n Journal of Public Administration - The nature and causes of corruption : the perceptions of KZN public service managers and anti-corruption agents

Volume 41, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0036-0767



This article comments on the suitability of both the 2003 Country Corruption Assessment Report (CCAR) and Public Service Anti-corruption Strategy recommendations to combat public sector corruption in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN). Anti-corruption measures should be informed by the nature and causes of corruption. In a survey undertaken in the same year that the CCAR was published (2003) the responses of 21 government managers and 11 anti-corruption agents suggest that corruption is ubiquitous throughout KZN's public sector and is manifested mainly in the forms of fraud, theft, bribery and nepotism. This corruption - according to respondents - is motivated primarily by greed, a lack of ethics, inadequate checks and balances and difficult economic conditions. The study finds, in addition, that KZN public sector corruption is both a supply (initiated by officials) and demand (initiated by private citizens) driven phenomenon. The CCAR recommendations to curb public sector corruption appear to be generally sound, given the nature and causes of KZN public sector corruption. The merits of a public sector wage policy and a concerted ethics training programme should be considered to further curb corruption.

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