Journal of Public Administration - Special issue 3, December 2005
Volumes & issues
Special issue 3, December 2005
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 523 –524 (2005)More Less
The versatility of the discipline of Public Administration and the area of operation of the public sector are clearly exemplified by the range of contributions in this special issue of the Journal. The intention of the guest editor was to illustrate that public affairs in its broadest sense touch the lives of the total population of a country. In the particular issue a selection of articles are published to provide an overview of the variety of services provided and to identify the current contribution of Public Administration to the improvement of administrative and managerial practices in the state.
Author J.O. KuyeSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 525 –537 (2005)More Less
This paper argues that Schools of Public Management and Administration must re-align curricula content to meet the test of academic and professional innovation. Academic innovations must re-live the currency of practice and academic decorum. This paper argues that the re-alignment of curricula details is the best recipe to test the efficacy of programme development and discipline stability.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 538 –558 (2005)More Less
This article explores the relationship between public administration reforms in Africa and the implications of such reforms for public sector training. More specifically, it considers the skills and capacity needs that arise from the implementation of New Public Management (NPM) interventions in public administration in Africa. Firstly, a brief overview of the conditions giving rise to the NPM reform agenda as well as unanticipated problematic outcomes of NPM is provided for contextualization. Secondly, the key theoretical ideological underpinnings of NPM are identified. Thirdly, the limitations on successfully implementing an NPM programme are discussed in order to show that lack of skills and capacity are but one factor among others. Fourthly, the training and skills needs associated with NPM are identified. Fifthly, a review of the track record of training in relation to public administration reform in Africa is made. In conclusion, the key observations arising out of this analysis are presented.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 559 –574 (2005)More Less
This paper argues that as a developmental state, South Africa is faced with a series of critical issues in the arena of public service transformation. The paper further connotes that for democratizating the new administration and committing it to a developmental agenda, certain key policy initiatives need to be put in place. It circumvents to argue that the South African transformation is a microcosm of some of the challenges facing the international community.
Author C. ThornhillSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 575 –589 (2005)More Less
South Africa entered a totally new era with the advent of the democratic elections of April 1994. The effects were visible in the composition of the state, the departments as well as the diversification of service delivery to all inhabitants irrespective of race, colour or creed. The invisible effects happened and are still happening inside the public institutions on all three spheres of government. These effects relate to the administrative and managerial practices that were devised to cope with the increased demand for quality services, but acknowledging the limited resources available. This review of the transformation after a decade of democratic government attempts to highlight and evaluate the successes and the challenges faced by public institutions within a new constitutional dispensation.
Revisiting the African Peer Review Mechanism : the case for leadership and good governance in AfricaSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 590 –604 (2005)More Less
This paper examines the protocols of engagement of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) since its launch, three years ago. The African peer review mechanism was established in 2003 as an instrument to monitor the performance of participating African countries based on the protocols of engagement as identified in the document of inception. The main purpose is to foster the adoption of policies, standards and practices that lead to political stability, high economic growth, sustainable development and accelerated sub-regional and continental economic integration through the sharing of experiences and reinforcement of successful and best practice. It is argued that while the African peer review process is the most decisive element towards attaining the objectives set forth in the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), its focus needs to be revisited. Targeting critical governance and continental policies and the provision of incentives are paramount for effective and successful implementation.
Author E.J. Van RooyenSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 605 –618 (2005)More Less
The Gauteng Province has directed its socio-economic development focus towards pursuing a number of innovative projects that should transform its urban-rural infrastructure significantly. One such project is the envisaged Dinokeng Big 5 Game Reserve in the north-eastern part of the Province. An important founding principle of the project is that a unique mutually beneficial partnership agreement should be negotiated in which local communities (historically disadvantaged), land owners (smallholdings and farms), the business sector and the respective local, district and provincial authorities are involved to establish a conservation area and tourism destination of note. Feasibility studies have indicated that if such an entity should be established, it could enhance Gauteng's social development and economic growth trajectory exponentially. In this article, aspects relating to different forms of partnerships, and the intricacies associated with planning such partnerships in such a project are explored. Although no final agreements have been reached yet, the value of documenting this case rests in its contribution to a Public Affairs body of knowledge (PABOK), which may inform similar current and future development projects. The research is of a longitudinal nature and progress that is made with finalising this project is constantly being monitored and documented.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 619 –632 (2005)More Less
This paper examines the issues and debates of service delivery in South Africa since 1994. The dialogue generated in this paper attracts so much intellectual and political interests and these must also be viewed from the practical realities, which impact on the delivery of goods and services sin South Africa. At the same time, the present debate in the South African public service on the methods of improving service delivery, takes place in the context of a changing public service. Both politicians and stakeholder analysts argue that service delivery is not being addressed at the pace that is needed in South Africa to redress service backlogs. This paper examines service delivery initiatives and the outcomes of the South African public service from 1994 to 2003 in order to determine whether the public service has achieved the service delivery objectives set out by government.
Author B.C. MubangiziSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 633 –648 (2005)More Less
This article seeks to reflect on post-apartheid South Africa's efforts in providing sustainable public service delivery. In that regard the article tries to analyze the opportunities and challenges in public service delivery in present-day South Africa and to explore the various ways through which the country can take advantage of those opportunities and meet those challenges. As a point of departure the article begins by examining intergovernmental relations and proceeds to discuss the need for transformation of the public service in the context of historical realities and human rights obligations. The discussion then turns to the importance of the so-called Batho Pele principles and the alternative forms of service delivery. It is then concluded that service delivery is a continuous process that requires long-term commitment, a shared vision, clear strategies and cooperation from various sectors of the society. Integration, cooperation and coordination are also of crucial importance at the level of policy and strategy formulation where national, provincial and local spheres of government have to work together in conjunction with other role players and other institutions that carry out actual delivery. It is also concluded that transformation of the public service needs to be hastened and more use of alternative forms of service delivery considered. Furthermore, the role of non-state actors should not be underestimated. In particular, NGOs should be given more space and opportunity to be involved in public service delivery.
Author P. BrynardSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 649 –664 (2005)More Less
This article focuses on key issues regarding the implementation of policy and service delivery in the South African public sector. The purpose is to clarify concepts and to identify key variables for implementation. The challenge is to analytically appreciate the resulting complexity of implementation. Like so much of the literature on domestic implementation, implementation could be considered to be intrinsically complex. Although one expects all implementation to be dynamic and complex, not every episode of implementation is likely to be equally complex. Depending on particular situations some variables are likely to be more manifestly complex in some situations than in others. Also, the set of variables proposed is, in fact, more parsimonious than many alternative sets. The complexity is not as much in the breadth of the variables as in their depth. Unravelling that complexity is imperative to unravelling implementation effectiveness and therefore successful service delivery. The opportunity is to use the five Cs strategically in their complex interlinkages to synergise implementation.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 665 –676 (2005)More Less
Involving civil society role-players in the formulation and implementation of public policies has become a major feature of political life worldwide. For academics and donors, civil society could service as an instrument that will make African countries more democratic, transparent and more accountable. This article examines the role Rwandan civil organisations have played to influence public policy in the period following the civil war and the 1994 genocide. The role of civil society was highly critical for peace building, and social and economic reconstruction. The Government of National Unity that came to power in July 1994 sought to democratise the country's politics despite the challenging socio-political environment. Of course, opening up the political space to all segments of the population has been seen as part of the peace and reconciliation process. The article argues that, although civic organisations have attempted, in some cases successfully (e.g. of women organisations), to influence the course of policy options, numerous barriers still impede their effective contribution. They include a society with deep scars left by the war and the genocide of 1994 characterised by mistrust among the population; the culture of a centralised state with a tight policy environment; lack of clear definition of identity of civil society and its role in public policy-making; and problems of resources (human and finances).
Author D.J. FourieSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 677 –686 (2005)More Less
The introduction of the Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) as a budgeting planning process provides a basis for a more strategic focus on public expenditure planning and management in South Africa. Budget allocation ensures that public sector managers ensure that provision is made for expenditure over a three-year rolling period. The budget for the three-year period is based on the departmental strategic and service delivery plans. The MTEF manifests itself into the departmental annual reports, enhances performance measurement, provides a clear indication of the Departmental core objectives and finally into the annual statements regarding service delivery.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 687 –705 (2005)More Less
Despite clear constitutional and legislative provisions for the composition, functioning and development of local government in South Africa, the rendering of essential services, particularly to the poor and disadvantaged communities eleven years after the establishment of a true democracy in South Africa, appears to be still highly problematic for some municipalities. In fact, the recent wave of unrest at the local sphere of government in South Africa questions the ability of municipalities to provide basic services such as housing, sanitation, electricity and water to local communities.
This article focuses on past and present dilemmas in municipal service delivery, as well as the possible underlying reasons why some municipalities find it difficult to provide basic infrastructural services to local communities. Bearing in mind the principal overarching provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 and related legislation and policy frameworks for local government, this article proposes a hypothetical model for the reform and improvement of municipal service delivery. This model, which has a generic character, could serve as a useful guide or instrument to municipalities in their quest for change within a transformed society.
Local government and local government elections : bridging the private and public lives of women and menAuthor M. De WaalSource: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 706 –715 (2005)More Less
The Commission on Gender Equality is mandated to hold government accountable to the commitments it has made to promote gender equality in terms of policy, legislation and implementation, to evaluate the effectiveness of gender policies and make recommendations on improvements and changes. An overview of the activities of the Commission of Gender Equality over a period of years illustrates how the comprehensive manner in which the CGE executes its mandate by, on the one hand, engaging with local authorities and building capacity, and on the other hand by monitoring whether service delivery and policy implementation on local government sphere are geared toward addressing gender imbalances, and evaluating the priorities set by local government in relation to addressing the gendered needs of women and men. The overview also illuminates challenges with regard to gender planning and gender responsive programming on a local government sphere.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 40, pp 716 –729 (2005)More Less
South African telecommunications industry is in the process of being liberalized. There are concerns with regard to high telecommunications prices that may hamper the delivery of broadband services, job creation and the bridging of the digital divide. This article explores delivery of telecommunications services in the international arena to detect what could be viewed as best practices. The aim is to analyze and thereafter to recommend a policy that can be applied in the South African environment with a possibility of a successful liberalized industry.