The Constitutional provisions and concomitant legislative frameworks form the foundations for the establishment of an acceptable administrative culture. However South Africa is a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic country, hence the investigation will cover aspects of the legitimacy of government and the practices of its institutions. Because cultural norms and values vary among geographic regions and ethnic groups within a country, the impact of these variations on administrative culture will be considerable.
State-societal relations in contested confines : corporatist regimes and the informal political economy with reference to South AfricaAuthor Pieter CroucampSource: Journal of Public Administration 38, pp 17 –30 (2003)More Less
This paper reflects on the conceptual and operational confines of corporatist theory and suggests that it be reviewed to include regime theory. Broadening the discourse in such a way will enhance the explanatory value of corporatist theory as a frame of reference, and allows for the inclusion of the informal political economy in the context of state formation and democracy in developing political economies.
Author Wikus Van RensburgSource: Journal of Public Administration 38, pp 31 –42 (2003)More Less
On 26 May 1999 the Constitutional Court of South Africa ruled in favour of members of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) been granted labour rights and to join military trade unions (MTUs); to partake in their activities; to engage in collective bargaining; and to enjoy fair labour practices. A labour rights policy was drafted for the SANDF and implemented on 26 August 1999. A Military Bargaining Council (MBC) was established where negotiations with the MTUs take place in order to address matters of a collective nature.
Two prominent military trade unions were established - the South African National Defence Force Union (SANDU) and the South African Security Forces Union (SASFU). It was mainly due to the efforts of the Chairperson of SANDU that military trade unions were legalised in South Africa. Now, three years after the watershed decision by the Constitutional Court, the question can be asked what the positive contributions of MTUs were for their members.
Author Marie-Jane OdendaalSource: Journal of Public Administration 38, pp 43 –58 (2003)More Less
The challenge facing South African metropolitan government is to help improve the quality of life of its local communities for the present and future generations without depleting the natural resources at their disposal. Three elements are required to achieve sustainable local communities and to improve their quality of life namely a healthy environment, a prosperous economy and social equity. It is a multifaceted and integrated process that requires a new perspective to understand the complex relation between the economy, society and the environment. Furthermore, it requires a sustainable development approach through which economic prosperity, environmental quality and social equity can be pursued. Such an approach challenges metropolitan governments to "... become more capable of creating prosperity and ensuring health and security for all citizens in a way that is beneficial, self reliant and ongoing." (Cape Metropolitan Area: SOE: Towards Sustainability 2002:1).
Author F.D. DeaconSource: Journal of Public Administration 38, pp 59 –63 (2003)More Less
The viewpoint published in March proposed that international law afforded South Africa jurisdiction in its adjoining seas. It was further argued that this requires South Africa to properly govern this territory and that current arrangements in South Africa are in need of review. The viewpoint was written at a conceptual level, it raised the notion of viewing the ocean territory as a "10th Province" and that the governance of the "province" needed to be more formal if it is to be significantly improved.