Journal of Public Administration - Volume 40, Issue 3, 2005
Volumes & issues
Volume 40, Issue 3, 2005
Author C. ThornhillSource: Journal of Public Administration 40 (2005)More Less
Scholars interested in the affairs of the state and in particular the decisions and the actions required to attain the goals of the government in power have to survey a wide field of activities, policies and related matters. It is required of scholars and also of public sector managers to approach public affairs with an open mind. Care should be taken that a parochial approach is not followed. This implies that attention should not be focussed on the narrow field of operation that is within the immediate area of interest of the particular academic or public manager. No one operates on an island as the state and all its components form a subsystem that is distinctive yet interdependent and interrelated with the system of states throughout the world. Therefore scholars and practioners should become, or remain in contact with matters affecting their field of expertise or area of operation within a global context.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 295 –313 (2005)More Less
Waste management, one of the main service functions of local authorities, has traditionally been confined to mainly urban areas. Environmental problems caused by poor waste management practices are, however, not confined to urban areas. Although less significant in terms of volume, rural waste poses greater logistical challenges to service delivery. Rural population and landowners are generally not served by public removal services and are mostly prohibited from using existing urban disposal facilities. As a result disposal of waste is often environmentally unsound. This paper uses a case study on the densely settled fringe of the Cape Town Metropole to demonstrate the use of advanced computing to improve spatial planning for sustainable waste removal service delivery at the local level. Spatial distribution of waste generation is modeled in a geographical information system (GIS) from population household statistics and standard urban household waste generation figures. Multi-criteria analysis (MCE) is employed as a decision-support tool to locate suitable sites for a network of waste transfer stations. Network analysis is finally utilised to demarcate service areas and to optimally allocate waste generators to transfer stations. The waste removal capacity of the local authority serves to set criteria for an envisioned future service delivery system.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 314 –327 (2005)More Less
This article attempts to describe the formation of public choice and the role that government should play in accommodating this in its regulatory environment. The need to foster institutions arises from certain intrinsic qualities of society at large, such as the limited capacity of individuals to address public issues. Collective needs are often expressed and one of the roles of an institution such as government is to address these needs. It is assumed that government should, in the design of optimal public policy, adhere to human response and take cognisance of public choice. There is evidence that the general public in South Africa are concerned about the protection of their personal information when engaging in transactions with business enterprises and that they expect government to enforce protection. Although very strict information privacy laws exist in many countries of the international world, South Africa is still a surprising exception. Given the ostensible role of government in harnessing public choice, it is evident that the regulatory environment concerning the protection of consumer information in South Africa is not yet successfully addressed, let alone adheres to international best practices.
Author E.P. AbabioSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 328 –340 (2005)More Less
The greatest enemy that faces mankind in the twenty first century, after the effects of World War II, is undoubtedly, the syndrome HIV / AIDS. It is a World War III in that it has mankind of all nations as targets. The predominance however, is in Africa, in view of the causal factors that emerge from general underdevelopment. The pandemic has already taken toll on governance issues for African governments.
In South Africa the effects of the dreaded disease are equally severe. It is estimated that by 2008, 6 million South Africans could be infected by the disease; and average life expectancy is likely to fall from 60 to 40 years. Over the next decade the number of employees lost to AIDS could be the equivalent of 40 percent of the available workforce. The disease is proving expensive in terms of rising cost of employee benefits, labor turnover, on staff morale, shortage of skilled labour, and a reduction in GDP growth rates.
The above scenario of flashpoints to mankind survival requires the development of concerted and sustainable policies for combat and prevention of the disease. The advent of democracy in South Africa has had an impact on policy formulation on HIV / AIDS. The nation's Chief Executive has explained the cause of the disease from a holistic point of view and, as systems theory would postulate, there had been inputs, demands, and court decisions as feedback. This article examines the extent of HIV / AIDS impact on the South African population; it outlines the trend of inclusive policy formulation interaction amongst stakeholders, and posits that Government policy on HIV / AIDS has been holistic, both in process of policy formulation and in content, yet awareness among the most vulnerable seems minimal.
Author Y. PenciliahSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 341 –351 (2005)More Less
Eleven years into democracy, an enormous challenge facing South Africa is closing the gap between the rhetoric and the reality of gender equality. Since the advent of democracy, major legislative changes have been effected to ensure there is redress to the injustices of the past. This has resulted in a progressive Constitution. Also, there are policies in place that will enable organizations to close the gap between those who benefited from discriminatory policies of the past and the ones that were discriminated against.
The focus of this article is on women in public management in South Africa, namely, the Public Service. It examines, inter alia, women and the struggle for equality; the influence of socio-cultural phenomena; the representation of women in the management echelons of the Public Service, both pre and post democracy. Finally, the paper offers strategies that can enhance the entry and advancement of women in management, particularly in the Public Service.
Author Eric NealerSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 352 –360 (2005)More Less
In South Africa the impact of all training and development initiatives are being assessed with reference to the extent to which they promote overall performance and the achievement of the policy goals and priorities of the current African National Congress led government. In this way a form of macro organising and coordination of all learning and acquired knowledge and skills manifests and becomes an ongoing and integral part of the public service transformation and development process of this developing country.
In the light of the above mentioned, UNISA as a whole and the Department of Public Administration and Management in particular had to revisit its policy on macro organisational aspects such as the nature of the ever increasing competition in the tertiary distance teaching environment, the range, variety and quality of its products and the facilitation and rendering of an improved tertiary distance teaching service by means of among others, more effective market research, communication, coordination and service rendering to the distance learning students of South Africa.
In this article the typical nature of the intra and inter academic liaison regarding the Department of Public Administration and Management at UNISA will be highlighted and an attempt will be made to come up with some realistic and easy achievable methods to influence the nature of academic liaison in a more positive sense. It is part of UNISA's and especially the Department's responsibility to fulfil a leading stakeholder's role on the terrain of public administration and management within the developing public service and public sector of South Africa. This can be brought about by pursuing, accomplishing, installing, updating and extending a wide variety of effective and significant ways of academic liaison.