Journal of Public Administration - Volume 39, Issue 2, 2004
Volumes & issues
Volume 39, Issue 2, 2004
Source: Journal of Public Administration 39 (2004)More Less
The South African Association of Public Administration and Management (SAAPAM), intends conferring two awards at the forthcoming 2004 annual conference, one for the best academic and the other for the best practitioner in the field of Public Administration and Management. The main purpose of these awards is to identify and acknowledge government employees and academics who excel in their work. "Today, it is more important than ever that effective an efficient government (employees and academics) be recognized, reinforced and whenever possible imitated with the hope of providing better service to the public."
The Fifth Annual Conference of SAAPAM
25-26 November 2004
Boardwalk: Summerstrand, Port Elizabeth : call for papersSource: Journal of Public Administration 39 (2004)More Less
Author C. ThornhillSource: Journal of Public Administration 39, pp 253 –254 (2004)More Less
South African public administration has experienced major changes during the past decade. All inhabitants can now demand services irrespective of their social or financial status. Everyone is equal before the law. The public institutions appoint personnel in accordance with internationally accepted practices. One such piece of legislation that compels employers to be objective in their selection of candidates for appointment is inter alia the Employment Equity Act, 1998 (Act 55 of 1998). The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 (Act 108 of 1996) states unambiguously that democracy and non-discrimination are cornerstones for the new public sector. This applies equally to the public employees in all three spheres of government as to the clients of public services. The question that needs to be addressed, is whether the administrative system honours the government's vision and policies? The news media often report cases of corruption, malpractices, theft, inefficiency and non-delivery of services. Government has introduced various incentives to promote training and incentives to improve service delivery. The question should again be asked : why does service delivery not improve?
Contextualizing the guidelines of public administration within the selected African community valuesAuthor N.E. TshikwatambaSource: Journal of Public Administration 39, pp 255 –271 (2004)More Less
The article contextualizes the guidelines of public administration within selected African community values. The fact that it is the guidelines that are contextualized and not values within the guideline is fundamental to the delimitation and the articulation of the identified problem. Importantly, it is the cultural value aspects that inform the guidelines and not vice versa. The article is on the selected African values in that there could be other values that are not necessarily referred to in this work. The selection of the values in question is not based on the assumption that they are of the first class importance in relation to those that are not a point of reference, rather they are selected to circumscribe and locate this inquiry relevantly and appropriately. The article provides conceptual demonstrable evidence pertaining the African cultures and values, and navigates the contextual formulation of the guidelines to be observed while public officials interact with the African communities. The interaction and provision of meanings, contextual relevant to the topic provide terminological precision. The Emmanditsh Culture Value Guideline Model substantiates the enhanced argument specifically in terms of the African cultures and values. The model can be applied in generic terms to pursue the formulation of guidelines appropriate to the cultures of other non-African population groupings. The cultures and values of a specific community are core considerations while the guidelines are peripheral and dependent on the acceptable belief system of the members of the community. These cultural value aspects that are selected for discussion are namely : ubuntu, collectivism, traditionalism and specifically oral tradition as well as spiritualism. The discussion on these aspects is enhanced as perceived through the African eyes of the mind.
Author E.P. AbabioSource: Journal of Public Administration 39, pp 272 –289 (2004)More Less
Local government in South Africa faces many challenges, and one of these is the encouragement of the community and community based organisations in local government matters. This is a constitutional obligation which tends to pose dilemmas for municipal councils. Meaningful participatory government requires active and direct involvement of the community in matters that affect their well-being. Given the history of local government in the country this might seem far-fetched. Community participation has now become a buzzword in local government circles and special legislation has been enacted to make community participation an obligation in municipal administration and management. Many members of the community are excluded or are unwilling to involve themselves in matters of local governance. Effective strategies need to be devised to engage community participation in enhancing service delivery.
Author M.J. MafunisaSource: Journal of Public Administration 39, pp 290 –301 (2004)More Less
Municipal employees should not only strive towards attainment of predetermined goals, they should also ensure that in the quest for those goals they adhere to ethical standards. These ethical standards include efficiency, economy and diligence. In this manuscript factors contributing to efficiency and effectiveness in local government are identified and explained. These factors include internal organizational arrangements, institutional climate and motivation. The manuscript also focuses on the efficiency and effectiveness of various categories of municipalities in South Africa. These categories are Category A, Category B and Category C. Lastly, attention is paid to how municipalities can measure their responsiveness to communal needs, by measuring the efficiency and effectiveness of municipal services.
Domestic and socio-economic influences on the performance of African women managers in the Free State Provincial AdministrationSource: Journal of Public Administration 39, pp 302 –321 (2004)More Less
The purpose of this article is to investigate the domestic and socio-economic influences on the performance of African women managers in the Free State Provincial Administration. The effectiveness of the African woman manager in the Public Service is playing an increasingly important role in service delivery, as more and more women are being appointed in managerial posts. The public sector with its various governmental institutions has led the way for the introduction of women into the professional and managerial echelons and has thus been the core of sweeping changes. A survey questionnaire targeting the 79 African women managers in the Free State Provincial Administration was conducted. This was followed by a focus group discussion amongst eight participants from the original sample, as a supporting method of data collection. On a demographic level, significant information was derived from the research. It became apparent that African women managers in the Free State Provincial Administration functioned independently in the social, economic and professional spheres of their lives. The respondents were financially independent, career-orientated and valued having children of their own. They preferred a lifestyle that would fulfil their needs, while also contributing to the enhancement of their skills and effectiveness as professional women.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 39, pp 322 –340 (2004)More Less
Leadership is a popular topic in organisational behaviour because of the assumed role it plays in group and organisational effectiveness. It is assumed that the success of a group depends primarily on the quality of leadership. The ability to inspire and motivate others and transform them into committed contributors to the organisation is the function of leadership. There is an assumption that, looking for an overarching model of 'leadership' can be both futile and counterproductive, and it is an accepted fact that there is no 'one best way' to teach leadership. In this article leadership theories are combined to provide an overarching "model" to teach military leadership.
Ecologically sustainable development in the utilization of natural resources : the Cederberg Wilderness Area experienceAuthor F.H. SmithSource: Journal of Public Administration 39, pp 341 –362 (2004)More Less
Ecologically sustainable development in the utilization of the natural resources is a prerequisite for an environment protected for the benefit of the present and future generations of the Republic of South Africa. Cognisance will be taken of those factors which contributed to or which prevented the realisation of this goal in the Cederberg Wilderness Area. Reference will be made to those factors by describing its geographical area, factors assisting and mitigating against sustainable development and utilization of resources, and research projects in the area. Lastly, the future management and resource utilization will be considered.