n Journal of Public Administration - Rural solid waste management : a planning strategy for higher density agricultural regions

Volume 40, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0036-0767



Waste management, one of the main service functions of local authorities, has traditionally been confined to mainly urban areas. Environmental problems caused by poor waste management practices are, however, not confined to urban areas. Although less significant in terms of volume, rural waste poses greater logistical challenges to service delivery. Rural population and landowners are generally not served by public removal services and are mostly prohibited from using existing urban disposal facilities. As a result disposal of waste is often environmentally unsound. This paper uses a case study on the densely settled fringe of the Cape Town Metropole to demonstrate the use of advanced computing to improve spatial planning for sustainable waste removal service delivery at the local level. Spatial distribution of waste generation is modeled in a geographical information system (GIS) from population household statistics and standard urban waste generation figures. Multi-criteria analysis (MCE) is employed as a decision-support tool to locate suitable sites for a network of waste transfer stations. Network analysis is finally utilised to demarcate service areas and to optimally allocate waste generators to transfer stations. The waste removal capacity of the local authority serves to set criteria for an envisioned future service delivery system.

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