Journal of Public Administration - Volume 42, Issue 2, 2007
Volumes & issues
Volume 42, Issue 2, 2007
Author Gerda Van DijkSource: Journal of Public Administration 42 (2007)More Less
During the 2007 Annual Conference, Professor Chris Thornhill was awarded the ASSADPAM Laudation for his selfless dedication to the discipline of Public Administration and Management. Professor Thornhill has served academia for more than 40 years and has been at the forefront of discipline development since 1967. He is still very active as lecturer, researcher and supervisor for a number of universities within South Africa. He is the Editor of the Journal of Public Administration.
Author C. ThornhillSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 85 –86 (2007)More Less
The Association of Southern African Schools and Departments of Public Administration and Management (ASSADPAM) held its annual conference at the Polytechnic of Namibia in Windhoek from 30 May to 1 June 2007 on the theme: Sustainable public service reform: challenges and opportunities. The Conference provided an opportunity for various speakers to consider the complexities of development and the factors that could promote or impede the achievement of developmental goals in a state. It became clear that the government and its administrative machinery should not only rely on policies aimed at improving the economy, but should consider carefully the organizational structures required to promote development; the provision of competent personnel to carry out the policies; the political commitment to effect reform; and the recognition of basic values to support the administration and managerial functions in accordance with the requirements of a democratic state. A topic included in the discussions was the need for training and research in Public Administration and Management.
Author M. KotzeSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 87 –104 (2007)More Less
The aim of legislation, as well as that of most formal institutions involved with persons with disabilities, is to assist such people in playing a full participating role in society and to increase their employment on the open labour market. Despite legislation and various documents relating to the importance of the employment of people with disabilities in the open labour market, there is still a high level of unemployment and under-utilization of people with disabilities in the public sector. It seems that the barriers to their employment are often of a social rather than an individual nature. There are doubts about how far organisations have coherent and adequately resourced arrangements in place to address the needs and the quality of work life (QWL) of people with disabilities in a proactive and integrated manner. Thus, it is important to establish which issues in the work situation affect the quality of work life (QWL) for people with disabilities. This include both the problems and the pleasant experiences which make work worthwhile.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 105 –118 (2007)More Less
The South African government has, since 2000, sought transformation of apartheid structured higher education. The demand for transformation is multi-fold since the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 and the National Plan for Higher Education (2001) endeavour to rid higher education of its apartheid legacy. National and international educational and market trends place pressure on the higher education landscape of South Africa to transform. This quest for transformation has led to mergers of some historically disadvantaged institutions with historically advantaged institutions. Transformation has led to controversies at the institutions which were required to transform. One of the issues to be addressed through the merger of institutions is employment equity. The focus of this article is the requirement for employment equity at the newly merged Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU). The article will focus on the employment equity strategies implemented by the University of Port Elizabeth and the Port Elizabeth Technikon prior to the merger. The article will further review the equity status of the NMMU and the difficulty the Institution is facing in its quest for employment equity.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 119 –136 (2007)More Less
An attempt is made to improve understanding of evaluation utilisation and, hopefully, promote broader utilisation by locating the discourse in the Weiss-Patton debate and exploring other views. In recognition of the importance of utilisation generally, and particularly in the context of the African Peer Review Mechanism, the article first examines and reviews various studies on the multi-faceted concept of utilisation or use, outlines what it is that is used, identifies the multiplicity of potential users and draws attention to misutilisation or misuse of evaluations. Secondly, drawing from evaluation literature, strategies are outlined that could enhance instrumental utilisation. Finally, Johnson's theoretical model of evaluation utilisation which merges elements of various conceptual frameworks is examined as an advance in the attempt to link theory to practice.
The relationship between government and central banks : how independent are central banks in the Common Monetary Area (CMA) of southern Africa?Author B. WesselsSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 137 –148 (2007)More Less
Central banks are unique public institutions. Generally, they are established by government, funded by government, and their governors and directors are appointed by government. Yet they have to be autonomous or independent from government! If not independent, grave risks entailing political manipulation and exploitation awaits them, harbouring threatening consequences for the economy and social structure of the country. Consequently, central bank independence (CBI) is currently internationally regarded as an essential yardstick for measuring good practice in governments. The Common Monetary Area (CMA) region in Southern Africa consists of Southern Africa, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland and they have agreed to achieve, together with the other 10 countries of the South African Development Community (SADC), a monetary and economic union by 2016. This article assesses the current adequacy of the legal (de jure) independence of the four CMA central banks from their governments. The article establishes and applies political as well as economic criteria for measuring CBI in the four CMA central banks. The results are utilised to indicate the extent to which each bank satisfies the criteria for legal independence and how much they need to transform towards the accepted principles of a respected, independent central bank.
Afrocentric versus Eurocentric leadership : towards an appropriate style for organizational effectivenessSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 149 –159 (2007)More Less
The article essentially explores two leadership styles, namely Afrocentric and Eurocentric. The Western or Eurocentric style of leadership places emphasis on the individualist ideology, whereas the African or afrocentric style is collectivist in nature, underpinned by humanism - ubuntu. The article examines the good practices and lessons in both the leadership styles, and proposes a suitable leadership style for organizational effectiveness.