Journal of Public Administration - Volume 42, Issue 1, 2007
Volumes & issues
Volume 42, Issue 1, 2007
Source: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 1 –2 (2007)More Less
Newspaper reports abound with cases of bribery, corruption, unprofessional conduct as well as white collar crime. Burglary, assault and murder also seem to be daily occurrences. The question could be posed on the role of government in this regard. Could government, through its extensive machinery, succeed in combating these crime waves that are sweeping society and endangering the social fabric of contemporary society? There is probably no single answer as the situation could not be attributed to only criminal tendencies, but also to sociological and economic factors. Perhaps most disturbingly it may even be exacerbated by a break down in ethical and moral values. This is exemplified by the fact that public servants who are the servants of society misuse e.g. child grants and members of Parliament who are the custodians of the electorate and of society in general misuse travel grants for their own personal purposes.
Service delivery for community development : reconciling efficiency and community participation with specific reference to a South African rural villageAuthor B.C. MubangiziSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 4 –17 (2007)More Less
Public service delivery that is aimed at promoting sustainable livelihoods needs to have efficiency and community participation as some of its fundamental principles. Current development practice tends to emphasise the former rather than the latter. This article attempts to articulate the findings of a research into service delivery for poverty alleviation in South Africa, based on a particular community development endeavour (the Working for Water Programme) in a specific South African rural village. The research found that a market oriented vision of service delivery, which places a lot of emphasis on efficiency, could easily erode participation of the general community with negative consequences for sustainability of community development programmes. The article recommends that the efficiency principle be advanced within a people centred paradigm, through greater participation of local structures equipped to handle and realise general community development objectives.
Author Karin MullerSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 18 –32 (2007)More Less
The emergence in the late nineties in South Africa of new environmental governance systems as decentralised sets of formal and informal agreements among diverse groups and organisations in the form of networks and partnerships is an exciting development following international trends. South Africa is still at an early phase in the evolution of governance models, but that no one set of institutional arrangements can solve all types of collective problems. Therefore, institutions need to be designed in ways that are compatible with particular types of problems, presenting us with a unique opportunity for organisational and social learning. With the basic concepts of integration, collaboration/co-operation and coordination as points of departure, an assessment framework is developed to identify, describe and document the evolving characteristics of decentralised environmental governance systems. The emerging water catchment and biosphere environmental governance systems are described as two contrasting examples of some of the prospects and challenges facing South Africa in this regard.
Nature reserves and local economic development : a question of beneficiaries in Maleboho Nature ReserveSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 33 –41 (2007)More Less
The purpose of nature conservation is to ensure sustainable use of natural resources. Sustainable utilisation should not discount the perspective of the beneficiaries of such resources which are the surrounding communities. The local communities are supposed to derive economic, social and cultural benefits from the resources available to them. With the history of denying the local communities such benefits, in South Africa, the introduction of the approach, aimed at ensuring that the local communities benefits from nature conservation dates back to the 1980s. The establishment of the SANparks (South African National Parks) ecological unit in the 1980s has the purpose of ensuring that the local communities are beneficiaries of nature conservation resources. Despite the existence of such a unit, which is supposed to be an example to nature reserves in the country, local community benefits from nature conservation remain a pipedream. Most communities adjacent to nature reserves in South Africa argue that they benefit little or not at all from their nature reserves. This article, therefore, investigates whether the local communities adjoining the Maleboho Nature Reserve derive economic benefits from the nature reserve.
The role of developmentally focused institutions and agencies in creating a sustainable infrastructure for regional and sub regional trade facilitationSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 42 –53 (2007)More Less
The article investigates the impact globalisation has had on the trading environment confronting a developing country's suppliers of goods and services. The gradual reduction in historic methods to protect national markets such as tariffs is bringing more sophisticated technical barriers to the fore. In order to satisfy the sophisticated demands of a developed country's consumers, it is essential that developing country suppliers have access to appropriate technical infrastructure. The provision of such infrastructure in an African context, under the African Union and NEPAD is discussed. The possible roles of both the regional and sub regional of Regional Economic Cooperations are then explored. The article concludes that the many differences between the member states of the African Union should be considered strengths in harvesting its rightful rewards as respected members in the global community.
Career paths of employees in the South African public sector : the military university educator model as a benchmarkAuthor W. Van RensburgSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 54 –63 (2007)More Less
It is perceived that the Department of Public Service and Administration (DPSA) has, after the abolition of the rank and leg promotions system in 2000, a problem with career management and more specific with career progression, of their employees. After the restructuring of the Public Service it seems as if employees are stuck on a salary level and that no progression is possible. The Faculty of Military Science employs Military University Educators (MUEs) whose primary function is to lecture military personnel of the Department of Defence (DoD) on a tertiary level. The Staff Development and Service Conditions Committee of this Faculty, in conjunction with the Directorate Service Systems of the DoD, developed a Personnel Management Code (PMC) for MUEs over the past nine years that addresses career management and career progression. Included in this PMC is a career path model that is proposed as a benchmark for career pathing within the Public Service of South Africa, especially for the professional dispensations.
Impact of basic health services on the quality of life in poor communities : an empirical assessmentSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 64 –79 (2007)More Less
There is a widespread belief that access to infrastructure and services such as water and sanitation have direct effects on health. Thus, the delivery of health, water and sanitation services should ensure improved access to basic needs, enhance the health profile of poor communities and their access to employment opportunities. Safe clean water supplies and adequate sanitation services, therefore, are among the major determinants of health. The assumption is that health-related services such as water and sanitation should ensure a certain average life expectancy and eliminate mass disease and ill health. To test this general assumption, a comparative qualitative assessment was undertaken of this narrow model of services (health, water and sanitation services) that should have had an impact on improving the quality of life among poor communities. The empirical findings of this study indicate that these services are insufficient to draw conclusive findings. The research results provide support for the proposition that although the provision of health, potable water and adequate sanitation services lead to improvement in the standard of living, their impact alone does not incorporate all the attributes that enhance quality of life as suggested by mainstream schools of thought in the health sector. The findings show that poverty, combined with poor public health conditions, inadequate nutrition, overcrowded and poor quality housing, lack of accessible potable water and sanitation, render communities vulnerable to ill health.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 80 –81 (2007)More Less
This third edition of Managing change - negotiating conflict, endeavours to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the complexities of negotiations and problem solving in various settings. The edition has been updated and restructured to include the most recent knowledge and experience in this area of human resource management.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 81 –83 (2007)More Less
The book consists of four parts and 15 chapters by various contributors. Part 1 deals with Policy and national programmes consisting of five chapters. Part 2 concerns contextual challenges with three chapters. Part 3 on the market and security of tenure has three chapters and part 4 on city level experience consists of four chapters.
Community development. Breaking the cycle of poverty (fourth edition), H. Swanepoel and F. De Beer : book reviewsAuthor Francois TheronSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 83 –84 (2007)More Less
This book, by two well-known community development experts, has an interesting evolution. In 1989, Community development. Putting plans into action was published, followed in 1992 by the second edition and the third in 1997. Over many years this book was an accepted reference on the topic, with each edition adding more substance to the general framework. The publication was widely prescribed at universities and former technicons. The authors' work was acknowledged in government documents by the previous regime as well as the current in the motivation for the Community Development Workers' Programme.