Journal of Public Administration - Special issue 2, November 2005
Volumes & issues
Special issue 2, November 2005
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 361 –363 (2005)More Less
It is the mission of SAAPAM to encourage research in Public Administration and Management. This special issue of the Journal of Public Administration provides an extra opportunity for universities to contribute actively to the growth in knowledge of the Discipline. The research contained in this issue could serve to support the practice of public administration in the country, but that it is also an opportunity for both more accomplished researchers and beginners to contribute to the (P)public (A)administration debate.
The management of the selection and supervision of postgraduate research students in Public Administration : facing difficult challengesAuthor D.J. BrynardSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 364 –376 (2005)More Less
The throughput rates of postgraduate research students in Public Administration seem to be relatively low, the drop-out rates very high and the quality of postgraduate research rather poor. In an attempt to address this unfortunate situation, this article focuses on the management of the selection process of prospective postgraduate students as well as the supervision of such students. It is proposed that an admission policy be employed, which provides for a period of grace during which maximum intellectual and technical support can be rendered by a specialist committee to prospective students. This is then followed by an important selection process of appropriate supervisors, to ensure that admitted students and supervisors are well-matched. To further empower the supervisory relationship, a well-managed system of joint supervision is employed to ensure a teamwork approach which promises benefits to both the student and the supervisor.
Writing research proposals for theses and dissertations in Public Administration : problematic aspects of foundational skillsAuthor C.J. AuriacombeSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 377 –391 (2005)More Less
This article focuses on the challenges associated with those foundational skills that are crucial in the initial phase of writing and submitting a research proposal for masters' and doctoral degrees at universities. A brief outline is provided of the meaning of the concepts "research proposal", "thesis" and "dissertation", as well as of what a research proposal should ideally contain. Problems associated with the contents, writing and presentation of proposals are discussed, particularly with regard to the lack of skills in research design. It also briefly deals with the role of universities in assisting students with preparing research proposals. The article concludes by examining the implications for research of a more original nature on doctoral level, if the necessary skills are not adequately acquired on masters' degree level.
Author P. FourieSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 392 –403 (2005)More Less
This article is an enquiry into the public policy response to the South African AIDS epidemic. Since AIDS first appeared in the country in 1982 there have been numerous good policy documents written by successive South African governments - yet the epidemic shows little sign of abating. Successive South African governments have defined the policy problem in different ways: moving from a moralistic to a biomedical approach, the most recent public policy response has been (discursively at least) to view the epidemic as a developmental and human rights-based problem. However, despite the drafting of broadly inclusive and well-conceptualised policies, previous as well as the current South African governments suffer from a crisis of implementation. This is the result of a failure on the part of South African governments to consistently and correctly define the AIDS policy problem itself. This has resulted in a contested policy environment, particularly in terms of the appropriate policy responses required. As a consequence, the initial close relationship between the new South African government and AIDS civil society has been badly eroded. Civil society has turned to a strategy of bypassing the national government altogether, by appealing to the courts in an effort to ensure the implementation of AIDS policies. Unless public policy makers address the structural drivers of the AIDS epidemic (race relations, sexual violence and cultural factors), South Africans will continue to suffer the ravages of the epidemic, nullifying some recent successes of provinces and local governments in demonstrating some policy implementation capacity.
Author F. UysSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 404 –417 (2005)More Less
In a time of efforts to limit the nature and scope of government functions, the scope and practice of disaster management are expanding rapidly. Reasons for this include the increase in the number of natural and technological disasters, the number of people affected and dead and the rising cost associated with disasters. In this descriptive overview of disaster management the concept disaster and related concepts of hazard, risk and vulnerability are clarified. Disasters are classified into natural, man-made and hybrid disasters that could all be of sudden-onset or slow-onset nature. The complexity of disaster management due to its multidisciplinary nature, multi-institutional involvement and inclusion of all the basic management functions is pointed out. The traditional approach to disaster management based on the four phased disaster management model developed in the 1970s in which the four phases of disaster management occur in stages, that follow each other in a sequence, is found to be no longer useful to disaster managers. The expand-contract model of disaster management illustrate an alternative approach in which disaster management can be viewed as a continuous process where disasters are managed in a parallel series of activities rather than a sequence of actions. In South Africa disasters have historically been managed in an uncoordinated, fragmented and crisis- reactive way. Developments since 1996 culminated in the Disaster Management Act, 2002 (Act 57 of 2002), which provides for an integrated, coordinated disaster management policy, financial guidelines as well as structures to coordinate disaster management.
Author G.M. FerreiraSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 418 –430 (2005)More Less
This article contains an overview of the complex network of labour relations dynamics and organizational flow in the new legislative landscape of labour relations. It sketches the hierarchy and protocol of the different protagonists in the labour market and explains the number of principles and influences amidst the myriad of legislative and ad hoc regulatory precepts. It also touches on the impact the general rights of workers and their representative bodies have on the economic forces and health. The article stipulates the sensitive, yet core role that the government has to play in attempting to reach an equitable balance of interests. The article focuses on the three parties in labour relations, the parties to the employment relationship and their respective roles. A general overview of corporatism is also provided.
Author E.C. StrohSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 431 –441 (2005)More Less
A strong trend in management strategy in recent years has been the re-organising of institutions into teams. High-performance teams can be successful particularly as a way to achieve institutional objectives more effectively and efficiently. Some activities however, are necessary to build and maintain high-performance teams. This article highlights strategies that may be valuable for team leaders in the public sector in this regard.
Author T. MajamSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 442 –452 (2005)More Less
This article addresses the need to develop the South African public sector employees and the potential benefits this will have for effective service delivery. It considers the issue of developing human resources in the public sector, before discussing in greater detail the country's Human Resource Development Strategy. The strategy is specifically discussed in terms of its potential positive impact on public services. It also focuses on the challenges involved in the relationship between service delivery and human resource development, and some solutions to address these challenges are proposed.
Author Yolanda SadieSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 453 –468 (2005)More Less
The South African government has committed itself to the equality of women and, in particular, the implementation of an equality strategy known as gender mainstreaming. Mainstreaming requires the integration of a gender perspective into policy-making programmes. This article examines the case for gender mainstreaming as well as the prerequisites or basic requirements for its effective implementation. Based on these criteria, the second part of the article addresses the extent to which an enabling environment for gender mainstreaming has been established in South Africa. The last part provides an indication of the state of gender mainstreaming in the country by considering some policy documents and development programmes. Particular attention is paid to the factors impeding the implementation of such a strategy.
Author E.J. NealerSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 469 –483 (2005)More Less
In environmental affairs worldwide, the ideals of access to information, public participation and access to justice are increasingly on the agenda. Within a wider context, these ideals form part of the initiatives aimed at strengthening democracy. This article discusses these three issues with reference to the Aarhus Convention of which they form the main pillars. Attention is focussed on environmental experiences elsewhere, while South African legislation is discussed that enshrine the principles underlying the aforementioned democratic rights. The benefits that can be derived from enshrining these rights in South African environmental legislation are touched upon in conclusion.
Author Albert VenterSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 484 –495 (2005)More Less
The purpose of this article is to reflect on the question whether the South African form of state has developed some distinct federal characteristics since its restructuring and democratisation in April 1994. In order to do this; the author makes some brief comments on his understanding of the concept of the federal state as well as the conceptual framework of federalism. He then continues to analyse the 1996 Constitution of the Republic of South Africa to determine its formal federal characteristics. Having done this, the idea of federalism vis a vis the public administration and politics in South Africa is examined. The article closes with some findings regarding federalism in the present South African body politic. The main finding is that whilst the constitution is a species of federal constitution, governance and political practice in South Africa is mainly centralist.
Successes and failures of the organisation of African unity : lessons for the future of the African UnionSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 496 –511 (2005)More Less
After more than a decade of democracy in South Africa, the eyes of the international world remain on South Africa as one of the countries on the continent that can assist in ensuring and maintaining peace, stability and greater prosperity. However, it is impossible to consider South Africa's potential role in this regard without considering the larger context of organised regionalism within which it has to operate. This article therefore examines the role of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), its successes and failures, and its evolution into the recently founded African Union. It pays attention to theories underlying the founding of International Governmental Organisations, before briefly exploring the history of the OAU. An evaluation is provided of the role of the OAU, before pointing to some lessons learned that could be of significance to the (African Union) AU in the future.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 512 –521 (2005)More Less
This article attempts to bring together issues around sustainable development, tourism and poverty alleviation with reference to sustainable tourism in Nepal. In the first part, it focuses on sustainable development. Background to tourism issues and sustainable development in South Africa and Nepal is provided. Sustainable tourism issues in Nepal are then discussed. The article also includes examples of the use of foreign development aid in Nepal, before turning to consider nature conservation and the role of two initiatives, the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation and the Annapurna Conservation Area Project. Some pointers are provided in the concluding remarks on the way forward for South Africa and further research that could be undertaken.