Journal of Public Administration - Volume 40, Issue 2, 2005
Volumes & issues
Volume 40, Issue 2, 2005
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp III –V (2005)More Less
Author C. ThornhillSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 103 –104 (2005)More Less
South Africa, as is the case with the rest of Africa, is faced with increasing pressure by its citizens to improve their living conditions. Various marches are held in various countries to highlight the dilemmas of the developing countries regarding the effects of poverty and the debt of African countries. The demonstrators shout slogans to focus the attention of the richer donor countries on the need to alleviate poverty in the developing countries and in that way to increase the ability of such countries to devote more resources to improve the rendering of basic services to the respective poor communities of society.
Author S.M. BinzaSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 105 –120 (2005)More Less
The objective of this paper is to clarify the nature of a learning organization and to explain how the South African Public Service can become a learning organization. The paper identifies forces contributing to increased pressures on the Public Service to become a learning organization. With globalisation becoming a reality, the people's [customer] demands for quality goods and services have led the Public Service to recognize the need to adopt a new paradigm of learning. The paper argues that learning can be a source of competitive advantage to the degree that it motivates and enables the Public Service as an organization and officials to be more productive and effective in providing quality service in an ever-changing environment. The paper is an attempt to integrate a number of different perspectives on the learning organization, with a focus towards practice and application in the public sector. The paper begins by giving a definition and background to provide a sense of how the concept of a learning organization developed. Next the focus is on two types of learning, namely: action learning and strategic learning. The paper concludes that public organizations need to engage in scientific market research, staff development, and performance management to acquire knowledge and skills through continuous learning, not only for their career paths, but also for organizational success and service delivery improvements.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 121 –135 (2005)More Less
The social and political changes that emanated from the transformation process in South Africa had an effect on all spheres of government. The local sphere of government has particularly been affected by the changes since it is the sphere closest to the people and directly responsible for municipal service delivery.
This article aims to identify and analyse the status and relevance of managerial skills in the local sphere of government as well as its influence on municipal service delivery. Managers in municipalities should exhibit particular skills and competencies in order to fulfil their developmental role and provide quality municipal services to inhabitants. The article focuses specifically on category B municipalities, as categorised in terms of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 (Act 108 of 1996).
The institutional capacity as well as its influence on municipal service delivery is furthermore investigated. The availability of the necessary resources, systems, procedures and managerial tools at municipalities will be investigated in order to determine whether they could provide adequate support to managers.
The government of South Africa has committed itself to the improvement of the skills levels of public officials and to establish a culture of learning in the public service. For these purposes legislation and policies pertaining to skills development and training have also been promulgated. This article briefly outlines the various legislative requirements pertaining to skills development and training, and furthermore make recommendations in this regard.
Assessment of the status of HRD in the North West province - the case of the Office of the Premier and the Department of EducationAuthor L. MasiloSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 136 –150 (2005)More Less
Since the advent of democracy in South Africa in 1994, the government has been grappling with how to address the legacy of apartheid, when the majority of the country's citizens did not have access to training and development opportunities. Such opportunities were therefore skewed towards one sector of the South African population. A diversity of legislation has been enacted since 1994 to deal with problems around human resource development. The question that arises ten years hence is what has been achieved with human resource development (HRD) and if not, what are the challenges experienced and how can these be addressed. The article begins with a brief literature review on HRD focusing on linkages between human resources development and training. This provides a theoretical framework. This is followed by an empirical overview of HRD programmes and projects undertaken in the public service of the North West province since 1994 and their value. This will be done within the context of the legislative framework as shall be explained. The article concludes with recommendations on how to improve human resource development in the public service and the identification of areas for further research.
Applying the Public Service Anti-Corruption Strategy in pursuit of accountable South African public administrationAuthor W. WebbSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 151 –165 (2005)More Less
Although corruption is a global phenomenon, it is especially in developing countries where it manifests itself unchecked. Whereas developed countries have more advanced market systems, deep rooted administrative and political institutions and extensive press freedom, developing countries are generally characterised by an absence of liberal democratic institutions, free press, citizens' rights and market forces. A number of causes of corrupt behaviour can be listed, such as, excessive discretion, outdated and inadequate policies and procedures, insufficient supervision, deficient control and accountability, and lack of ethical awareness. Various remedies to curb corrupt activities exist, inter alia, education in ethics and training of public officials and political office-bearers, codes of conduct and codes of ethics, and constitutional mechanisms such as the Auditor-General, Public Protector and Public Service Commission. In 2002 the South African Government, in an attempt to combat and prevent corruption, accepted the Public Service Anti Corruption Strategy. This strategy includes plans to increase the institutional capacity of government departments to prevent and combat corruption, train and educate public officials and political office-bearers, and increase the ethical awareness of the public. In this article, the results of an audit of the anti-corruption capabilities of government departments, as well as an ethics survey, determining the extent to which ethics is integrated into day-to-day activities of government departments, are evaluated. These results indicate the need to apply the considerations of the Public Service Anti Corruption Strategy rigorously.
Author H.F. De WetSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 166 –175 (2005)More Less
In his book, Understanding Public Policy, Dye (1998: 116-125) discusses reasons why the poor are poor and inter alia points to public policy as a cause of poverty. During the apartheid years in South Africa (1948-1994) an apartheid budget was developed according to which pro rata allocations by the state were made based on the pro rata tax contributions by the various population groups to the Treasury (Van den Berg 1992: 66-67).
The primary social and economic (welfare) objectives of the first democratically elected ANC-government was published in their Reconstruction and Development Program (RDP). One of its stated objectives is to strive for a more equitable distribution of income amongst various population groups in South Africa.
Changes in the welfare of the different population groups in South Africa can be measured through the construction and analyses of welfare budgets. These welfare budgets could then be examined to determine to what extent welfare redistribution did occur in 1994. They can also be used to predict the theoretical scope for future income redistribution through government taxation and expenditure that will allow the government to honour its social and economic (welfare) obligations to the majority of the population of South Africa.
Participatory Development: A Development Management Perspective, I. Davids, F. Theron and K.J. Maphunye : book reviewAuthor Vino NaidooSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 176 –177 (2005)More Less
Participatory Development: A Development Management Perspective (Van Schaik Publishers) is a welcome addition to the growing list of titles aimed at re-conceptualising the role and reinvigorating the local study of government administration in developmental activities. Designed primarily as an academic text, the book comprises a broad historical overview of concepts, practices, policy prescripts and their research implications. It provides a comprehensive introduction with a local flavour to fundamental questions about the interface between government, the private sector, non-governmental organisations and public constituencies, and is particularly well suited to second year students of politics and public administration.